Cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of honeybee disease (Nosema and Amoeba) and pest small hive beetle in and around Bonga district in S.N.N.P.R. from December to March 2018/2019. Successful beekeeping requires regular and on time monitoring of any factors that endangers honeybee life and threaten their products. Apart from identifying the occurrences and distributions of endangering factors, regular monitoring helps to think on devising prevention and control mechanisms. To this fact, series of field diagnostic surveys and laboratory analysis works has been conducted to identify and characterize honeybee diseases and pests associated with local honeybee of Ethiopia. For this study three districts were selected using purposive sampling technique based on the potential of beekeeping production and access to transport. From each district 128 bee colonies are selected from different apiaries from these 209 transitional; 101 traditional and 71 hives were managed under modern hive. Out of 384 samples overall prevalence of small hive beetle, Nosema diseases and amoeba diseases, were 39%, 45.3%, and 40.3per cent,% respectively. There was statistically significant (p<0.05) variation in overall prevalence of Nosema disease and amoeba disease between hive type and agro-ecologies. Agro ecological zones and types of hives were identified as risk factors for occurrence of honeybee pest and diseases.
Keywords: agro ecology, Bonga, hive, prevalence, risk factors