Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 487

Full Length Research Paper

An appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria

Olutomi Yewande Sodipo
  • Olutomi Yewande Sodipo
  • Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Bassey Ebenso
  • Bassey Ebenso
  • Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, Leeds Institute for Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
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  •  Received: 06 October 2017
  •  Accepted: 01 November 2017
  •  Published: 31 December 2017

Abstract

The study aimed to assess the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats influencing the achievement of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus. It also sought to suggest recommendations to improve the current prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria. A critical appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria was conducted. The WHO health system framework was used to assess the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus system. Considering the recent call by the World Health Organization to eliminate hepatitis and the existence of a robust prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus health system, the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria is riddled with numerous challenges. These range from a health worker crisis, poor leadership and governance, inadequate health information, medicines, vaccines and technologies and poor service delivery. Urgent action in the Nigerian prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system is required if Nigeria is to achieve its goal of eliminating hepatitis by 2021.

Key words: Mother-to-child-transmission, hepatitis B Virus, health system, Nigeria.