Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 609

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge and attitudes of health workers in bouake, Cote d’ivoire on zika virus disease in the context of a global epidemic

S. I. Soumahoro
  • S. I. Soumahoro
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
D. P. Kouassi
  • D. P. Kouassi
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
A. M. Sokodogo
  • A. M. Sokodogo
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
M. Coulibaly
  • M. Coulibaly
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
W. A. Tuo
  • W. A. Tuo
  • University Hospital of Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
A. D. Kouamé
  • A. D. Kouamé
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
S. Yéo
  • S. Yéo
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
G. H. A. Yao
  • G. H. A. Yao
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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  •  Received: 18 March 2022
  •  Accepted: 01 June 2022
  •  Published: 31 July 2022

Abstract

Since January, 2012, the Pacific region has faced a heavy burden of concurrent epidemics of dengue, chikungunya, and zika virus infections. In 2016, WHO developed a global response strategic framework to ensure that zika virus is a priority and accelerated area of public health research. This study conducted in Bouaké (Côte d'Ivoire) is part of this framework. The main objective was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of health workers working there on the zika virus disease in order to consider a better preparation and response to a possible epidemic in Côte d'Ivoire. Cross-sectional study covering the period from October 2016 to March 2017 was used here. The sampling was comprehensive and included interviews with 258 persons. Subjects were interviewed using a questionnaire edited and adapted from the CAP questionnaire developed by WHO in 2016. People with prior knowledge of the zika virus disease represented 66.3% of the health workers surveyed. Their level of knowledge was insufficient in 83.5% of cases. Their attitudes were good in 51.5% of cases. In the authors’ final model, the exercise structure which was adjusted to the level of education and the corporation significantly influenced health workers' attitudes toward illness. Health workers in public settings appeared to have a better attitude compared to their private colleagues (adjusted OR = 4.88; CI: 2.37-10.03; p-value: 0.000). The zika virus disease has attracted the attention of the medical community during the 2014-2016 period. This attention, while mitigated by the West African Ebola virus epidemic, deserves to be highlighted.

Key words: Health workers-Côte d’Ivoire-knowledge-attitudes-Zika.