Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 415

Table of Content: April-June 2020; 12(2)

April 2020

Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated from poultry in North Central States of Nigeria

Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious viral disease constituting a continuous threat to the poultry industry worldwide. This study evaluated the genetic characteristics of Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) obtained from backyard commercial poultry farms and live bird markets during active and passive surveillance in different regions of Plateau and Nasarawa States of Nigeria between 2009 and 2017. The partial...

Author(s): Helen Owoya Abah, Ismaila Shittu, Paul Ayuba Abdu and Chinwe Justina Aronu  

May 2020

Causes of organ condemnations in cattle at slaughter and associated financial losses in Siaya County, Kenya

Cattle production is an important economic activity worldwide. Its potential, however, is not fully maximized owing to disease conditions, some causing condemnation and wastage of edible organs at slaughter and a threat of zoonoses. This work aimed at establishing definitive causes of organ condemnation and financial losses in cattle from three slaughterhouses (Kaumara, Siaya, and Ugunja) in Siaya County, Kenya, through...

Author(s): A. M. Achollah, D. N. Karanja, C. J. Ng’ang’a and L. C. Bebora  

May 2020

Assessment of operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria

A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the operational facilities and sanitary practices in Zangon Shanu abattoir, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Semi structured questionnaires were administered to the workers and also observational studies on facilities and sanitary practices in the abattoir were conducted. The results showed that 75.00% of the abattoir workers were between the ages of 25 to 35 years, with...

Author(s): Gali A. U., Abdullahi H. A, Umaru G. A., Zailani S. A, Adamu S. G., Hamza I. M. and Jibrin M. S.  

May 2020

Determination of some heavy metals residues in slaughtered cattle at Sokoto and Gusau modern abattoirs, Nigeria

Some heavy metals are classified under environmental pollutant due to their toxic effects on animals, human and plants. These metals are not biodegradable in environment and find their way into the food chain. Concentrations of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr) were determined in some selected organs and tissues (kidney, liver, muscle, hide and blood) of slaughtered cattle at Sokoto and Gusau modern abattoirs...

Author(s): Bala Akawu, Abdulkadir Usman Junaidu, Mohammed Danlami Salihu and  Bello Mohammed Agaie    

June 2020

Efficacy of Newcastle disease vaccines and vaccination protocols commonly used in Mali, West Africa

Newcastle disease, caused by Avian paramyxovirus -1 (APMV-1), is a devastating disease of poultry that is endemic in many countries worldwide. Several commercial vaccines and protocols are available against the disease and in most cases, they provide good clinical protection. However, despite vaccination, cases of Newcastle disease are often seen in some countries, including Mali in West Africa. Although there is only...

Author(s): Marthin Dakouo, Patricia Gil, Mamadou Fofana, Mamadou Niang, Moussa Kongossia Coulibaly, Kassim Samaké, Abdallah Traoré, Boubacar O. Diallo, Emmanuel Albina, Flabou Bougoudougou, and Renata Servan de Almeida,  

June 2020

Clinicians’ perception and assessment of risk factors for surgical site infections in small animal practice in South-West, Nigeria

This study evaluated the prevalence of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs), the enhancing risk factors in small animal hospitals and clinics, and clinicians’ perception of SSIs in South-west, Nigeria. Ten years (2007-2017) surgical patients’ case records from four government veterinary hospitals were initially studied. Fifty-seven copies of structured pre-tested questionnaires were further administered to...

Author(s): Eyarefe O. D. and Adeyemi I. M.  

June 2020

Evaluation of comparative intradermal tuberculin and interferon gamma release tests for prediction of tuberculous lesion development in slaughtered cattle

Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a chronic contagious disease of cattle which has economical, public health and veterinary importance worldwide. So far, test and slaughter is the most feasible method to control the disease but identification of lesions from slaughtered animals does not always coincide with ante-mortem test results. Fifty four animals which were found positive by comparative intradermal tuberculin test...

Author(s): Bezina Arega Emeru, Geberemeskel Mamu Werid and Birhanu Abera  

June 2020

Occurrence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella spp. in broiler chicken neck skin from slaughterhouses in Zambia

Salmonella is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen and poultry meat is considered as one of its major sources. This study evaluated Salmonella spp. detected in broiler chicken carcasses in Zambia. A total of 440 broiler neck skin samples were collected from 6 slaughter houses along the process line after evisceration and tested for Salmonella spp. Eleven samples (2.5%) were positive for Salmonella spp. The suspected...

Author(s): Maureen Wakwamba Ziba, Benson Bowa, Romina Romantini, Violeta Di Marzio, Cristina Marfoglia, Salvatore Antoci, Geoffrey Muuka, Massimo Scacchia, Mauro Mattioli and Francesco Pomilio