Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Design considerations for a sustainablepower energy system in Khartoum

M. F. M. Zain
  • M. F. M. Zain
  • Department of Architecture Engineering,Faculty of Engineering and Built of Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, UKM, Bangi, Selangor D. E., Malaysia.
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Abdallah Z. M. E.
  • Abdallah Z. M. E.
  • Department of Architecture Engineering,Faculty of Engineering and Built of Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, UKM, Bangi, Selangor D. E., Malaysia.
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Sopin K.
  • Sopin K.
  • Solar Institute (SERI), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, UKM, Bangi, Selangor D. E., Malaysia.
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  •  Received: 11 March 2011
  •  Accepted: 11 November 2014
  •  Published: 30 November 2014

Abstract

Application of renewable energy in Sudan is a major issue in strategic planning for alternatives fossil fuels to provide part of local energy demand. Sudan is an important case study in the context of renewable energy because Sudan possesses relatively high profusion of solar radiation, moderate wind speeds. This paper discussed the efficient system of sustainable renewable energy for domestic used and its total cost. The method of this paper was collection of the basic data of solar radiation, wind speed, others required input data, and then hybrid optimization simulation model was developed using the electric renewable energy software Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER). The simulation model has been used to find out the best technically viable renewable based energy efficient system for different numbers of household. It finds as the result some topologies of hybrid power. The simulation results have been presented the most efficient achievement and economic way for different numbers of household. The overall cost of energy would be low if the turbine cost decreases in Khartoum. The project lifetime has been considered for 25 years and the annual real interest rate has been taken as 4%.

 

Key words: HOMER, Khartoum- renewable energy, power system, domestic.