Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2759

Full Length Research Paper

An unusual case of Henoch-Schönlein purpura associated with varicella zoster infection

Hüseyin DAÄž1, AyÅŸen KUTAN FENERCIOÄžLU2 and Güner KARATEKIN3*
  1Sarigol State Hospital, Pediatrics Clinic, Manisa, Turkey. 2Department of Family Medicine, Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, Faculty of Baskent University Medical, Istanbul, Turkey. 3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 June 2012
  •  Published: 12 July 2012

Abstract

 

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is one of the most common vasculitis of childhood which is characterized by nonthrombocytopenic palpable purpura, arthritis, renal and gastrointestinal system (GIS) involvement. The etiology of HSP is mainly unknown and antecedent upper respiratory tract infection, usually viral and Streptococcal origin, drugs, cold, insect bite or some foods are the known triggering factors. HSP is rarely triggered by varicella zoster infection. In this study, we present a case with HSP following varicella infection who was admitted to the hospital because of edema and erythema in the right ankle, palpable purpura in the lower extremities and crusted lesions of varicella in his back. As a result of the case, we believe that consideration of varicella zoster as a causative agent for HSP necessitates the vaccination against it which will prevent the development of many complications of varicella zoster infection including HSP.

 

Key words:  Henoch-Schönlein purpura, varicella zoster infection, nonthrombocytopenic purpura.