Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2740

Full Length Research Paper

Epidemiological pattern of malignant neoplasia of the esophagus in the region of ABC- São Paulo, Brazil between the years of 2008 and 2017

André Akira Ramos Takahashi
  • André Akira Ramos Takahashi
  • Department of Epidemiology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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Livia Akemi Ramos Takahashi
  • Livia Akemi Ramos Takahashi
  • Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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Lucas Pereira Abrão Eid
  • Lucas Pereira Abrão Eid
  • Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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Sandra Di Fellice Boratto
  • Sandra Di Fellice Boratto
  • Department of Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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Carlos Eduardo Rodante Corsi
  • Carlos Eduardo Rodante Corsi
  • Department of Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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Jaques Waisberg
  • Jaques Waisberg
  • Department of Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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and Luiz Vinicius de Alcântara Sousa
  • and Luiz Vinicius de Alcântara Sousa
  • Department of Epidemiology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André – SP, Brasil.
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  •  Received: 13 February 2020
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2020
  •  Published: 31 July 2020

Abstract

Esophageal cancer is the sixth leading cause of death from malignancies in the world. Given its importance, it is a disease that needs further studies to deepen its understanding and epidemiological behavior. The aim of this work is to evaluate the epidemiological profile of EC in the ABC, Southeast and the national territory of Brazil between 2008 and 2017. This is an ecological study that evaluated the temporal trend of esophageal cancer in the elderly population, between 50 and 79 years of age, between 2008 and 2017 in the ABC region compared to the Southeast region and Brazil as a whole.  The number of male hospitalizations has shown an increasing pattern over the years studied in the Southeast and Brazil. The mean number of days of hospitalization tended to decrease for both genders, whereas in the male gender this reduction was expressed in all of the analyzed regions, and in the female gender only in the Southeast and in national scale in Brazil, in a statistically significant way. The average cost of hospitalizations increased in the Southeast and Brazil for males. These findings are important public health markers, which should be considered for the establishment of preventive and health promotion measures for the public network.

Key words: Esophagus, cancer, epidemiology