African animal trypanosomosis is a disease transmitted by tsetse flies and tabanid to domestic mammals which seriously affects their health status and considerably reduces their productivity. This study proposes to make a synthesis on the bovine trypanosomosis and the various works undertaken in Benin country from 1960 to 2018. After general information on bovine trypanosomosis, the various vectorial agents responsible for the disease are explained. The inventory of fixtures of the pathology since 1960 to 2018 followed by the measures and means of control will be detailed. Then, a point on the state of the trypanosome’s chemotherapy -resistance facing circulating drug and of the approaches of solutions and the convincing alternatives will be developed. Finally, a study of the impact of transhumance transmission in the maintenance of bovine trypanosomosis supported by the management of conflicts is exposed. The chemotherapy-resistance of the trypanosomes being a true problem affecting the control of the disease, then it is urgent to find endogenous solutions that are reliable through the valorization of medicinal herbs for an effective control of bovine trypanosomosis in Benin. The present work opens a perspective on the definition of innovative alternatives to fight against the bovine trypanosomosis as well as tackle the chemotherapy-resistance against circulating Trypanosoma spp.
Key words: Alternatives, chemotherapy, drug, resistance, Trypanosoma spp, Bénin.
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