Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 412

Review

Epidemiology of African Tick-Bite Fever (Rickettsia africae) in Uganda

Jesca Nakayima
  • Jesca Nakayima
  • National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI), P. O. Box 5704, Nakyesasa, Wakiso, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Celsus Sente
  • Celsus Sente
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio-security (COVAB), Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062 Kampala, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 12 July 2023
  •  Accepted: 16 August 2023
  •  Published: 31 October 2023

Abstract

African tick-bite fever is a rickettsial illness that has recently emerged as a significant disease among international travelers. This tick-borne zoonosis is transmitted by Amblyomma ticks, which is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the eastern Caribbean. Uganda is a major tourism destination with plenty of natural environments visited by tourists. In addition to tourists, the Ugandan population could also be at risk since the greater majority of Ugandans are rural based and dependent on agriculture.  The disease could be misdiagnosed at health care centers since it is not a priority.

Key words: African tick-bite fever, Rickettsia africae, spotted fever group rickettsiosis, zoonosis, Uganda.