Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

Table of Content: January 2014; 6(1)

January 2014

Implication of coliforms as a major public health problem in Nigeria

Water, the essence of life, is threatened by bacterial contamination. Coliform count is the major tool to determine the bacteriological quality of water. The determination is quite easy and informative. The different methodologies are employed depending on suitability by maximum probable number (MPN) which is the most accepted. The environment conditions like sunlight, water salinity, temperature etc. provide simple...

Author(s): Akyala Ishaku A., Olufemi Ajumobi and Adebola Olayinka

January 2014

Correlation of obesity indicies and blood pressure among non obese adults in Zaria, Northern Nigeria

Epidemiological studies from different populations have reported significant association between different anthropometric indicators and hypertension in obese adults but few data are available for the non obese adults of this study population. This study assessed the association between adiposity measures and hypertension risk and analyzed various anthropometric indices (body mass index (BMI), waist-height ratio,...

Author(s): Sharaye, K. O., Olorunshola, K. V., Ayo, J. O. and Dikki, C. E.

January 2014

Abattoir operations, waste generation and management in the Tamale metropolis: Case study of the Tamale slaughterhouse

The study was conducted to assess the rate of effluent generation and management at the Tamale abattoir. It also investigated the methods adopted in processing animal carcasses, including handling/transportation to retail centres. The investigative approach to data collection was adopted in combination with desk research and other strategies. Waste material generated was estimated based on calculations by Aniebo et al....

Author(s): J. Fearon, S. B. Mensah and V. Boateng

January 2014

First mass screening of the human population to estimate the bio-load of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in North India

Bio-load of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) was estimated in the first mass screening of human population in Mathura region of South Uttar Pradesh. 48,919 samples were collected between December, 2010 and March, 2013 from Pathology laboratories, 26,390 were screened by indigenous ELISA kit, IS900 blood and stool PCR, IS1311 PCR_RE and stool microscopy. From 23,196 serum samples screened by...

Author(s): Shoor Vir Singh, Naveen Kumar, Jagdip Singh Sohal, Ajay Vir Singh, Pravin Kumar Singh, Narottam Das Agrawal, Saurabh Gupta, Kundan Kumar Chaubey, Rajib Deb, Kuldeep Dhama and Krishna Dutta Rawat

January 2014

The use of chart review to elucidate the epidemiology of leprosy in the Mbingo leprosarium of Cameroon

The WHO introduced MDT for the treatment of leprosy in 1982 because dapsone monotherapy was life long and resistant. "The objective of this study was to determine the impact of MDT on leprosy control and its epidemiology in Mbingo leprosarium'. Patients who attended the Mbingo leprosarium from 1961 to 1998 were identified through a thorough manual review of hospital records in 2002. A structured data collection...

Author(s): Dickson Shey Nsagha, , Henri Lucien Fouanmno Kamga, Anne-Cécile ZK Bissek, Jules Clement Ngeudia Assob, Anna Longdoh Njunda, Earnest Nji Tabah, Elijah Afolabi Bamgboye, Alain Bankole O. O. Oyediran, Marie-Thérèse Ondoa Obama, Walinjum Fombad Muna, and Alfred Kongnyu Njamnshi

January 2014

Knowledge, attitude to hypertension and lifestyle habits of rural dwellers in Owerre-Nkwoji, Imo State Nigeria

Hypertension accounts for 13% of global mortality, with 25% prevalence in Nigeria. Current trends in management is lifestyle modification. Information on lifestyle habits is needed for effective intervention programe. A study was done among rural dwellers between ages 20 and 75 in Owerre- Nkwoji, Imo State, to determine their knowledge, attitude to hypertension and lifestyle habits. Information gathered would be used to...

Author(s): Osuala E. O., Oluwatosin O. Abimbola and Kadiri S.

January 2014

Prevalence of japanese encephalitis and its modulation by weather variables

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a major public health problem in India. To study the influence of climatic factors on JE, cases and the transmitting mosquito species were analysed during 2001 to 2006. To know the status of Japanese encephalitis virus activity in human population, sero-epidemiological studies were undertaken in villages of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Similarly, mosquitoes were sampled from...

Author(s): Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni, Suryanarayana Murty Upadhyayula and Arunachalam Natarajan

January 2014

Women in child-bearing age who are not currently pregnant are missed opportunities for malaria control in pregnancy: Evidence from 16 Local Government Areas of Nigeria

The health of women is not only linked to reproductive issues but also to efforts in health promotion, improved nutritional status and general well being of girls and adolescents from infancy to adulthood. The aim was to evaluate the use and non-use of long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) among women in child-bearing age in Nigeria. This survey employed cross-sectional survey to collect data from households on coverage...

Author(s): Bamgboye M. Afolabi, Bayo S. Fatunmbi, Olapeju Otsemobor and Tolulope O. Sofola