Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2759

Full Length Research Paper

Kinematic GNSS-PPP results from various software packages and raw data configurations

Angel Martín*, Ana B. Anquela, José L. Berné and Miriam Sanmartin
Department of Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy and Photogrammetry, Technical University of Valencia, Valencia 46022, Spain.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 December 2011
  •  Published: 23 January 2012


In this study, kinematic precise point positioning (PPP) was tested. The raw data were taken from permanent stations, two airplane trajectories, a car trajectory and a walking trajectory. International GNSS Service (IGS) final products were used in the post-processing phase. The observations were processed using four different on-line software packages: the Canadian Spatial Reference System On-line Global GPS Processing Service (CSRS-PPP), the GPS Analysis and Position Software (GAPS), the Automatic Precise Positioning Service (APPS) and the Magic Global Navigation Satellite System (MagicGNSS). The results and comparisons are described in detail. The main conclusion is that an accuracy better than 10 cm for the planimetric measurements and better than 20 cm for the altimetric measurements can be achieved using the kinematic PPP method in any of the proposed tests. However, at present, the success of the technique is affected by the software used, and differences at the 0.5 m level can be found for the same specific epoch.


Key words: GNSS, kinematic precise point positioning, PPP software center.