Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 348

Full Length Research Paper

The effects of different growth promoters on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens

Razieh Mokhtari
  • Razieh Mokhtari
  • Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.
  • Google Scholar
Ahmadreza Yazdani
  • Ahmadreza Yazdani
  • Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.
  • Google Scholar
Hamed Kashfi*
  • Hamed Kashfi*
  • Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 02 May 2015
  •  Accepted: 11 June 2015
  •  Published: 31 August 2015

References

Adams C (1999). Poultry and dietary acids. Feed Int. 20(19):1370-1372.
 
Awad WA, Ghareeb K, Nitsch S, Pasteiner S, Abdel R, Bohm J (2008). Effects of dietary inclusion of prebiotic, probiotic and symbiotic on the intestinal glucose absorption of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 7(7):1682-1695.
Crossref
 
Barrow PA (1992). Probiotics for chickens, in: R. FULLER (Ed.) Probiotics: The Scientific Basis. (Chapman and Hall, London). pp. 255- 257.
Crossref
 
Bedford M (2000). Removal of antibiotic growth promoters from poultry diets: implications and strategies to minimize subsequent problems. World's Poult. Sci. J. 56:347-365.
Crossref
 
Biggs P, Parsons CM, Fahey GC (2007). Effects of Several Oligosaccharides on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility's, and Caecal Microbial Populations in Young Chicks. Poult. Sci. 86:2327-2336.
Crossref
 
Bunyan JL, Jeferies J, Sayers R, Gulliver AL, Colemon K (1997). Antimicrobial substances and chick growth promotion: The growth promoting activities of antimicrobial substances included fifty two used either in therapy or as dietary additives. Br. Poult. Sci. 18:283-294.
Crossref
 
Cavazzoni V, Adami A, Castrovilli C (1998). Performance of broiler chickens Clostridium population in young broiler chickens after administration of a probiotic mixture. Commun. Agric. Appl. Biol. Sci. 69:5-13.
 
Cho JH, Chen YJ, Min BJ, Kim HJ, Kwon OS, Asamer A (2006). Effects of essential oils supplementation on growth performance, IgG concentration and fefal noxious gas concentration of weaned pigs. Asian-Australian J. Anim. Sci. 19:80-85.
 
Cole CB, Fullei R, Newport MJ (1987). The effect of diluted yogurt on the gut microbiology and growth of piglets. Food Microbiol. 4:83-85.
Crossref
 
Cowan MM (1999). Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 12:564-582.
Pubmed
 
Cummings JH, Macfarlane GT (2002). Gastrointestinal effects of Prebiotics. Br. J. Nutr. Suppl 2:145-151.
Crossref
 
Decroos K, Vercauteren T, Werquin G, Verstraete W (2004). Repression of polysaccharides, as alternatives for an antibiotic, on growth performance of broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 45:684-694.
Crossref
 
Denli M, Celik K, Okan F (2003). Comparative effect of feeding diets containing flavomycin, bioteksin-L and dry yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on broiler performance. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 23:139-144.
Crossref
 
Droleskey RE, Oyofo BA, Hargis BM, Corrier DE, Deloach JR (1994). Effect of mannose on Salmonella typhimurium-mediated loss of mucosal epithelial integrity in cultured chick intestinal segments. Avian Dis. 38:275-281.
Crossref
 
Etuk EA, Agom MA, Idong IC (2007). Resource use efficiency of broiler enterprises in cross river state, south eastern Nigeria. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 6:23-26.
Crossref
 
Fritts CA, Kersey JH, Motl MA, Kroger EC, Yan F, Si J, Jiang Q, Compos MM, Waldroup AL, Waldroup PW (2000). Bacillus subtilis C- 3102 (calsporin) improves live performance and microbiological status of broiler chicken. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 9:149- 155.
Crossref
 
Gao Y, Shan AS (2004). Effects of different oligosaccharides on performance and availability of nutrients in broilers. J. Northeast Agric. University. 11:37-41.
 
Gibson GR, Roberfroid M (1995). Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: introducing the concept of prebiotics. J. Nutr. 125:1401-1412.
Pubmed
 
Gue FC, Williams BA, Kwakke RP, Li XP, Li JY, Luo WK, Verstegen MW (2004). Effect of mushroom and herb polysaccharides, as alternatives for antibiotic, on the cecal microbial ecosystem in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 83:175-182.
Crossref
 
Huang RL, Yin YL, Li MX (2007). Dietary oligochitosan supplementation enhances immune status of broilers. J. Sci. Food Agric. 87:153-159.
Crossref
 
Iji PA, Saki AA, Tivey DR (2001). Intestinal structure and function of broiler chickens on diets supplemented with a man none oligosaccharide. J. Sci. Food Agric. 81:1186-1192.
Crossref
 
Jiang HQ, Gong LM, Ma YX, He YH, Li DF, Zhai HX (2006). Effect of stachyose supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and caecal fermentation characteristics in broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 47:516-522.
Crossref
 
Jin LZ, Ho YW, Abdullah N, Jalaludin S (1998). Growth performance, intestinal microbial populations and serum cholesterol of broilers diets containing Lactobacillus cultures. J. Poult. Sci. 77:1259-1265.
Crossref
 
Klasing KC, Laurin DE, Peng RK, Fry M (1987). Immunologically mediated growth depression in chicks: influence of feed intake, corticosterone and interleukin-1. J. Nutr. 117:1629-1637.
Pubmed
 
Liong MT, shah NP (2006). Effects of a Lactobacillus casei Synbiotic on Serum Lipoprotein, Intestinal Microflora, and Organic Acids in Rats. J. Dairy Sci. 89:1390-1399.
Crossref
 
Milligan JL, Wilke HL, Bathke M (1995). Arsonic acid in commercial broiler rations. Poult. Sci. 34:794-799.
Crossref
 
Modir saneiey M, Kiaiey SM, Farrokhvey M (2001). Comparison of antibiotic and probiotic addition as growth promoters in broiler diets on production performance of broilers. J. Vet. Med. Tehran University. 1(57):61-66
 
Mountzouris KC, Tsirtsikos P, Kalamara E, Nitsch S, Schatzmayr G, Fegeros K (2007). Evaluation of the efficacy of a probiotic containing Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Enterococcus, and Pediococcus Strains in promoting broiler performance and modulating caecal microflora composition and metabolic activities. Poult. Sci. 86:309-317.
Crossref
 
Murry AC, Hinton AJ, Buhr RJ (2006). Effect of botanical probiotic containing Lactobacilli on growth performance and populations of bacteria in the ceca, cloaca, and carcass rinse of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 5:344-350.
Crossref
 
Neish AS (2002). The gut microflora and intestinal epithelial cells: A continuing dialogue. Microbes and Infect. 4:309-317.
Crossref
 
Panda AK, Reddy MR, Ramarao SV, Raju M, Praharaj NK (2000). Growth, carcass characteristics, immunocompetence and response to Escherichia coli of broilers fed diets with various levels of probiotic. Archive für Geflügelkunde. 64:152-156.
 
Pangasa A, Singla LD (2007). Effect of coccidiostats and immunomodulators on haematology of Eimeria tenella infected broilers. Indian Vet. J. 84:1131-1134.
 
Pangasa A, Singla LD Ashuma (2007). Biochemical alterations in chicken during Eimeria tenella infection medicated with coccidiostats and immunomodulator. Indian J. Field Vet. 3(2):06-10.
 
Patterson JA, Burkholder KM (2003). Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production. Poult. Sci. 82:627-631.
Crossref
 
Pelica K, Medens AA, Pizzolante CC, Komiyma CM (2004). Probiotic and prebioyic utilization in diets for free-range broiler chicken. Brazilian J. Poult. Sci. 6(2):99-104.
 
Reid G, Friendship R (2002). Alternative to antibiotics use: probiotic for the gut. Anim. Biotechnol. 13:97-112.
Crossref
 
SAS Institute (1996). SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 6th Edition. SAS Institute, Gary, NC, USA.
 
Shane S (2005). Antibiotic alternatives in turkey production. World Poult. 19:14-15.
 
Singla LD, Pangasa A, Juyal PD (2007). Caecal coccidiosis: efficacy of ayurvedic and allopathic coccidiostats in immunomodulated broiler chicks. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference of the Association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine held from August 19-22, 2007 at Montpellier, France, pp 89-93.
 
Sirvydis VH, Bobiniene R, Priudokiene V, Vilinius D (2003). Phytobiotics add value to broiler feed. World Poultry.Vol, 19:16-17.
 
Snel J, Harmsen HJM, VanDeWielen PWJJ, Williams BA (2002). Dietary supplemented with Bacillus coagulans as probiotic. British Poultry Science. 39: 526-529.
 
Stern NJ, Cox NA, Bailey JS, Berrang ME, Musgrove MT (2001). Comparison of mucosal competitive exclusion and competitive exclusion treatment to reduce Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. colonization in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 80:156-160.
Crossref
 
Visek WJ (1978). The mode of growth promotion by antibiotics. J. Anim. Sci. 46:1447-1469.
 
Wang R, Li D, Bourne S (1998). Can 2000 years of herbal medicine history help us solve problems in the year 2000 Biotechnology in the feed industry: Proceedings of Alltech's 14th Annual Symposium, Kentucky, USA, 273-291.
 
Watkins BA, Kratzer FH (1984). Drinking water treatment with commercial preparation of a concentrated Lactobacillus culture for broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 63:1671-1673.
Crossref
 
Windisch W, Kroismayr A (2006). The effects of phytobiotics on performance and gut function in monogastrics. Accessed in 2006.
 
Xue M, Meng XS (1996). Review on research progress and prosperous of immune activities of bioactive polysaccharides. J. Trad. Vet. Med. 3:15-18.
 
Yang Y, Iji PA, Choct M (2009). Dietary modulation of gut microflora in broiler chickens: a review of the role of six kinds of alternatives to in-feed antibiotics. World's Poult. Sci. J. 65:97-114.
Crossref
 
Yusrizal C, Chen TC (2003). Effect of adding chicory fructans in feed on broiler growth performance, serum cholesterol, and intestinal length. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 3:214-219.
 
Zhan XA, Hu CH, and Xu ZR (2003). Effects of fructo-oligosaccharide on growth performance and intestinal microflora and morphology of broiler chicks. Chinese J. Vet. Sci. 32:196-198.
 
Zulkifli I, Abdullah N, Azrin NM, and Ho YW (2000). Growth performance and immune response of two commercial broiler strains fed diets containing Lactobacillus cultures and oxytetracycline under heat stress conditions. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:593-597.
Crossref