Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2764

Full Length Research Paper

The ablation threshold of Er:YAG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser in dental dentin

Shi Lin1,2*, Qinghua Liu1, Qiming Peng1, Mingguang Lin1, Zhenlin Zhan3 and  Xianzeng Zhang3
  1College of Dentistry, Fujian Medical University, No. 246 Yang Giao Road, Gulou District, Fuzhou 350002, China. 2Yongtai County Hospital, Chen Feng, Yongtai County, Fuzhou 350700, China. 3institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Technology, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, 350007, China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 March 2010
  •  Published: 18 August 2010



This study aims to investigate the threshold dose for the ablation of dentin of human permanent tooth using erbium: yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Er:YAG, wavelength 2.94 μm, pulse duration 100 μs-50 ms) and erbium, chromium: yattrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG, wavelength 2.79 μm; pulse duration 140 μs) lasers. A total of 70 dentin samples were subject to the experiment with varying laser energy densities ranging from 0 - 10 J/cm2. The treated dentin surfaces were examined through stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope. The result of the experiment indicated that both Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers are effective in ablating human tooth dentin. The ablation thresholds for both lasers were determined by inspecting the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs. The ablation threshold value for Er:YAG laser in dental dentin is 2.97–3.56 J/cm2, and for Er,Cr:YSGG laser, it is 2.69 - 3.66 J/cm2.


Key words: Dentin, Er:YAG laser, Er,Cr:YSGG laser, ablation, ablation threshold.