Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 347

Full Length Research Paper

Serological survey of etiological agents associated with abortion in two Algerian dairy cattle breeding farms

A. Dechicha
  • A. Dechicha
  • Faculté des sciences agro-vétérinaires et biologiques, Université Saad Dahleb, Blida, Algérie.Institut des Sciences Vétérinaires, Centre Universitaire d’El Tarf, Algerie.
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S. Gharbi
  • S. Gharbi
  • Faculté des sciences agro-vétérinaires et biologiques, Université Saad Dahleb, Blida, Algérie.
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S. Kebbal
  • S. Kebbal
  • Faculté des sciences agro-vétérinaires et biologiques, Université Saad Dahleb, Blida, Algérie.
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G. Chatagnon
  • G. Chatagnon
  • Service de Pathologie de la Reproduction, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes, France.
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D. Tainturier
  • D. Tainturier
  • Service de Pathologie de la Reproduction, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes, France.
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R. Ouzrout
  • R. Ouzrout
  • Institut des Sciences Vétérinaires, Centre Universitaire d’El Tarf, Algerie.
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D. Guetarni
  • D. Guetarni
  • Faculté des sciences agro-vétérinaires et biologiques, Université Saad Dahleb, Blida, Algérie.
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  • Article Number - 07DEC7D1282
  • Vol.2(1), pp. 001-005, January 2010
  •  Accepted: 18 December 2009
  •  Published: 31 January 2010

Abstract

In Algeria, there is a lack of information about the frequency and etiology of abortions in breeding cattle. In order to improve this situation, we sent a questionnaire to veterinary practitioners, and followed it up with a serological survey on two dairy farms (A and B) that had reported abortions. The serological survey was undertaken to detect the main abortive agents with particular emphasis on Neospora caninum, a parasite presently classified as one of the most important abortive entities globally, but still ignored in our country. The results of the questionnaire showed that when an abortion occurs, no particular measure is taken by practitioners as a diagnosis of the causative agent is very difficult to achieve due to lack of resources. The serological survey showed an average positive rate of 0, 32.8, 37.5 and 50% respectively for brucellosis, neosporosis, candidiasis and bovine rhinotracheitis in both herds and a rate of 3.2, 9.6 and 29% respectively, for chlamydiasis, salmonellosis and Q fever in farm (B) alone. This preliminary study, therefore, indicates for the first time that neosporosis exists in some Algerian farms and may contribute, either individually or in association with other agents to abortions in breeding cattle.

 

Key words: Abortion, Algeria, breeding cattle, serology, Neospora caninum, livestock diseases.