Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of fertilizer level and spacing on seed yield and quality of babchi (Psoralea corylifolia L.)

Sumathi, S.1*, P. Srimathi1, K. Vanangamudi1 and K. Rajamani2
1Department of Seed Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, India. 2Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003, India
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 November 2013
  •  Published: 18 November 2013

Abstract

Nutrient management and maintenance of optimum number of plants per unit area are considered as important management tool for enhancing the productivity of crop plants.  Therefore this experiment was conducted to identify the optimum level of NPK fertilizer and spacing required for obtaining higher seed yield with quality in underutilized medicinal plant babchi (Psoralea corylifolia L.). The evaluation was conducted with three different NPK fertilizers levels (80:40:30, 100:60:50 and 120:80:70 kgha-1) and four different spacings (45×30, 45×45, 60×30 and 60×45 cm) in two seasons viz., kharif and rabi. Significant variations were observed in most of the observed parameters, it expressed that the fertilizer recommendation of NPK at 100:60:50 kgha-1, adopting the spacing of 60×30 cm maximized the seed yield upto 2404 kg ha-1 with the resultant seed germination of 43%. It was 27.6% higher than 80:40:30 kg ha-1 NPK. The protein (18.69%) content of the seeds was also higher with these management techniques in both the seasons. Therefore the optimum fertilizer recommendation of 100:60:50 kgha-1 NPK and spacing of 60×30 cm could be recommended for babchi seed production.

Key words: Fertilizer level, spacing, seed yield, babchi, medicinal plant.