Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 655

Full Length Research Paper

Seasonal malaria chemoprevention coverage in Burkina Faso in 2018: Descriptive analysis of mothers' knowledge and attitude during cross sectional survey

Zongo Issaka
  • Zongo Issaka
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Some Eric Nagaonle
  • Some Eric Nagaonle
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Haro Alassane
  • Haro Alassane
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Ouedraogo Jean Bosco
  • Ouedraogo Jean Bosco
  • Institut des Sciences et Techniques (INSTech), Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 25 July 2022
  •  Accepted: 24 October 2022
  •  Published: 30 November 2022


Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is effective to prevent malaria in children 3 to 59 months in the Sahel region. Mother’s seasonal malaria chemoprevention related knowledge and attitudes and  the coverage of the strategy among targeted children were assessed. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 1828 children aged 3 to 59 months from November 7 to 18, 2018 in eight health regions of Burkina Faso where SMC was implemented with Malaria Consortium supported fund. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and direct inspection of SMC card. MAGPI software was used for data collection and STATA 12.0 was used for the analysis. A total of 1828 children 3 to 59 months were enrolled and 951 mothers interviewed on different aspects of SMC. Overall, the SMC coverage was high  for single cycle or for cumulative coverage basis. Single cycle coverage increased over rounds, from mother and tutor's interview (from 87.09% (1592/1828) to 91.19% (1667/1828); p=0.001). Over 91.18% (869/951) knew that SMC objective was to prevent malaria. Overall SMC was well tolerated and most 95.2% (296/320) of mothers and tutors surveyed owned  treated bed nets. Despite combining high coverage and treated bed-net use, at least 16.19% remained rapid diagnosis test positives during the survey. SMS coverage was high in the current survey and most mothers knew the relevance of SMC administration with high bed-net coverage.

Key words: Coverage, seasonal malaria chemoprevention, children 3 to 59 months, Burkina Faso, 2018.