Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

Full Length Research Paper

Factors associated with chronic respiratory disorders in the saleswomen working near Dantokpa’s market highways in Cotonou, Benin

Hervé Agbomakou Gbegnide
  • Hervé Agbomakou Gbegnide
  • Regional Institute of Public Health (IRSP), University of Abomey-Calavi, BP 384 Ouidah, Benin.
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Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh
  • Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh
  • Regional Institute of Public Health (IRSP), University of Abomey-Calavi, BP 384 Ouidah, Benin.
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Denise Assiba Davou
  • Denise Assiba Davou
  • Regional Eco-Health Chair on Urban Air Pollution in West Africa, University of Abomey-Calavi, BP 188, Cotonou, Benin.
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Michel Makoutode
  • Michel Makoutode
  • Regional Eco-Health Chair on Urban Air Pollution in West Africa, University of Abomey-Calavi, BP 188, Cotonou, Benin.
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Gildas Agodokpessi
  • Gildas Agodokpessi
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, Teaching and Research Unit in Pneumo-Phthisiology, 01BP 3384, Cotonou, Benin.
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  •  Received: 03 March 2021
  •  Accepted: 19 April 2021
  •  Published: 30 April 2021

Abstract

Sales around roads, a common activity mainly carried out by women in African urban areas, expose these later to outdoor air pollution (OAP), leading to chronic respiratory diseases (CRD). This research aims at studying associated factors with CRD among these professionals. A cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted among 396 saleswomen working on the outskirts of the main track of Dantokpa’s market in Cotonou. Participants were systematically recruited by convenience, in the proportion of one in two, according to the defined selection criteria and interview. A multivariate analysis was performed by the top-down procedure. The CRDs prevalence was 43.18% for chronic bronchitis (35.18%) and asthma (8.33%). The associated factors with CRD were (Adjusted OR; 95%CI): the low-quality housing (1.92; 1.18-3.13), monthly income above the minimum wage (2.48; 1.51-4.06) and the daily selling time above 9 h (3.66; 2.15-6.22). Three items of the knowledge’s level about OAP were found to be protective factors, namely the recognition by saleswomen of: At least three sources of OAP (0.43; 0.26-0.72), the OAP’s reality (0.25; 0.07-0.85), and their higher exposure (0.06; 0.013-0.31). The risk and protective factors identified will help implementing preventive measures, including consciousness-raising for saleswomen and targeted OAP mitigation efforts.

Keywords: Chronic respiratory disorders, associated factors, road sales, outdoor air pollution.