Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009

JVMAH Articles in press

Serological Survey for Avian Metapneumovirus in Commercial Chickens from Different Climatic Zones in Nigeria

Article in Press

Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is an important poultry pathogen causing an acute highly contagious upper respiratory tract infection in chickens, and could result in swollen head syndrome. The disease causes significant economic losses in turkey and chicken flocks, however, its existence in the Nigerian poultry industry is not well defined. Also, the influence of weather on the prevalence of the disease is unknown. This...

Author(s):A.A. Bakre, O A. Oladele, D.O. Oluwayelu, O.O Esan

Antinociceptive, Physiologic and Biochemical Effects of Electroacupuncture Combined with Xylazine in Goats

Article in Press

To elucidate the antinociceptive, physiologic and biochemical effects of electroacupuncture (EA) withxylazine administration, 30 hybrid goats were allotted into 5 groups (6 goats per group). Goats were treated with saline solution, Electroacupuncture (EA), xylazine (0.1 or 0.3 mg/kg, IM) and EA plus xylazine (0.1mg/kg). Pain threshold,cardiopulmonary effects, rectal temperature and biochemical and hematologic parameters...

Author(s):Shah Zahir, Ahmad Shakoor , Ahmad Ijaz , Shah Taif, Haq Amanullah, Nawaz Saqib

Appraisal of Management and Biosecurity Practices on Pig farms in Makurdi, Benue State, North Central Nigeria

Article in Press

The role of biosecurity at farm level is to reduce the risk of introduction of diseases in pig farms and prevent the disease transmission between animals on farms. It is an important management practice that impacts the profitability of pig production ventures. A survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity practices in fifty farms in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria, using a structured questionnaire and assessments...

Author(s):Leo Daniel Ojabo and Moses Ukwu Enya

Anthrax outbreak in captive African lions on an animal rescue sanctuary in Harare, Zimbabwe: A case report

Article in Press

An outbreak of anthrax occurred in captive African lions (Panthera leo) on a wildlife sanctuary after they were fed beef from a carcass condemned at slaughter. Out of 9 lions at the Sanctuary, six (66.7%) developed illness typical of Bacillus. anthracis infection 48 hours post-consumption. The infection was confirmed by identification of the bacillus on methylene polychrome blue stained thin blood smears (MacFadyean...

Author(s):Norman L. Mukaratia, Kurai P. Kapondoand Davies M. Pfukenyi

Molecular Identification and Histo-pathological Characterization of Bovine Papillomatosis (Papilloma Virus) in cattle, in Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia, First report

Article in Press

Bovine papillomatosis (Wart) is one of the commonly observed and economically important skin diseases in Ethiopia, caused by a diverse group of viruses named papilloma viruses (PVs). However, no previous studies have described its status and hence, it has been misdiagnosed with other skin diseases and remained untreated. A cross-sectional study with Purposive sampling strategy was conducted to address the formulated...

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Review on Fasciolosis in domestic animals: prevalence, Epidemiology, economic and public health implications in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Fasciolosis is economically important livestock disease in Ethiopia. Besides its economic impact, it has been a public health concern around the world including Ethiopia. In this review, different published research articles regarding fasciolosis in animals and its economic impact in Ethiopia were rev iewed. Articles focusing on the epidemiology and public health impact of the infection were also evaluated with the...

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Antiviral activities of ellagitannins against bovine herpesvirus1, suid alphaherpesvirus 1 and caprine herpesvirus 1

Article in Press

The work is in the field of experimental chemotherapy of viral infections. In vitro aAntiviral activity in vitro of three ellagitannins - castalagin, vescalagin and grandinin, were investigated against replication of three of the most common herpesvirusesherpes viruses infecting animals, namely bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), suid alphaherpesvirus 1 (SuHV-1), and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1). The cytopathic effect...

Author(s):Neli Vilhelmova-Ilievaa, Ivo Sirakovb, Remi Jacquetc, Stephane Quideauc, Angel S. Galabov

Survey on Gastro - intestinal Parasite Infection in One Humped Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Al-Butana Area, River Nile State, Sudan

Article in Press

A cross–sectional study was conducted in August to September (2018) to determine the prevalence of gastro - intestinal parasites of camel and associated risk factors such as age groups, sex, breed, health status and water sources in Al-Butana Area in River Nile State, Sudan. A total of 148 camels were sampled according to non–probability multi - stage cluster sampling method (location, herd, camel). Faecals samples...

Author(s):Mona Abdallah Hamed and Atif Elamin Abdelgadir

Descriptive Study on the Occurrence of Parasitic Diseases with Emphasis to Bovine Babesiosis in Khartoum State, Sudan

Article in Press

The study was planned to investigate parasitic infections with emphasis to bovine babesiosis using active and passive survey in Khartoum State. Retrospective study was done using records in Veterinary Hospitals in order to evaluate the presence of the parasitic infections in cattle (2010, 2011and 2012). A convenience sampling method was used for that goal. The main results revealed that a high prevalence of 16.18% (33/204)...

Author(s):Bedoor Mohammed Ali; Afrah Mahmoud Abusara and Atif Elamin Abdelgadir

Prevalence and associated risk factors of calf coccidiosis in and around Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia

Article in Press

Coccidiosis is the most common and an economically important apicomplexans protozoan disease that leads to significant morbidity and mortality in animals worldwide. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to March 2018 with the aim of determining the prevalence and associated risk factors of Eimeria infection in calves aged less than one year in urban and peri urban areas of Gondar town of Amhara region,...

Author(s):Yismaw Alemie and Misgana Duguma

Seroprevalence of Bluetongue Virus Antibodies in Ovine and Caprine in Maji District ofWestern Omo Zone, South Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

Bluetongue (BT) disease is an arthropod-transmitted viral disease of domestic and wild ruminant species caused by Bluetongue virus (BTV). It is of most importance in sheep and endemic primarily in the tropical and subtropical regions where vectors (Culicoides species) are present. A cross-sectional study was conducted July-November 2019 to examine the sero-prevalence of BTV infection. Serum samples were examined for the...

Author(s):Tamirat Haile, Mulugeta Abera, Tsegaye Teklemariam,Demeke Sibhatu, Fasil Akililu

Growth performance and rumen fermentation characteristics of West African Dwarf bucks fed dietary Cochlospermum planchonii rhizome

Article in Press

A study was conducted to investigate the optimum inclusion level of Cochlospermum planchonii in diets of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Twenty five (25) WAD bucks aged 6 - 8 months and assigned to five treatments (T1- T5) of five goats each were used. Goats in T1were given normal diet and served as the control, while those in T2, T3, T4 and T5 were respectively given diets with inclusion levels of 5, 10, 20 and 40 % C....

Author(s):Lins Iorundu Mhomga, Chukwunyere Okwudili Nwosu and Benjamin Nwabueze Marire

PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF MAJOR GASTRO INTESTINAL NEMATODE PARASITES OF PIGS IN KOLFE KERANIYO SUBCITY, ADDIS ABABA

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode parasites of pigs and associated risk factors in a total of 384 pigs from privately owned intensive farm in kolfe keraniyo subcity, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A simple random sampling technique was used for selecting the sample unit and chi-square test was used to determine the...

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Study on bovine mastitis under different management in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of bovine mastitis, associated potential risk factors and major etiological agents of clinical and sub clinical mastitis under different management condition of pastoral, agro-pastoral, ranch and farm by using California mastitis test and bacteriology. A total of 384 lactating Boran cows in Did-tuyura ranch, Yabello Pastoral and dryland agriculture research...

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Comparative Pathology and Molecular Typing of Mycobacteria Isolated from lesioned tissues in State Dairy Farms, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

BTB is a chronic infectious disease of animals characterized by the formation of specific granulomatous lesions or tubercles in tissues and organs. It is caused predominantly by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) by slowly growing non photochromogenic bacilli members of the M.tuberculosis complex. Comparative tuberculin test positive dairy cattle were subjected to postmortem examination to characterize the severity of...

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Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle in selected areas of Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Gastrointestinal nematode are among the major health problem which resulted in the reduction of production and productivity of cattle. A cross section study design was carried out for the determination of the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode of cattle in Hawassa, Ethiopia from November, 2017 to February, 2018 to investigate the main risk factors influencing the prevalence and worm load infection of cattle. A total...

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Farmers’ knowledge, attitude and practice about bovine mastitis in Khartoum state, Sudan

Article in Press

In this study the total of 50 farms were tested in Khartoum province for hygiene and awareness of mastitis. All types of cows found it in different farms were suffered from mastitis (Frisian and cross breed between local breed and Frisian).The level of education was range between illiterate to university. The hygiene in most farms was very poor and most cows at these farms were suffered from mastitis. The application...

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PREVALENCE OF CAMEL TRYPANOSOMOSIS AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS IN ARERO DISTRICT, BORENA ZONE, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of camel trypanosomosis and assesses its associated risk factors in Arero district, Borena Zone, Oromia region, southern Ethiopia from November 2015 to March 2016. Blood samples were collected from randomly selected 385 camels. Giemsa-stained blood smears and Buffy coat technique were used for the detection of Trypanosomes infection. Out of 385 examined...

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The Prevalence of small ruminant Trypanosomiasis in Oofa district, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study was conducted in three PAS of Oofa district Wolaita zone /southern Ethiopia, from November to April, to determine the prevalence of trypanosomosis in small ruminants. Blood samples were collected from 384 randomly selected local Sheep (139) and goats (245) of different sex and age groups. The collected blood samples were examined by conventional hematological and parasitological techniques....

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Prevalence rate and antibiotic susceptibility of salmonella isolates from meat swabs in Addis Ababa and Debrezeit, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2015 to march 2016 to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of salmonella isolates in Addis Ababa and Debrezeit abattoir, Ethiopia. Swab samples were collected from a total of 288 meat samples (72 bovine, 72 ovine, 72 caprine and 72 chickens) from abattoirs and were subjected to microbiological examination. Based on the microbiological examination...

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Prevalence of Bovine Anemia associated with Trypanosomosis: in local breed cattle's of Sokoru District, Ethiopia

Article in Press

In tropical Africa, protozoan parasites cause several diseases of social and economic importance. Among protozoan parasites, trypanosomosis is one of the most devastating zoonotic diseases caused by infection with trypanosomes, which are transmitted primarily by tsetse flies and other hematophagous flies to human, domestic animals and wildlife. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Bovine...

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The High distribution of goat abortion in Tanqua Abergelle districts, Tigray regional state, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A questionnaire and serological survey was conducted to estimate the epidemiological distribution of brucellosis in goat in Tanqua Abergelle districts. According to the questionnaire survey, high rate of goat abortion (89.7%) was observed during the study year. The pregnancy stage of high risk of occurrence of abortion was during the third trimester (37.9%), followed by during first and third trimesters (27.5%). The...

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Haematological Parameters of Balami Sheep (Ovis aries) at Sokoto Modern Abattoir before Slaughter

Article in Press

The importance of determination of haematology reference values cannot be overemphasized as the changes in some of the blood cell parameters are of clinical importance. This study evaluated the haematology reference values in apparently healthy Nigerian Balami Sheep and determined the influence of sex on the haematological parameters. A total of 200 apparently healthy sheep consisting of 100 males (rams) and 100 females...

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Prevalence and direct financial losses associated with Bovine Hydatidosis in Durame municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study aimed at determining the prevalence, cyst characteristics and estimating the financial loss due to cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in cattle slaughtered at Durame municipal abattoir was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016. Postmortem examination was carried out on 400 Cattles were randomly Selected and slaughtered at the abattoir through visual inspection, palpation and incision...

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Diversity and Prevalence of Ixodid Tick Species in Small Ruminants in Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia

Article in Press

A study was conducted on systematically selected 384 small ruminants in Sodo Zuria and Humbo districts of Wolaita zone to determine the prevalence and to identify tick species. Ticks were collected from different parts of the ruminants’ body and identified to species level. They were distributed on ano-vulva, ear, head, leg, groin-prepuce and scrotum, and tail of the studied animals. The overall tick prevalence of small...

Author(s):Solomon Mosu, Asfaw Ayuta, Yonas Gizaw

Study on prevalence and associated risk factors of poultry coccidiosis in and around alage Atvet College, Southwestern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to March 2017 in and around Alage Agricultural Technical Vocational Education Technical CollegeAlage (ATVET), southwestern Ethiopia, with the objective of determining the prevalence of poultry coccidiosis and its associated risk factors in intensively and backyard managed chickens. Fresh fecal samples were collected from a total of 451 chickens by systematic random...

Author(s):Nigussu Fasil Kedesegne and Eshetu Ketema

Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Awuradda Abattior, Decha Woreda of Kaffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis by postmortem examination of 384 slaughtered animals in Awuradda municipal abattoir, southern nation nationalities peoples regional states from December 2016 to June, 2017. Out of 384 livers examined, 73 (19%) cattle were positive for fasciolosis. Species identification revealed that Fasciola hepatica was more...

Author(s):Fentaye Kassa, Birhanu Haile, Gedafaw Demewez

Isolation of pathogenic bacteria causing mastitis from sub-clinically infected crossbreed dairy cows in Sebeta town, Oromia regional state, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

The flourishing market oriented dairy farms in urban setups in Ethiopia are constrained by mastitis. In Ethiopia, a number of studies have shown a range of bacterial pathogens causing mastitis as dominant pathogenic species. This survey was designed to estimate the prevalence and identify the major bacterial pathogens involved in sub clinical mastitis in and around Sebeta area. To this end, 130 crossbred lactating dairy...

Author(s):Melaku Sombo, Kelay Belihu, Tesfaye Rufael, Kassahun Asmare and Kumela Lelisa

Sero-prevalence of foot and mouth disease virus infection in pigs in gboko and Makurdi Local gGovernment areas of Benue state, Nigeria.

Article in Press

In this work, seroprevalence and destribution of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) in pig population in Gboko and Makurdi local government areas of Benue state, Nigeria, was investigated using the PRIOCHECK FMDV- 3ABC non-structural proteins ELISA (NSP-ELISA). This ELISA test was capable of discriminating between antibodies induced by the field virus and those induced in response to vaccination. The results showed that...

Author(s):Ibu Okpabi John, Yiltawe Wungak, Eson Anzaku, Didacus Eze, Emmanuel Chukwudi Okwor

Identification, Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Bovine Ixodid Ticks Infections in and around Jimma Town, Southwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 to determining the prevalence of tick infestation, to identify the common tick species in cattle and to assess the major risk factors associated with the occurrence of tick species in and around Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia. Out of 384 cattle examined, 276(71.90%) were infested by one or more tick species. Overall, 1468 adult ticks were collected...

Author(s):Tekle Faltamo, Fethu Lemma, Karthik Kaliaperumal and Tegegn Dilbato

Growth performance of broilers fed Moringa oleifera supplemented feed following challenged with a very virulent infectious bursal disease virus

Article in Press

A study was conducted to assess the growth performance of broiler chickens fed Moringa oleifera leaf (MOL)feed supplement and challenged with a very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV).Two hundred and forty day-old Ross 308 hybrid broiler chicks were randomly assigned into groups A, B, C and D of 60 chicks eachandwere raised in deep litter housing. Broiler starter (BS) and broiler finisher (BF) mash were...

Author(s):A.G Balami , J.J Ndahi, J.J Gadzama , S.J Enam P.A Abdu, A.M Wakawa, and T Aluwong

Effect of unilateral nephrectomy on kidney function in feral domestic Cats (Felis catus)

Article in Press

This experimental study was conducted to determine the effect of unilateral nephrectomy on kidney function through hematological and urological values after surgery using feral domestic cats. Four (4) apparently healthy stray male cats were caught and used as experimental animals in this study. The animals were grouped into two (2) with two cats in each group. Grouping of the animals was based according to age, the 1st...

Author(s): Estopa Dionesio

Study of hoof lesions in equids at debre Zeit, East Shoa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of hoof lesion in different species of equines in Debre Zeit donkey health and welfare project (DHWP) and society for the protection of animals abroad (SPANA) clinics from November, 2009 to April, 2010. A total of 1020 equines (355 horses, 619 donkeys and 46 mules), which visited DHWP and SPANA clinics have been examined to assess...

Author(s):Abayneh Edget

Seroprevalence study of brucellosis in small ruminantsin jibatdistrict of West Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State.

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis and associated risk factors in small ruminants in Jibat district of west shoa zone. Small ruminants were selected randomly, from purposively selected district. A total 308 blood samples were collected from local breeds of sheep and goats and serum samples from these animals were initially screened by Rose...

Author(s):Tadesse Endebu Tujo

PREVALENCE OF EXTERNAL INJURIES IN WORKING DONKEYS IN AND AROUND MEKELLE, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

The study conducted from November 2007-April 2008 in and around Mekelle, to determine the magnitude of external injuries in donkeys revealed 39.64 %overall prevalence of injuries from 978 randomly selected donkeys. There was a significant variation between two veterinary clinics (x2=11.23, P

Author(s):Tolesa Garoma

Seroepidemology of Bovine Brucellosis in Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center, and Its Surroundings in Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Wollega University Horro Guduru Animal Production and Research Center and its surrounding, of Western Ethiopia to estimate the seroprevelence of bovine brucellosis and its associated risk factors from December 2017 to March 2018. A total of 812 cattle from three stations (districts) were randomly selected for serology and questionery surveys from 102 respondents were collected using...

Author(s):Tolesa Garoma and Bedaso Mamo

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME VIRAL DISEASES OF POULTRY REPORTED IN SELECTED VETERINARY CLINICS IN JOS, PLATEAU STATE

Article in Press

A four year (2008-2011) retrospective study of the prevalence of some viral diseases of poultry diagnosed in selected Veterinary clinics in Jos was conducted. A prevalence of 3.0%, 5.7%, and 12.6% (out of a total of 14, 644 cases of poultry diseases) for Newcastle disease (ND), Infectious bursa disease (IBD) and Neoplastic viral diseases (NVD) of poultry respectively were recorded. The prevalence of IBD increased steadily...

Author(s):Bata, S. I., Ogbu, K. I., Abdullateef, H., Agwu, E.,Chindo, A., Udokainyang, A. D., Manasseh, L. N., Abba, M. and Obalisa, A

STUDY ON TICK INFESTATION IN CATTLE COME TO DODOLA VETERINARY CLINIC,WEST ARSI, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE

Article in Press

A cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2015 to March 2016 at Dodola in Oromia Regional state to identify the major tick species of cattle and to determine the tick burden and as well as to asses possible risk factors that might be associated with cattle infestation. A total of 400 cattle were selected. Adult ticks were collected from nine half-body regions of cattle into universal sampling bottle containing...

Author(s):Mohammed Ahmed Adem and Musa Shamo Nuunaa

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and apparent vector density in HumboDistrict, Southern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 in Humbo District, Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia with the aim to examine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis, recoongnize the most common species of trypanosomes and to study the density of tsetse flies in the area. In the studied villages, blood samples taken from 310 cattle selected randomly were analyzed using standard parasitological methods...

Author(s):Nahom BelayBekelea, Yifat Denbarga Gebrekidana

WELFARE ASSESSMENT AND RELATED HEALTH PROBLEMS OF WORKING EQUINES IN KAMBA WOREDA, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

A cross-sectional type of study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives to assess welfare issues and associated risk factors compromising welfare concerns of equines health in Kamba Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. The study implemented both direct (animal based) and indirect (owner interview) assessment methods for welfare assessment. Out of 386 equines examined in the study16.6%, 16.6%, and 88.8%...

Author(s):Mandefot Meaza, Dereje Debalke and Tadele Gashaw

The Prevalence of Fasciolosis in Small Ruminants in and around Mekelle, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted in sheep and goats to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis in and around Mekelle, Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia. Faecal sample collected from a total of 412 small ruminants comprising of 259 sheep and 153 goats were examined by using the sedimentation technique to find out the eggs of Fasciola species. Out of the total, 412 examined faecal samples 67 were found positive for...

Author(s):Abebe Asnake, Berhe Mekonnen Mengistu, Mu’uz Gebru, Habtom Kiros bitsue

Peste des Petits Ruminants: Seropositivity and Associated Risk Factors in Goats and Camel in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Despite its endemicity and economic significance in Ethiopia, there was no sero-surveillance report of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Bale Zone. With this regard the study was conducted in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu districts of Bale zone with the objectives of determining the seroprevalence of PPR and associated risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to May 2017 on weaned goat and camel...

Author(s):Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassiea, Minda Asfawb, Aynalem Teshomea

Outbreak Based Serotype Identification and Molecular Detection of Circulating FMD Virus Serotypes at Adea berga Dairy Farm, Central High Land of Ethiopia

Article in Press

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a transmissible viral infection of cloven hooved animals associated with severe economic losses due to morbidity, mortality, and milk loss and trade restrictions. Outbreak investigation and cross-sectional study were conducted from September 2016 to April 2017 with the objectives of serotype identification and molecular detection from outbreak cases at Adea berga dairy farm in Adea berga...

Author(s):Beksisa Urge, Fufa Dawo , Daniel Gizaw

MAJOR CAUSES OF ORGANS AND CARCASSES CONDEMNATION AND THEIR FINANCIAL LOSSES IN CATTLE SLAUGHTERED AT SULULTA ABATTOIR ENTERPRISE, ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

The study was carried out from November 2017 to April 2018 on cattle slaughtered at Sululta abattoir to identify major causes of organs and carcass condemnation and to estimate the amount of direct economic losses. The study design was cross sectional and by using a systematic random sampling. Three hundred eight four cattle were selected for study. Both ante mortem and post mortem examination were employed. The ante...

Author(s):Yale let Worku Wodegebrieland Ephrem Teshome Mesfin

Prevalence and associated risk factors of ophthalmic problems of working donkeys in Mekelle Town, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of ophthalmic problems of working donkeys in Mekelle town, Northern Ethiopia. Out of the total 384 examined, 181 were found to be positive for ophthalmic problems with an overall prevalence of 47.14 per cent. In this study, a statistical significant difference (P10 years and 6-10 were 3.34 (OR=3.34; 95% CI: 2.002, 5.578) and 2.01...

Author(s):Teklay Kidanu, Yohannes Hagos, Habtom Kiros Bitsue, Hagos Yihdego, Berhe Mekonnen Mengistu, Netsanet Berhe

Multidrug-resistant enterobacteria colonizes commercial day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria

Article in Press

Day-old chicks are important source of introduction of multidrug-resistant enterobacteria in broiler production chain. This study was conducted to isolate generic enterobacteria from day-old broiler chicks in Nigeria, and to determine the antibacterial resistance profile. The birds were sourced from 5 purposively-selected hatcheries identified as “A”, “B”, “C”, “D” and “E” in Southwest Nigeria. Non-duplicate cloacal swabs...

Author(s):Obianuju Nkiruka Okoroafora, Madubuike Umunna Anyanwub, Emmanuel Onyeka Nwafora, George Nnamdi Anosaa, Rita Ijeoma Udegbunamc

WELFARE PROBLEMS OF WORKING DONKEYS IN ARBAMINCH AND SODO TOWNS, SOUTHERN-WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted out from November 2017 to April 2018 with the objectives of assessing welfare problems and determining risk factors on cart pulling donkeys in Arbaminch and Sodo towns, Southern Ethiopia. Both direct methods, based on observation of animals, and indirect methods, interviews of the owners which indicates the resource bases, were used to collect data. A total of 384 randomly selected...

Author(s):Bereket Molla Tanga, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Yebelayhun Mulugeta

Major Causes of Organ and Carcass Condemnation in Cattle Slaughtered at Bahir Dar Municipality Abattoir, North West Ethiopia

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2010 to March 2011 in Bahir Dar municipality abattoir, Northwest Ethiopia to identify the major causes of organ and carcass condemnations and to estimate the direct economic losses. A total of 413 cattle were taken for antemortem and postmortem examination. During the antemortem examination of 413 cattle destined for slaughter, rough hair coat (2%) and tick infestation...

Author(s):Chemere Ayenew, AregaTafere, Ayichew Teshale

A COMPARISON ON AND PROGRESSION OF DENTAL DISEASE IN THREE AGE GROUPS OF CAPTIVE AND FREE GRAZING CEPHALOPHUS NIGER IN WET AND DRY SEASONS- CONTRIBUTORY IMPACTS OF DEFICIENT DIET AND EXTREME WEATHER

Article in Press

Purpose-The study aims to assess the contributory and predisposing effects of prolonged drought and climate phenomenon on occurrence of dental abnormalities among three age group categories of Cephalophus niger. Methods- This inquiry utilized a population cohort study comprising of 18 females and males for a period of three years in a continuum. Each group consisted of (eight) 0-10 months old kids (4 males and females),...

Author(s):Samuel O.M, Femi-Akinlosotu O.M, Usende, L.I

Study on ruminal and reticular foreign body in slaughtered cattle at Dessie municipal abattoir, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2016 to April, 2017 on 396 cattle at Dessie Municipal Abattoir, with the objectives to determine the prevalence and type of indigestible foreign body in rumen and reticulum of cattle in association with hypothetical risk factors. Simple random sampling technique was used for selecting the study animals which were ruminants brought from various localities to abattoir. 59...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tintagu Gizaw, Huzeyifa Shawol, Bethelehem Alemu Minalu, Yalew Tefera and Ali Selamawi Fantahun

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