Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 569

Full Length Research Paper

Medicine pricing: Impact on accessibility and affordability of medicines vis a vis the product origin as pharmaco-economic drivers in Comoros

Said Abasse Kassim
  • Said Abasse Kassim
  • School of International Pharmaceutical Business, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing China.
  • Google Scholar
Raphael Nammahime Alolga
  • Raphael Nammahime Alolga
  • School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China.
  • Google Scholar
Assogba Gabin Assanhou
  • Assogba Gabin Assanhou
  • FSS/Cotonou/Ufr Pharmacie/Universite d?Abomey-Calavi 01BP188 Cotonou, Benin
  • Google Scholar
Said Mohamed Kassim
  • Said Mohamed Kassim
  • Department of Internal Medicine- Gastroenterology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou-China.
  • Google Scholar
Li Hongchao
  • Li Hongchao
  • School of International Pharmaceutical Business, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing China.
  • Google Scholar
Ma Aixia*
  • Ma Aixia*
  • School of International Pharmaceutical Business, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing China.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 11 July 2015
  •  Accepted: 11 August 2015
  •  Published: 30 September 2015

Abstract

This paper highlights the availability, pricing and affordability of popular medicines in Comoros. We used the standardized survey methodology developed by the World Health Organization and Health Action International to conduct a cross sectional survey for collecting data on availability and patient prices of medicines in public, private and mission sector medicines outlets from April 1 to June 30, 2014. Median availability of medicines in Comoros across all sectors was particularly low at 31.11% for all product types. The median price ratios of procurement prices for original brands, most sold generics and lowest-priced generics in the public sector, were 11.60, 4.74 and 3, respectively. These were 83 times higher than the international reference prices; and the median price ratios of retail prices to patients for lowest priced generics in the private sector were 29.49% higher than those in the public sector. For most of the population, the medicine prices are unaffordable particularly in the islands Ndzuwani and Mwali, where many people earn less 1$ per day. The survey revealed higher procurement prices and poor availability in the public sector. Various policy adjustments could increase the availability of essential medicines and reduce their prices for the low income population.

 

Key words: Affordability, availability, Comoros, islands, prices.