Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of rain water harvesting systems in a rural community of Edo State, Nigeria

Tobin, E. A.1, Ediagbonya, T. F.2, Ehidiamen, G.1 and Asogun, D. A.1
1Institute of Lassa Fever Research and Control, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo state, Nigeria. 2Department of Chemical Science, University of Science and Technology, Okitipupa, Ondo state, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 November 2013
  •  Published: 31 December 2013

Abstract

The study assessed the practice of rain water harvesting (RWH) in a rural community in Edo state, Nigeria. Using a cross sectional study design, pre-tested structured interviewer administered questionnaire were administered to 232 selected and consenting households. A structured observational checklist was used for assessment of household rainwater harvesting system. Water was collected from 15% of houses and tested for bacteriological quality. Data was analysed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 16. Results were presented as frequencies, with statistical test applied where appropriate. Findings showed that RWH was practiced by over 80% of households, with the roof top as the catchment area. Stored water was most commonly used for personal hygiene purposes. Majority of the 30 water samples tested had unacceptable levels of total coliform, while one sample had Escherichia coli. Health education should focus on enlightening households on appropriate design and maintenance of RWH systems.

Key words: Assessment, harvesting, rainwater, rural.