Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2748

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of physiological status and seasonal variation on plasma mineral profile of sheep in Kashmir valley

A. A. Dar*
  • A. A. Dar*
  • Division of Veterinary Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilley UP, India - 243122
  • Google Scholar
R. K. Jadhav
  • R. K. Jadhav
  • Division of Veterinary Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilley UP, India - 243122
  • Google Scholar
U. Dimri
  • U. Dimri
  • Division of Veterinary Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilley UP, India - 243122
  • Google Scholar
A. A. Khan
  • A. A. Khan
  • Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (SKUAST-Kashmir), Shuhama Alusteng, Srinagar - 190001
  • Google Scholar
H. M. Khan
  • H. M. Khan
  • Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (SKUAST-Kashmir), Shuhama Alusteng, Srinagar - 190001
  • Google Scholar
M. C. Sharm
  • M. C. Sharm
  • Division of Veterinary Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilley UP, India - 243122
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 29 January 2014
  •  Published: 28 February 2014


Ahmed MM, Siham KA, Bari MES (2000). Macromineral profile in the plasma of 185 nubian goats as affected by the physiological state. Small Rumin. Res. 38:249-254.
Ahola JK, Baker DS, Burns PD, Mortimer RG, Enns RM, Whittier JC, Geary TW, Engle TE (2004). Effect of copper, zinc, and manganese supplementation and source on reproduction, mineral status, and performance in grazing beef cattle over two-year period. J. Anim. Sci. 82:2375-2383.
Aregheore EM, Hunter D, Perera D, Mautoatasi MT (2007). The soil-plant-animal phenomena: Serum mineral status of Fuji fantastic sheep grazing Batiki grass (Ischaemum aristatum Var. indicum) and Pangola grass (Digitaria decumbens) in Samoa. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 6:349-357.
Ashworth CJ, Antipatis C (2001). Micronutrient programming of development throughout gestation. Reprod. 122:527-535.
Asif M, Rahman ZU, Arif M, Haq IU, Javed I (1996). Trace element and electrolyte concentrations in different physiological states of Sahiwal cattle. J. Islam. Acad. Sci. 9(4):125-128.
Ben Salem H, Smith T (2008). Feeding strategies to increase small ruminant production in dry environments. Small Rumin. Res. 77:174-194.
Braithwaite GD (1983). Calcium and Phosphorus requirements of the Ewe during pregnancy and lactation. Br. J. Nutr. 50:711-722.
Breibart S, Lec JS, MeCoord A, Forbco GA (1960). Relation of age to radio magnesium exchange in bone. Proc. Soc. Expt. Biol. Med. 105:361-368.
Church DC, Pond WG (1988). Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. 3rd Edition. Published by John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY. pp. 196-199.
Davis A (1984). Coal petrology and petrographic analysis. In: Ward, C.R. (Ed.), Coal Geology and Coal Technology. Blackwell, Oxford pp. 74-112.
DES (2007). Department of economic survey. Annual report. In: Wani, S.A. and Wani, M.H. (2010). Marketing of Milk in Various Agro-climatic Zones of Jammu and Kashmir. Agric. Econ. Res. Rev. 23:83-90.
Du Plessis SS, Van Niekerk FE, Coetzer WA (1999). The effect of dietary molybdenum and sulphate on sexual activity and plasma progesterone concentrations of ewes. Small Rumin. Res. 33:71-76.
Elnageeb MA, Abdelatif AM (2010). The mineral profile in Desert ewes (Ovis aries): Effects of pregnancy, lactation and dietary supplementation. American – Euras. J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 7(1):18-30.
Fontenot JP, Allen VG, Bunce GE, Goff JP (1989). Factors influencing magnesium absorption and metabolism in ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 67:3445-3455.
Ghany-Hefnawy AE, López-Arellano R, Revilla-Vázquez A, Ramírez-Bribiesca E, Tórtora-Pérez J (2007). The relationship between fetal and maternal selenium concentrations in sheep and goats. Small Rumin. Res. 73:174-180.
Gonul R, Kayar A, Bilal T, Erman ORM, Parkan DVM, Dodurka HT, Gulyasar T, Barutcu B (2009). Comparison of mineral levels in bone and blood serum of cattle in Northwestern Turkey. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 8:1263-1267.
Hidiroglou M (1979). Trace element deficiencies and fertility in ruminants: A review. J. Dairy Sci. 62:1195-1206.
Hosnedlava B, Travnicek J, Soch M (2007). Current view of the significance of the Zn in the ruminants: A review. Agricultura. Tropica. Et. Subtropica. 40(2):57-64.
Howell JM, Edington N, Ewbank R (1968). Observation on copper and ceruloplasmin levels in the blood of pregnant ewes and lambs. Res. Vet. Sci. 9:160-164.
Kaneko JJ, Harvey JW, Bruss MZ (1997). In: Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 5th Edition. Academic press, USA.
Khan ZI (2003). Effect of seasonal variation on the availability of macro-and micro nutrients to animals (sheep and goats) through forage from soil. Ph.D.thesis submitted to University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. p. 286.
Khan ZI, Ahmed K, Ashraf M, Valeem EE, Javed I (2008). A comparative study on mineral status of blood plasma of small ruminants and Pastures in Punjab, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 41:67-72.
Khan ZI, Ashraf M, Ashraf MY, Rahman Z, Hussain A (2003). Mineral status of livestock (Goats and Sheep) based on soil, dietary components and animal tissue fluids in relation to seasonal changes and sampling periods in specific region of Pakistan. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 2(8):478-495.
Khan ZI, Hussain A, Ashraf M, Valeem EE, Javed I (2005). Evaluation of variation of soil and forage minerals in pasture in a semiarid region of Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 37:921-931.
Kincaid RL (1999). Assessment of trace mineral status of ruminants: A review. Proc. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. pp. 1-10.
Kolmer JA, Spanbling EH, Robinson HW (1951). Approved Laboratory Technique. Appleton Century Crofts, New York.
Masters DG, Fels HE (1980). Effect of Zn supplementation on reproductive performance of grazing Merion ewes. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 7:89.
Maynard LA, Loosli JK, Hintz HF, Warner RG (1979). Animal Nutrition. 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York.
McDowell LR (1992). Minerals in Animal and Human Nutrition. Academic Press, NewYork.
Merkel RC, McDowell LR, Popenoe HL, Wilkinson NS (1990). Mineral status comparisons between water buffalo and charolais cattle in Florida. Buffalo J. 1:33-41.
Nazifi S, Gheisari H, Poorabbas H (1999). The influences of thermal stress on serum biochemical parameters of dromedary camels and their correlation with thyroid activity. Comp. Haematol. Int. 9:49-53.
Pasha TN, Khan MZ, Farooq U (2009). Assessment of macro-minerals in soil, water, feed resources and its influence on blood plasma of sheep and goats in central mix cropping zone of Punjab, Pakistan. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst. 11: 249-253.
Pastrana R, McDowell LR, Conrad JH, Wilkinson NS (1991). Macro-mineral status of sheep in the Paramo region of Colombia. Small Rumin. Res. 5:9-21.
Poland WW, Grings E, Karn J, Manske L (2001). Mineral concentration and availability of forages for grazing livestock in the Northern Great Plains. Dickinson Research Centre. Annual Report.
Remberg CF, Mayer GP, Kronfeld DS, Phang JM, Berman M (1970). Calcium kinetics in cows during late pregnancy, parturition and early lactation. Am. J. Physiol. 219:1166-1177.
Ricks M (1996). Minerals: Small Ruminant Series. Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Uvalde.
Robert PH (1989). Nutrition factors in bone health in elderly subjects, methodological and contextual problems. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 50:1182-1189.
Robinson JJ, Ashworth CJ, Rooke JA, Mitchell LM, McEvoy TG (2006). Nutrition and fertility in ruminant livestock. Anim. Feed Sci. Techn. 126:259-276.
Rojas LX, McDowell LR, Wilkinson NS, Martin FG (1993). Mineral status of soils, forages, and beef cattle in South East Venezuela. I. Macro-minerals and forage organic constituents. Int. J. Anim. Sci. 8:183-188.
Shallow M, Ellis NJS, Judson GJ (1989). Sex related responses to vitamin B12 and trace element supplementation in prime lambs. Aust. Vet. J. 66:250-251.
Smith OB, Akinbamijo OO (2000). Micronutrients and reproduction in farm animals. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 60-61:549-560.
Standing Committee on Agriculture (1990). Feeding Standards for Australian Livestock. Ruminants. CSIRO: East Melbourne.
Suttle NF, Jones DG (1989). Recent Developments in Trace Element Metabolism and Function: Trace Elements, Disease Resistance and Immune Responsiveness in Ruminants. J. Nutr. 119:1055-1061.
Tainturier D, Braun JP, Rico AG, Thouvenot JP (1984).Variation in blood comparison in dairy cows during pregnant and after calving. Res. Vet. Sci. 37:129-131.
Tashi N, Xugang L, Shunxiang Y, Judson G (2005). A survey of the mineral status of livestock in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. ACIAR working Paper No. 59.
Underwood EJ (1977). Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition. 4th Edition, Academic Press, New York, USA.
Vázquez-Armijo JF, Rojo R, Salem AZM, López D, Tinoco JL, González A, Pescador N, Domínguez-Vara IA (2011). Trace elements in sheep and goats reproduction: A Review. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst. 14:1-13.
Wani SA, Wani MH (2010). Marketing of Milk in Various Agro-climatic Zones of Jammu and Kashmir. Agri. Econ. Res. Rev. 23 (1):83-90.
Williams CH (1977).Trace metals and super phosphates: Toxicity problems. J. Aust. Inst. Agric. Sci. 43:99-109.
Yatoo MI, Saxena A, Jhambh R, Nabi S, Melepad DP, Kumar P, Dimri U, Sharma MC (2013). Status of Trace Mineral Deficiency in Sheep and Goat in Kashmir Valley. Res. J. Vet. Pract. 1(4):43-45.