Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2768

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of crayfish chaff charcoal agar as a transport medium for anaerobes

  Egwari Louis Osayenum1*, Nwokoye Nkiru Nneye2 and Oniha Margaret Ikhwili1
1Department of Biological Sciences, School of Natural and Applied Sciences, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Canaanland, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.   2National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, Microbiology Division, Nigeria Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.  
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 June 2013
  •  Published: 30 June 2013




A laboratory formulated crayfish chaff charcoal agar (CCCA) was evaluated both as transport and storage medium for anaerobic bacteria in parallel with Amies charcoal agar (ACA), cooked meat medium (CMM) and thioglycollate broth (TCB). The survival of anaerobes in swab obtained clinical specimens and viability of specific anaerobes in these media were assessed. Eight genera of anaerobes (BacteroidesFusobacteriumParvobacteroidesPorphyromonasPrevotella,ClostridiumPeptoniphilusPeptostreptococcus) were isolated from ACA, CMM and CCCA, 7 (BacteroidesFusobacteriumParvobacteroidesPrevotellaClostridium,PeptoniphilusPeptostreptococcus) from TCB transported specimens. Comparatively, the difference in isolation rate of anaerobes in aspirate (85%) and swab (75%) processed specimens was not significant (p < 0.05). Irrespective of storage temperature (-20°C or 30 + 2°C), positive anaerobic cultures from 7-day stored swab specimens in transport media were TCB 10, CCCA 14, ACA and CMM 18 each. Anaerobes recovery from CCCA and ACA were comparable (p < 0.05). Quantitatively, Bacteroides was recovered after 6 weeks of storage in CCCA with counts of 10 6.1 and 10 5.6 CFU/ml at -20°C and 30 + 2°C respectively. Similar pattern of recovery occurred with PrevotellaClostridium and Peptoniphilus in CCCA, ACA and other transport media with no significant differences in viable counts (p < 0.05). The CCCA function is comparable with those of the other media and can be prepared and used in-house for transport of clinical specimens and short term storage of anaerobes.


Key words: Crayfish chaff charcoal, transport medium, anaerobes, survival.