Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 616

Review

Zoonotic tuberculosis: A review of epidemiology, clinical presentation, prevention and control

Nwanta John Anaelom1, Onunkwo Joseph Ikechukwu1, Ezema Wilfred Sunday2and Umeononigwe Chukwunonso Nnaemeka1
1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria. 2Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nsukka, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 August 2010
  •  Published: 30 September 2010

Abstract

The current increasing incidence of tuberculosis in humans, particularly in immunocompromised persons, has given a renewed interest in the zoonotic importance of Mycobacterium bovis, especially in developing countries. The roles of meat and milk, the commonest source of protein to man, in the transmission of the disease remain significant. Due to the grave consequences of M. bovisinfection on animal and human health, it is necessary to introduce rigorous control measures to reduce the risk of the disease in human and animal populations. The institution of proper food hygiene practices and stronger intersectoral collaboration between the medical and veterinary professions is vital to the control of the disease.

 

Key words: Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, cattle, human, developing countries, control.