Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2752

Full Length Research Paper

Analysis of the link between injuries on forest trees and presence of harmful fungal organisms

Miroslava MARKOVIC
  • Miroslava MARKOVIC
  • Miroslava Markovic, Institute for Forestry, Kneza Viseslava 3, 11030 Belgrade, Serbia.
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Dragan MITIC
  • Dragan MITIC
  • IRITEL, Belgrade, Serbia.
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Snezana RAJKOVIC
  • Snezana RAJKOVIC
  • Miroslava Markovic, Institute for Forestry, Kneza Viseslava 3, 11030 Belgrade, Serbia.
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Ljubinko RAKONJAC
  • Ljubinko RAKONJAC
  • Miroslava Markovic, Institute for Forestry, Kneza Viseslava 3, 11030 Belgrade, Serbia.
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Aleksandar LUCIC
  • Aleksandar LUCIC
  • Miroslava Markovic, Institute for Forestry, Kneza Viseslava 3, 11030 Belgrade, Serbia.
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Miroslav MARKOVIC
  • Miroslav MARKOVIC
  • Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, Antona Cehova 13, Novi Sad, Serbia.
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Radoslav RAJKOVIC
  • Radoslav RAJKOVIC
  • University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Inovation Centre, Belgrade, Serbia.
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  •  Accepted: 05 September 2013
  •  Published: 18 September 2013

Abstract

This research focus on the occurrence of pathogenic microorganisms on beech trees relative to the presence of tree injuries, with the aim to ensure protection and preservation of this species in Serbia. The research was conducted in eastern Serbia, in a hillside beech forest Fagetum moesiacae submontanum of generative origin. The testing was carried out on two sites over 51 testing plots, with a total of 829 trees and 21 species of identified fungi. On the first site it was found that the appearance of fungi primarily depends on the presence of mechanical damage on trees (as much as 73.46%), while the presence of abiotic damage has almost no bearing (only 3.21%). On the second site there was a strong correlation link between the occurrence of fungi and presence of mechanical damage - 51.88%, as well as between the fungi and abiotic damage – 47.96%. The health condition of high beech stands was found to be heavily dependent on careful and proper manipulation during harvesting, while each injury inflicted on a beech live tree during logging opens the door to infection with pathogenic microorganisms.

 

Key words: Injuries, environmental factors, fungi, beech forests.