Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 400


Rational veterinary drug use: Its significance in public health

Takele Beyene*
  • Takele Beyene*
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 34, Bishoftu, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Berihun Tesega
  • Berihun Tesega
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 34, Bishoftu, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 24 September 2014
  •  Accepted: 10 November 2014
  •  Published: 31 December 2014


Acar JF (1997). Consequences of bacterial resistance to antibiotics in medical practice. Clin. Infect. Dis. 24:17-18.
American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and National Milk Producers Federation (NMPA) (1999). Milk and beef residue prevention: a quality assurance protocol. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 64:1-24.
Bezkorovainy A (2001). Probiotics: Determinants of survival and growth in the gut. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 73:3995-4055.
Brahma D, Marak M, Wahlang J (2012). Rational Use of Drugs and Irrational Drug Combinations. Internet J. Pharmacol. 10 (1).
Catery B, Laevens H, Deverisa LA, Opsomer G De Kruif A (2003). Antimicrobial resistance in milk and meat; Perceptions and realities. J. Vet. Med. 87:1222-1228.
FAO (1984). Residues of veterinary drugs in foods: Report of a joint FAO/WHO Expert consultation, Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome, Italy. pp. 1-16.
FAO/OIE/WHO (2003). Expert workshop on non-human antimicrobial resistance: scientific assessment. Geneva, Switzerland. pp. 19-20.
Fingleton J (2004). Legislation for veterinary drugs control. FAO Legal papers online#38. Pp. 1-26.
Gibson GR, Roberfroid MB (1995). Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: Introducing the concept of prebiotics. J Nutr.125:223-229.
Gracey JF, Collins DS, Hvey RJ (1999).Meat hygiene, 10th edition. Harcourt Brace Press, London. pp. 299-319.
Graham JP, Boland JJ, Silbergeld E (2007). Growth Promoting Antibiotics in Food Animal Production: An Economic Analysis. Public Health Rep. 122(1):79-87.
Grandle A, Sri-Ngernyuang L, Streefland PH (1993). Enhancing appropriate drug use: the promotion of herbal medicine promotion. Soc. Sci. Med. 36:1023-1035.
GOV.UK (2013). Guidance Veterinary medicines for livestock. Livestock and Food and farming, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs.
Hatemink R (1995). Non digestible oligosaccharides: Healthy food for the colon. J Vet. Med. 56:21-22.
Haward AJ (1993). Current Veterinary Therapy, 3rd edition. WB Saunders Company Press, Mexico. pp. 29-38.
Hillman K (2001). Bacteriological aspects of the use of antibiotics and their alternatives in the feed of non-ruminant animals. In: Worthy GP, Wiseman J (eds.), Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham. pp. 107-134.
Hirsh DC, Zee YC (1999). Veterinary microbiology, 1st ed. Blackwell Publishing Company, California. pp. 48-57.
Houdijk JG, Williams BA, Tamming S, Verstegen MW (1997). Relation between in vivo and in vitro fermentation of oligosaccharides in weaner pigs. Proc. Brit. Soc. Anim. Sci. 59:170-175.
Jensen BB (1998). The impact of feed additives on the microbial eco-logy of the gut in the young pigs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 7:45-46.
Kanneene JB, Miller R (1997). Problems associated with drug residues in beef from feeds and therapy. Rev. Sci. Technol. 16:694-708.
Kermanshahi H, Rostami H (2006). Influence of supplemental dried whey on broiler performance and cecal flora. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 5:538-543.
Kessar RE (1997). Prospective on chemotherapeutic approaches to antibiotic resistant bacteria. Clin. Infect. Dis. 24:146-147.
NAS (National Academy of Sciences) (1999). The use of drugs in food animals: Benefits and risks. National academy press, Washington, D.C. pp. 4-11.
Peter H, John H (2001). Antibiotics growth promoter. J. Vet. Pharmacol. Therap. 24:5-13.
Prescott JF, Baggot JD (1993). Antimicrobial therapy in Veterinary Medicine, 2nd ed. Iowa State University Press, Amsterdam. pp. 564-565.
Radostitis OM (1994). Residue testing and avoidance. Herd Health: Food Animal Production Medicine. Saunders Company, Philadelphia. pp. 59-66.
Shivhare SC, Kunjwani HK, Manikrao AM, Bondre AV (2010). Drugs hazards and rational use of drugs. J. Chem. Pharm. Res. 2:106-112.
Stobberingh EE, Van den Bogaard AE (2000). Spread of antibiotic resistance from food of animals to man. Acta. Vet. Scand. 93:47-52.
Thawani V (2010). Rational use of medicines: Achievements and challenges. Indian J. Pharmacol. 42:63-4.
Vitomir C, Silva D, Biljana A, Sanja C (2011). The significance of rational use of drugs in veterinary medicine for food safety. Technol. Mesa 52 (1):74-79.
WHO (2000). World Health Organization Global principles for the containment of antimicrobial resistance in animals intended for food. Report of WHO Consultation with the participation of the FAO and OIE in Switzerland, Geneva.
WHO (2001). Monitoring antimicrobial usage in food animals for the protection of human health. Reports of a WHO Consultation, Oslo, Norway.
WHO (2002). WHO policy perspectives on medicine promoting rational use of medicines. Available from: WHO Model Formulary. Geneva: WHO Press.
WHO (2004). World Health Organization Model Formulary, WHO press, Geneva, Switzerland. []WHO (1988). Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Feed Additives (JECFA) (2006). Toxicological evaluation of certain veterinary drug residues in food: monograph prepared by the 32nd meeting of the joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives