Journal of
Yeast and Fungal Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Yeast Fungal Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2413
  • DOI: 10.5897/JYFR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 126

Review

An approach to etiology, diagnosis and management of different types of candidiasis

Parveen Surain Dabas
Department of Microbiology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 July 2013
  •  Published: 31 August 2013

Abstract

Candida species are the most common cause of opportunistic fungal infection worldwide.Candida is the major fungal pathogen of humans, causing diseases ranging from superficial mucosal infections to disseminated, systemic infections that are often life threatening. A striking feature of its pathogenicity is ability to grow in yeast, pseudohyphal and hyphal forms. The hyphal form has an important role in causing disease by invading epithelial cells and causing tissue damage. Among Candida spp., Candida albicans is the most common infectious agent. This dimorphic yeast is a commensal that colonizes skin, the gastrointestinal and the reproductive tracts. Non-Calbicans species are also emerging pathogens and can also colonize human mucocutaneous surfaces. The pathogenesis and prognosis of candidial infections are affected by the host immune status and also differ greatly according to disease presentations.

 

Key words: Candidiasis, types, diagnosis, identification and management.