Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 523

Review

Resurgence of yaws in Benin: Four confirmed cases in the district of Zè, Southern Benin

Adjimon Gilbert Ayélo
  • Adjimon Gilbert Ayélo
  • Centre de Dépistage et de Traitement de l’Ulcère de Buruli d’Allada, Allada, Benin.
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Bérénice K. Esthelle Degboe
  • Bérénice K. Esthelle Degboe
  • Unité d'Enseignement et de Recherche en Dermatologie Vénérologie,Faculté des Sciences de la Santé Cotonou, Benin.
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Yves Thierry Barogui
  • Yves Thierry Barogui
  • Centre de Dépistage et de Traitement de l’Ulcère de Buruli de Lalo, Lalo, Benin.
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Inès Cica Gomido
  • Inès Cica Gomido
  • Centre de Dépistage et de Traitement de l’Ulcère de Buruli d’Allada, Allada, Benin.
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Anita Carolle Wadagni
  • Anita Carolle Wadagni
  • Direction de la Coordination du Programme National de Lutte contre la Lèpre et l'Ulcère de Buruli,Ministry of Healt, Benin.
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Christelle d’Almeida
  • Christelle d’Almeida
  • Hôpital d’Instruction des Armées-Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Cotonou, Benin.
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Gabriel Diez
  • Gabriel Diez
  • Fondation ANESVAD, Spain.
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Jean Gabin Houezo
  • Jean Gabin Houezo
  • Direction de la Coordination du Programme National de Lutte contre la Lèpre et l'Ulcère de Buruli,Ministry of Healt, Benin.
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Johnson Roch Christian
  • Johnson Roch Christian
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable, Abomey Calavi, Bénin.
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Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel
  • Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique Comlan Alfred Quenum, Ouidah, Bénin.
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  •  Received: 08 November 2019
  •  Accepted: 11 December 2019
  •  Published: 31 December 2019

Abstract

Yaws is an infectious neglected tropical disease (NTD) caused by the Treponema pallidum pertenue which is highly contagious and transmitted through direct contact with an infected person. It mainly affects skin, bone and cartilage and predominantly in children under 15 years of age. The last cases in Benin were documented in 1982 in the districts of Adjohoun, Bonou and Dangbo in Southern Benin. In line with the global strategy of yaws eradication, yaws surveillance had been reactivated in Benin in 2012 through the National Control Programme of Leprosy and Buruli Ulcer (PNLLUB). Following two yaws prevalence surveys among schoolchildren in 2012 and 2013 in Southern Benin, that failed to detect yaws case, the PNLLUB adopted in 2016 field mass medical consultation campaign as an integrated screen and case management strategy for skin NTDs. During the field mass medical consultation organized in five districts in Southern Benin within October – December 2018, four yaws cases had been confirmed in two villages in the district of Zè. These are the first yaws cases confirmed in Benin since 1982 and thus confirm the re-emergence of yaws in Benin.

Key words: Yaws, reemerging infectious diseases, Benin.