Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 655

Table of Content: September 2013; 5(9)

September 2013

Detection of Campylobacter jejuni from food and its epidemiology

Food borne campylobacteriosis is distributed all over the world. Large outbreaks have been associated with consuming raw or inadequately pasteurized milk and contaminated water.Campylobacter jejuni is not an environmental organism rather zoonotic organism. It habituates intestinal tract of a wide range of warm blooded animals. The principal route by which C. jejuni contaminates the food is through...

Author(s): Angesom Hadush, and Mahendra Pal

September 2013

Impact of double fortified salt on iron and iodine deficient school children (6 to 12 years) of rural Vadodara

Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a widespread health problem in developing countries. Double fortified salt (DFS) has been developed to combat two micronutrient deficiencies (iron and iodine) simultaneously; because, in many instances, these deficiencies co-exist. Iron component of the DFS helps to improve the hemoglobin (Hb) level. There is a simultaneous improvement in thyroperoxidase (TPO) activity and iodinated...

Author(s): Sirimavo Nair, Ruchirang Goswami, MGR Rajan and Vasudev Thakkar

September 2013

Modeling the combined effects of careless susceptible and infective immigrants on the transmission dynamics of HIV/AIDS epidemics

In this paper, a non-linear mathematical model was proposed to study the combined effect of irresponsible infectives and irresponsible susceptible immigrants on the spread of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in a variable size population. The paper discussed biological feasibility of the model and also presents the basic reproductive number of the model. Also, the equilibrium...

Author(s): Mohammed I. Daabo, Oluwole D. Makinde and Baba Seidu

September 2013

Risk factors of diarrhoea in the Mahmood Raghi district of Kapisa province Afghanistan-2010

Surveillance data claimed the presence of a diarrhoea outbreak after a flash flood swept off some villages of Mahmood Raqi district in Kapisa province. The water sources were treated with chlorine to stop the outbreak, but still no significant decrease in the incidence of diarrhoeal cases was observed. A case control study was conducted to find the risk factors of diarrhoea in the affected villages, of which...

Author(s): Jawad Mofleh, N. Muserat and N. Ziar

September 2013

Serum lipid profile and hepatic dysfunction in moderate Plasmodium falciparum infection

Plasmodium falciparum is one of four distinct species of the malaria parasite that afflicthumans and pose a threat to public health. The present study seeks to ascertain the serum lipid profile and associated hepatic dysfunction of male subjects with moderate P. falciparum infection. The patients were adults (n = 11) of 21 to 31 years old and adolescent (n = 10) of 11 to 20 years old....

Author(s): Chikezie, P. C and Okpara, R. T.

September 2013

A tool for quality improvement of field epidemiology training programs: Experience with a new scorecard approach

Field epidemiology training programs (FETP) are capacity building programs that provide applied epidemiology training to public health professionals for national public health systems, emphasizing evidence-based problem solving. FETP’s have been in existence for over 30 years and there are currently 55 programs covering 82 countries. We describe the use of a new tool that assists programs in the assessment of FETP...

Author(s): Donna Jones, Victor Caceres and Dionisio Herrera-Guibert

September 2013

Level of awareness and use of insecticide treated bed nets among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria

This was a cross sectional study designed to assess the level of awareness, ownership and use of insecticide treated bed nets (ITNs) by pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Anambra state, South Eastern Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was self administered to 700 volunteer pregnant women aged 17 to 45 years recruited during routine antenatal care in selected hospitals in the study area to capture information...

Author(s): Ukibe S. N, Mbanugo J. I., Ukibe N. R. and Ikeakor L. C.

September 2013

Race and ethnicity of mothers with Spanish surnames

The objective of this study was to assess how hospital designation of race/ethnicity based on Spanish surnames of mothers correlated with the self-report, and explores how these mothers identified their own race/ethnicity using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) categories. 235 mothers were enrolled prospectively and asked to report their race/ethnicity. Positive predictive value (PPV) of using surnames as a tool...

Author(s): Carlos R. Oliveira, Alicia Guzman, Gaynelle Hensely, Melissa H. Leps, Nancy A. Miller and Pablo J. Sánchez