The integrated approach is the new recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) for the control of neglected tropical diseases. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to implement this approach in 4 municipalities with a high prevalence of leprosy in Benin from September 2019 to August 2020.
Mobile medical consultations were organized in these municipalities following the mobilization and sensitization of the populations.
In the 4 municipalities, 6416 people were examined. The mean age was 27.3 (±19.8) years. Women represented 52.7% of people examined. Among the 6416 people examined, 1230 (19.2%) had skin conditions. The most common skin conditions were pityriasis versicolor (421 cases; 34.2%); eczema (203 cases; 16.5%); ringworm (159 cases; 12.9%); pruritus sine materia (81 cases; 6.6%); acne (62 cases; 5.0%); epidermophytia (37 cases; 3.0%); achromic nevus (35 cases; 2.8%); keloids (28 cases; 2.3%); chronic ulcers (27 cases; 2.2%) and depigmentation stigmata (24 cases; 2.0%). 8 new leprosy cases (0.7%) were detected.
This study proves the efficiency of the integrated approach in the control of NTDs with cutaneous manifestations in Benin.
Keywords: Neglected tropical disease, leprosy, skin disease, integration, disease control, Benin.