Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2738

Table of Content: 28 June, 2012; 7(24)

June 2012

Review of soft soils stabilization by grouting and injection methods with different chemical binders

Soil stabilization has become one of the useful solutions to treat the soft soils to achieve the required engineering properties and specification so that structures can be placed safely without undergoing large settlements. Soil stabilization by admixture was developed in Japan during 1970s and 1980s. The treated soil has greater strength, reduced compressibility and lower hydraulic conductivity than the original...

Author(s): Sina Kazemainand Maassoumeh Barghchi

June 2012

Neuro-fuzzy modelling and forecasting in water resources

Recently, with rapid development in computer science and technology, artificial intelligent (AI) models that emulate human thinking ability and brain structure are increasingly used in hydrological forecasting context. Neuro-fuzzy (N-F) models or specifically adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) are rapidly becoming conventional in either academic or industrial applications. Although, there is a common network...

Author(s): Hadi Galavi and Lee Teang Shui

June 2012

Simulation study of damage detection in steel shear frame buildings using impulse response and wavelet analysis

Structural frames, demonstrate both elastic and plastic behaviour depending on their load. At early stages of earthquake loading structural systems remain in the elastic phase, but when the loading increases, plastic hinges form and affect the structural response. Determining the location and time of this damage is critical. The aim of previous methods such as Fourier, short time Fourier or wavelet transform was to find...

Author(s): Raufi, F. and Bahar, O.

June 2012

Characterization and durability of wood-polymer composite prepared by in-situ polymerization of methyl methacrylate and styrene

The current study demonstrates the effect of in-situ formation of polymer from vinyl monomers on the morphology and durability of wood. Mixed monomers of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene (St) (1:1 molar ratio) were effectively vacuum/pressure impregnated into the cellular structure of a fast-growing poplar wood, Populus ussuriensis Kom, and then underwent a catalyst-thermal process to polymerize...

Author(s): Dong Xiaoying, Li Yongfeng, Fu Yunlin, Gao Jiali and Liu Yixing

June 2012

Estimation of crustal thickness by combination of two geophysical methods: A case study

In this study an extended geophysical survey using gravity and high angle refracted seismic methods with recorded earthquake has been carried out in Kerman province in southeast of Iran. The purpose of the applied geophysical surveys was to provide information on crustal structure and lithospheric thickness. The purpose of this research is focused on determination of Moho depth and for this reason several profiles...

Author(s): Roshanak Rajablou, Asghar Teymoorian Motlagh and Abbas Abbaszadeh shahri

June 2012

Comparative diversity of insects in various habitats of Kovada Lake National Park Basin (Isparta, Turkey)

The study was conducted in nine habitats representing different ecosystems in Kovada Lake Natural Park basin located in Isparta province. Pitfall traps were used for collecting various insects during 2007-2008 by regular weekly samplings. Consequently, a total of 64 insect species belonging to 15 families and 4 orders were recorded from the natural park basin. According to Shannon-Wiener and Simpson indices of...

Author(s): Baran ASLAN and Ismail KARACA