Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Benefits of animal intervention strategies in the control of neglected zoonotic diseases in Nigeria

Karshima Solomon Ngutor
  • Karshima Solomon Ngutor
  • Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Jos, PMB 2084, Jos-Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 November 2015
  •  Accepted: 06 June 2016
  •  Published: 31 July 2016

Abstract

Nigeria among many other developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America still suffers the impact of neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) such as rabies, brucellosis, cysticercosis, echinococcosis and other geo-helminths which have been successfully eradicated in industrialized countries. These diseases cause economic bankruptcy among over 70% of Nigerians who live in the rural areas and whose livelihood is dependent on mini-livestock production. In the current review, the employment of animal intervention strategies to control these NZDs through animal vaccination, strategic de-worming, enactment and re-enforcement of legislations and policies on NZDs control, efficient veterinary meat inspection, public education and depopulation as a last option are discussed. The benefits of animal intervention strategies are affordability, safety to animals and the general public as well as improvement of national economy.

Key words: Benefits, animal intervention strategies, control, neglected zoonotic diseases, risk factors, Nigeria.