Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 514

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours of HIV/AIDS among end-cycle students in Cote d’Ivoire: Cross-sectional survey

Man-Koumba Soumahoro, Harvey Attoh-Touré, Kouamé Mathias N'Dri, N’Dri Anatole Mian, Mariam Diomandé, Constant Joseph Koné, Amadou Ouattara, Souleymane Sidibé, Chantal Akoua-Koffi and Mireille Dosso  
Department of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Pasteur Institute of Ivory Coast, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Department of Public Health, UFR Medical Sciences, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Department of Vaccinology, National Institute of Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Department of Reception and Housing, Regional Center of University Works of Abidjan1, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Department of Fundamental and Bioclinical Sciences, UFR Medical Sciences, Alassane Ouattara University, Bouaké, Ivory Coast. Laboratory Service, CHU de Bouaké, Ivory Coast. Department of Bacteriology and Virology, Pasteur Institute of Ivory Coast, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 27 November 2018
  •  Accepted: 13 June 2019
  •  Published: 31 July 2019

Abstract

In Cote d’Ivoire, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS has declined significantly in the last decade as a result of public health actions. An assessment of knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours was carried out to assess the outcome of the strategies for raising awareness and communicating with students about HIV/AIDS. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among students enrolled in third year at the university. An anonymous self-questionnaire including a consent form was provided. Mean scores were calculated from the items in the questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, perception and behaviours of these students with regard to HIV/AIDS. The chi square test was used to compare the qualitative variables, and the quantitative variables were compared with the test of student. Among 561 students who participated in the study, 41.7, 26.7 and 31.6% were respectively registered in the sectors of human and social sciences (HSS), biosciences and health sciences. The mean age was 25.9 ± 3.4 years with a sex ratio of 1.3. The mean knowledge score of certain modes of transmission was 4.9 ± 0.36 out of 5 while that of condom positive perception was 6.4 ± 2.2 out of 12. This perception score was significantly higher in women than in men (6.1 vs. 6.9, p = 0.0001). The mean acceptance score was 7.3 ± 2.2 out of 10. The results of this work show good knowledge about HIV/AIDS among the students surveyed. However, the positive perception of the condom is far from being integrated in the student environment. This study also showed the persistence of HIV risk behaviour is out of sync with the level of knowledge. It would be important to review marketing and communication strategies about HIV.

Keys words: HIV/AIDS, students, knowledge, attitude, behaviours, Cote d’Ivoire.