Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

The fatigue flexural behavior of fiber reinforced concrete: Effect of the parameters of coarse aggregates

H. Dilmi
  • H. Dilmi
  • Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment/ M'Hamed Bougara University of Boumerdes, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria.
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C. Aribi
  • C. Aribi
  • Faculty of Science, University Mohand Akli Oulhadj of Bouira, 10000, Algeria.
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B. Safi
  • B. Safi
  • Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment/ M'Hamed Bougara University of Boumerdes, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria.
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B. Bezzazi
  • B. Bezzazi
  • Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment/ M'Hamed Bougara University of Boumerdes, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria.
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M. Saidi
  • M. Saidi
  • Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment/ M'Hamed Bougara University of Boumerdes, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria.
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O. Lounas
  • O. Lounas
  • Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment/ M'Hamed Bougara University of Boumerdes, 35000, Boumerdes, Algeria.
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  •  Received: 22 November 2014
  •  Accepted: 23 December 2014
  •  Published: 15 January 2015

Abstract

The effect of the coarse aggregate type on the fatigue flexural behavior of concrete was investigated in this work. Three types of the coarse aggregates were selected from three different careers (CA1, CA2 and CA3). The mechanical parameters of these aggregates were determined (Los Anglos and Micro Deval). Prismatic specimens (70×70×280 mm) for each concrete mixture were made with aggregates of each source. The flexural fatigue tests were conducted on these concrete samples with varying levels of loading of 55 to 80% and the ultimate flexural strength. The test frequency is around 80 Hz and it is automatically determined by pulsing the fatigue machine for a resonance situation (the phase shift is δ=0) between the mass-spring-specimen system. The obtained results show that the aggregates which have the similar parameters (Micro Deval and LA), provide better adhesion with cement paste, and therefore a greater bending strength. The strength evolution at short-term age is typical for specimens based on aggregates with low wear resistance by triturate (a high Micro Deval coefficient). Regarding the fatigue flexural behavior, the concrete specimens based on CA1, which have similar coefficients of Los Angeles and Micro Deval (respectively 18 and 16) present the behavior (load/cycle numbers) close to that of the model prototype of the Wöhler curve.  This can be explained by a high homogeneity of the charge distribution during fatigue test compared to other concrete mixtures. Also, it was noted that the relationship between the endurance limit and the coefficient of Los Angeles is inversely proportional: The aggregates which have good strength to fragmentation (low coefficient of LA), as aggregates CA2 case  give an endurance limit at around 70% max bending load.

 

Key words: Coarse aggregate, Los Angeles, Micro Deval, bending test, fatigue testing, endurance limit.