Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 607

Full Length Research Paper

Epidemiological profile of road traffic accidents victims received at the emergency reception service of the Regional Hospital of Kindia, Guinea, 2012-2016

Gbamou Nouonan
  • Gbamou Nouonan
  • Burkina Field Epidemiology and Laboratoy Training Program, Faculty of Medicine, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo
  • Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Cheik Tidiane Sidibe
  • Cheik Tidiane Sidibe
  • National HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Program, Ministry of health, Conakry, Guinea.
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Fadima Diallo
  • Fadima Diallo
  • Burkina Field Epidemiology and Laboratoy Training Program, Faculty of Medicine, University Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Bernard Sawadogo
  • Bernard Sawadogo
  • African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda.
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Simon Antara
  • Simon Antara
  • African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 13 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 17 January 2022
  •  Published: 28 February 2022

Abstract

Road traffic accidents are frequent in Kindia. Information from police records is insufficient, hospital data are available but not thoroughly analyzed and previous studies are incomplete. We decided to supplement these previous studies with an in-depth analysis of the available data in order to guide appropriate actions. We conducted a cross-sectional study. We used survey of data from 2012 to 2016. We collected socio-demographic, clinical information and the circumstances of the accident through a documentary review. We analyzed the data using Excel 2010 and Epi Info 7.2.  Proportions and median were calculated. The prevalence of road traffic accidents was 3.31%. The 15-30 age group was most commonly affected (46.98%) with a median of 24 years. Men were the majority (66.23%) and informal employees represented 51.68%. These accidents victims came from the urban area (77.58%). Accidents occurred generally between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. (42.63). Motorcycles were mostly used (65.52%), main lesions were bruises (47.3%) largely in the lower limbs (38.3%). Lethality was 1.65%. Young adults were the most exposed and the informal sector remained the most widespread. Accidents occurred between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. Preventive actions should focus on these exposures.

Key words: Epidemiology, casualties, public road, Kindia, 2012-2016.