Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 608

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of Campylobacter in poultry meat in Sokoto, North-western Nigeria

M. D. Salihu1*, A. U. Junaidu1, A. A. Magaji1, M. B. Abubakar2, A. Y.  Adamu3 and A. S. Yakubu3
1Department of Veterinary Public Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto,    Nigeria. 2Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria. 3Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University,  Sokoto, Nigeria
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 October 2009
  •  Published: 31 December 2009

Abstract

The study was conducted in Sokoto, Nigeria from November 2007 to October 2008 to investigate the presence of Campylobacter spp. in poultry meat, by standard culture techniques. Campylobacter was detected in 558 (81.9%) of the 681 meat samples, the isolates were characterized by conventional phenotypic tests.Campylobacter jejuni was the most commonly identified species accounting for 340 (60.9%) of the positive samples and 413 (62.3%) of the total isolates, while C. coli and C. lari had 156 (28.0%) and 39 (7.0%) of the positive samples respectively. Thermophilic strains not identified as C. jejuniC. coli, or C. lari were grouped as “other thermophilic species” and these account for 23 (4.1%) of the positive samples and 32 (4.8%) of the total isolates. Among these, 19 (59.4%) of the 32 strains were also identified as C. upsaliensis while 5 (15.6%) were identified as C. hyointestinalis. The most frequently identified biotype of C. jejuni, C. coli andC. lari was biotype I which accounts for 58.8, 68.0 and 59.2% respectively of the total individual isolates. The presence of Campylobacter in poultry meat may play a role as food borne pathogen of more importance than hitherto reported.

 

Key words: Prevalence, Campylobacter, meat, poultry, biotypes, Sokoto.