Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

Table of Content: April - June 2020; 12(2)

April 2020

Prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Northern Tanzania

Pre-eclampsia/Eclampsia has significant impact on maternal and perinatal health. Little is known about prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Tanzania. This study aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia among women who delivered at KCMC  hospital between 2000 and 2014. Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at KCMC medical birth registry....

Author(s): Frank I. Olotu, Michael J. Mahande, Jenny Renju, and Joseph Obure  

April 2020

A narrative synthesis on COVID-19 risks and concerns in developing countries: The case of Ethiopia

In this review, we addressed risk factors for the spread of COVID-19 in the perspective of developing countries, and necessary measures to be undertaken to minimize or control its consequential crisis. Databases such as MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus and websites of WHO, CDC, and ECDC were searched for relevant information and a narrative analysis approach was followed. As of April 10, 2020,...

Author(s): Tekle Airgecho Lobie, Dereje Tesfaye, and Aklilu Abrham,  

May 2020

How United States healthcare can learn from Costa Rica: A literature review

As the development and upkeep of the United States healthcare becomes increasingly debated in society, the systems in place of other successful countries provide opportunities for erudition and comparison. One country’s system which seems to be consistently overlooked despite its vast improvement to the country is Costa Rica’s universal healthcare. In this comprehensive study of the healthcare systems in...

Author(s): Riley Baker and Vincent S. Gallicchio  

May 2020

Epidemiological and demographic factors associated with diarrhoea in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Diarrhoea is a disease condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days leading to dehydration as a result of fluid and electrolyte losses. The aim of this study was to identify epidemiological factors leading to diarrhoea amongst children (0–5) years in selected hospitals in Makurdi, Benue State. An interviewer structured questionnaire was administered to...

Author(s): Samson Amali Onyilokwu, Alimi Michelle Aye, Shuaibu Gidado Adamu and Fatima Adamu Lawan  

June 2020

Risky sexual behaviors and substance use among youths in post-conflict Liberia

Sexually transmitted infections pose a public health crisis globally and in low and middle-income countries, and substance use has been linked to an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviors among youths. This work aims to explore the relationship between substance use and risky sexual behaviors among school-based youths in Liberia. An 86-question survey was developed to collect information about substance...

Author(s): Temitope Ogundare, Senait Ghebrehiwet, Benjamin L. Harris, Babawale Ojediran, Alison M. Duncan, Haniya S. Syeda, David C. Henderson,  and Christina P. C. Borba,  

June 2020

Knowledge and awareness of pregnant women on HIV and AIDS in Butwal, Nepal

This study examined knowledge and awareness regarding HIV and AIDS among pregnant women in Butwal, Nepal. Pregnant women were selected using a systematic random sampling method from the antenatal care registry at every 5th and 10th interval. Although 80% of women mentioned unprotected sexual contact as the major route of HIV transmission, only 36.7% women knew that HIV can be transmitted from the infected mothers to...

Author(s): Rudra Dahal, Khimananda Bhandari and Kamala Adhikari  

June 2020

Association of glycaemia control, age and duration of morbidity with the quality of life in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the tertiary care hospital in field practice area of Ottapalam Palakad

Diabetes is a chronic progressive endocrine disease characterized by elevation of blood glucose level. This disease is associated with decreased life expectancy; increased morbidity and diminished quality of life. The objective of the study is to assess the correlation of glycaemic control, age and duration of disease with quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  The present cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Arjit Kumar and Singh Amit Kumar  

June 2020

A study on the relationship between Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination and Covid-19 prevalence: Do other confounders warrant investigation?

The Covid-19 pandemic, which originated from Wuhan, Hubei province, China, and quickly spread to the rest of the globe is caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Preliminary data suggest a relationship between the BCG vaccine and the prevalence of Covid-19. The vaccine is used in the prevention of tuberculosis, a disease that is most prevalent in developing countries. To determine the potential protective role of Bacillus...

Author(s): Mariita, R. M. and Musila, J. M.  

June 2020

Performance of the routine health information system for epidemiological surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin

Road crashes are the leading cause of death among people aged 15 and above. The routine health information system is used to monitor common hospital illnesses, including road traffic injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate its performance in the surveillance of road traffic injuries in Benin in 2019. This was an evaluative study, based on updated guidelines from the Centre for Disease Prevention and...

Author(s): Dosten Kpozèhouen, Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Ghislain E. Sopoh, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Colette Azandjèmè and Alain Levêque  

June 2020

Supply and demand side factors influencing utilization of infant and young child feeding in Gibe District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

Although infant and young child feeding practices play an important role in reducing early childhood morbidity and mortality, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children in Ethiopia. Till date, none has addressed the supply and demand side factors that influence infant and young child feeding practices (IYCFP). This work aims to assess supply and...

Author(s): Tesfaye Feleke Gadore, Desta Erkalo Abame and Dejene Ermias Mekengo  

June 2020

Epidemiology of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France five years after implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program

In order to assess the measures involved in the control of tuberculosis in the Somme Department, France, five years after the implementation of the French National Tuberculosis Program, we found it essential to describe the precise epidemiology on this disease. All reported cases of tuberculosis between 2007 and 2011 were retrospectively included and a descriptive analysis of the incidence of the disease and...

Author(s): Pauline Kiswendsida Yanogo, Jean-Luc Schmit, Anne Sophie Fresse, Nicolas Meda and Olivier Ganry