Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 655

Full Length Research Paper

Study on community knowledge, attitude and practice of rabies in and nearby Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

Shumuye Gebyaw Serebe
  • Shumuye Gebyaw Serebe
  • Mekell University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Kassaw Amssalu Tadesse*
  • Kassaw Amssalu Tadesse*
  • Mekell University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Haileluel Aleme Yizengaw
  • Haileluel Aleme Yizengaw
  • Mekell University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Sintayehu Minda Tamrat
  • Sintayehu Minda Tamrat
  • Debremarkos University, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 15 August 2014
  •  Accepted: 25 September 2014
  •  Published: 31 December 2014


Rabies is one of the disastrous diseases for both animal and human beings. Questionaire based cross-sectional study was conducted in and nearby Gondar town from November 2013 to June 2014. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 139 respondents comprised of 96 from urban and 43 from peri-urban areas to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of community about rabies. The current study generally illustrated the presence of significant difference on knowledge and practice of the respondent from urban and peri-urban areas (P < 0.05). Although more than (96%) of the respondents were familiar with the disease, there is mis-perception about the cause and means of transmission of the disease. Starvation and thirst were mentioned by (49.6%) of the respondents as causes of the disease in dogs and 21.6% of them stated any type of contact (irrespective of the skin condition) with saliva of affected individual can transmit the diseases. The result also established that 124 (91.9%) of the respondents were aware that human and other different species of domestic animals can be affected by rabies. However, all respondents (100%) in peri-urban area perceived dog as the only source of infection for human being. Traditional medicine was stated as method of treatment in case of dog bite by 46% of the respondents whereas, 41.7% of respondent used post exposure vaccination. Only 35.8% of the respondent did vaccinate their dogs and level of low vaccination practice was higher in peri-urban area. Raising awareness about dog vaccination and improving access and affordability of the vaccine should be considered in control of the disease.


Key words: Attitude, dog, Gondar, knowledge, practice, rabies.


CDC, Center for Disease Prevention and Control; PEP, post exposure prophylaxis; RNA, ribonucleic acid; US, United States; WHO, World Health Organization.