Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Toxicity and repellent effects of some botanical insecticides on the egg-larval parasitoid Chelonus oculator Panzer (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Hilal TUNCA
  • Hilal TUNCA
  • Department of Plant Protection 06610 Diskapi Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar
Neşet KILINÇER
  • NeÅŸet KILINÇER
  • Department of Plant Protection 06610 Diskapi Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar
Cem ÖZKAN
  • Cem ÖZKAN
  • Department of Plant Protection 06610 Diskapi Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 25 February 2014
  •  Published: 15 March 2014

Abstract

Chelonus oculator Panzer is an egg-larval parasitoid of the cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) with a broad geographical area. Four botanical insecticides - azadirachtin (Neem Azal), pyrethrum (Spruzit Neu), capsaicin (Hotpepper wax) and d-Limonene (Orange guard) - were investigated regarding their side effects on C. oculator. Sub-lethal concentrations (LC25 and LC50) were determined for azadirachtin and pyrethrum. Then, the parasitized third larval stage of S. littoralis was treated with LC25 and LC50 values for the same insecticides. Behavioural effects of the botanical insecticides on C. oculator were performed by choice tests using a Y-tube olfactometer. The results revealed that LC50 value of pyrethrum was very harmful causing 100% mortality to C. oculator. LC50 and LC25 values of azadirachtin and LC25 values of pyrethrum prolonged development time whilst reducing the longevity, emergence rate and adult dry mass. The behavioural test indicated that the tested botanical insecticides have strong repellent effects on the parasitoid. Thus, this study contributes to the amelioration of the safe use of botanical insecticides against the natural enemy in integrated pest management programs.

 

Key words: Chelonus oculator, side effect, azadirachtin, pyrethrum, capsaicin, d-Limonene.