Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

Full Length Research Paper

Community knowledge perceptions and practices regarding malaria prevention and physical environment aspect: A prelude to indoor residual spraying (IRS) implementation in Atacora region, Benin

Rock Aïkpon1,2*, Razaki Ossè1,2, Arthur Sovi1,2, Renaud Govoetchan1,2, Frédéric Oké-Agbo1 and Martin C. Akogbéto1,2
1Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin. 2Faculté des Sciences et Techniques de l’Université d’Abomey Calavi, Benin.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 June 2013
  •  Published: 31 July 2013


The implementation of a vector control strategy needs to be adapted to both socioculturaland environmental contexts. The determination of National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) to fight effectively against malaria resulted in their decision to implement indoor residual spraying (IRS) in the department of Atacora in the Northwest of Benin. This study assessed community knowledge, perceptions and practices about malaria prevention especially about Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS), as well as data related to the type of human dwellings. Cross-sectional study was conducted between September and October, 2010. The results of a total of 7,878 respondents show little knowledge of populations about malaria. There was however a variety of protective measures against mosquito bitesincluding bednets which are the most used. Moreover, IRS was accepted by 98.74% of respondents. Most (79.84%) of the walls were smooth and lend themselves well to the insecticide treatment.


Key words: Malaria prevention, community, knowledge, perceptions, practices, physical environment aspect, indoor residual spraying (IRS), Benin.