Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 610

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge, attitude to hypertension and lifestyle habits of rural dwellers in Owerre-Nkwoji, Imo State Nigeria

Osuala E. O.
  • Osuala E. O.
  • Department of Nursing Science, NnamdiAzikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oluwatosin O. Abimbola
  • Oluwatosin O. Abimbola
  • Department of Nursing, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Kadiri S.
  • Kadiri S.
  • Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 05 December 2013
  •  Published: 31 January 2014

Abstract

Hypertension accounts for 13% of global mortality, with 25% prevalence in Nigeria. Current trends in management is lifestyle modification. Information on lifestyle habits is needed for effective intervention programe. A study was done among rural dwellers between ages 20 and 75 in Owerre- Nkwoji, Imo State, to determine their knowledge, attitude to hypertension and lifestyle habits. Information gathered would be used to plan an intervention programe to increase awareness and promote healthy lifestyles. The study design is descriptive and simple random sampling method was used in selection of village for the study. An instrument used was a questionnaire with sections on background, knowledge, attitude and lifestyle habits. Descriptive and inferential analysis was done. Findings revealed awareness on hypertension as 116 (96.7%). 88 (73%) were aware of sudden death and stroke in the community. Participants with high knowledge were 32 (26.7%), average 40 (33.3%) and low 48 (40.0%). There was positive attitude to hypertension prevention. Sixty-four (53.3%) believed that hypertension can be sent by one’s enemy. Unhealthy lifestyles elicited include use of alcohol, table salt and stimulants. There is a need to correct misconceptions. Readiness for improved health was elicited. As people recognize that lifestyles and behavior significantly affect health, they may assume responsibility for avoiding high risk behaviors.

Key words: Attitude, hypertension, knowledge, lifestyle habits, rural-dwellers.