Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Analyzing vulnerability and resilience of Turkey to climate change

Ulku Duman Yuksel
  • Ulku Duman Yuksel
  • Department of City and Regional Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Gazi University, 06570, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 23 October 2013
  •  Accepted: 05 May 2014
  •  Published: 15 June 2014

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the vulnerability and resilience of Turkey to climate change impacts. The Vulnerability Resilience Index was developed to measure Turkey’s vulnerability. Adaptive/coping capacity and exposure/sensitivity sectors were generated and used to determine the vulnerability value. First, these sectors were divided into related indicators. Economy, human resources, environment, and governance indicators were used to determine adaptive/coping capacity sector value. Exposure, settlement, food, ecosystems, health, and water indicators were used to determine exposure/sensitivity sector value. Later, proxies for each indicator were established. Proxy indexes were interpreted to indicators and these indicators were connected to sectors. The overall climate change vulnerability of Turkey was constructed based on sectors’ values. Results showed that economic capacity was the most vulnerable adaptive/coping capacity indicator and ecosystem sensitivity is the most vulnerable sensitivity indicator for Turkey. It has been found that Turkey’s vulnerability to climate change index value was 0.363 indicating low vulnerability.
 
Key words: Climate change, vulnerability, resilience, adaptive capacity, exposure, sensitivity, Turkey