Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2754

Full Length Research Paper

Examining the effects of mercerization process applied under different conditions to dimensional stability

Remzi Gemci
Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, KahramanmaraÅŸ Sütçü Imam University, Turkey
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 February 2010
  •  Published: 31 March 2010

Abstract

In this study, mercerization processes were performed on cotton fabrics with three different weaving patterns in chain mercerizer at 60°C by applying three different time periods and three different processes under factory conditions. The fabrics, which were weaved from 20/1 open-end and 100% cotton yarns, were used in the tests. The fabrics used in the tests were applied singeing, desizing, bleaching and drying processes before the mercerization process. The mercerization processes were applied to the fabrics by using three different processes and times. The effect of the mercerization operation, which was applied in three different conditions, on the dimension stability of the samples was examined.

 

Key words: Mercerization, finishing, dimensional stability, shrinkage, cotton fabric.