Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 330

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in Asella organized dairy farm, Oromia Regional State, South East Ethiopia

Eyob Eticha
  • Eyob Eticha
  • Asella Regional Veterinary Laboratory, Asella, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Hani Solomon
  • Hani Solomon
  • Arsi University School of Agricultural and Environmental Science, Asella, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Diriba Lemma
  • Diriba Lemma
  • Asella Regional Veterinary Laboratory, Asella, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Birhanu Abera
  • Birhanu Abera
  • Asella Regional Veterinary Laboratory, Asella, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 07 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 24 March 2018
  •  Published: 31 October 2018

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted on organized Dairy Farm at Asella, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia to determine seroprevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in May, 2016. A total of 304 samples were collected; all were tested and confirmed serologically using Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Out of 304 samples tested, overall seroprevalence of RBPT and CFT results was12.48% (38) and 9.87% (30) respectively, which was higher in animals above two years age than younger one. History of abortion and retained fetal membrane were found to be significantly (p<0.05) associated with occurrence of bovine brucellosis. A statistically not significant difference (p >0.05) was observed between cross and local dairy cattle. The result showed the high prevalence of bovine brucellosis in the farm. Hence, culling of the positive dairy cattle and practicing good management should result in a control and prevent of the brucellosis.

Key words: Asella, brucellosis, dairy cattle, seroprevalence, risk factors.