Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 386

Full Length Research Paper

Epidemiological studies of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in ruminants in Jakiri, Bui Division, North West Region of Cameroon

Ntonifor H. N.
  • Ntonifor H. N.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Bamenda, North West Region, Cameroon.
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Shei S. J.
  • Shei S. J.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Bamenda, North West Region, Cameroon.
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Ndaleh N. W.
  • Ndaleh N. W.
  • Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P. O. Box 63, Buea, South West Region, Cameroon.
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Mbunkur G. N.
  • Mbunkur G. N.
  • Ministry of Fisheries and Animal Husbandry, Yaounde, Cameroon.
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  •  Accepted: 04 November 2013
  •  Published: 31 December 2013

Abstract

Goats recorded the highest (90.4%) prevalence of GIT parasites, followed by sheep (73.1%), and the least prevalence was observed in cattle (56.7%). Concerning the various management techniques, prevalence of GIT parasites were higher in tethered animals (88.1%) followed by free range grazing animals (60.9%). Animals confined in paddocks had the least prevalence (45.5%). Eimeria species recorded the highest prevalence (20.9%) among the various species of parasites encountered during the study in cattle, Trichostrongylus species and Eimeria spp. in sheep (28.8%) while the highest prevalence in goats was Trichostrongylus spp. (55.8). Mixed infections of Trichostrongylus spp., Eimeria spp. and Haemonhus species were most prevalent in all the animal species. The prevalences of Fasciola species and Moneiza species were significantly low in all the three animal groups in the study area. Adults were more infected compared to young stock animals (lambs and kids). This work provides an important step to minimize economic losses in ruminants by providing information that will help farmers practice the right traditional management techniques.

Key words: Gastrointestinal parasites, ruminants, prevalence, management systems, Jakiri, Cameroon.