Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2768

Table of Content: February 2008; 3(2)

February 2008

Conservation studies on four medicinal taxa of Southern Nigeria

  Experiments were conducted to document optimum ways of producing sturdy and suitable planting materials of Bryophyllum pinnatum, Cordia millenii, Enantia cholrantha and Celtis durandii found in Southern Nigeria. The plants are used in the treatment of various diseases such as earache, fever, malaria, typhoid, jaundice, liver problem and menstrual pains. Forest top soil was observed to...

Author(s): J. E. Ehiagbonare H. I. Onyibe and P. O. Ehiagbonare

February 2008

The role of ginger starch as a binder in acetaminophen tablets

  The rhizomes of ginger, Zingiber officinale (Roscoe; Zingiberacea) has been reported to contain up to 56.0% starch. The starch was extracted from the fresh rhizomes, evaluated for relevant properties and used as a binder to acetaminophen tablets at concentrations of 2.0 - 8.0% w/w. The tablets were evaluated for hardness, friability, weight uniformity, disintegration and dissolution profiles....

Author(s): Ibezim, E.C., Ofoefule, S.I., Omeje, E.O, Onyishi V.I and Odoh, U. E.

February 2008

Asymmetry and pattern polarization of digital dermal ridges among the Ogoni people of Nigeria

  Dermal ridges express patterns of asymmetry and polarization across the fingers that can characterize human populations. They are also known somatic markers of teratogenic insults. This study documents the asymmetry and pattern polarization of dermal ridges among the Ogoni people of Nigeria. Ink prints of the fingers were obtained from 406 apparently healthy Ogoni subjects and dermal ridge pattern types of...

Author(s): B. N. R. Jaja, O. Olabiyi, C.C. Noronha and A. Okanlawon

February 2008

Nutritional potential of two leafy vegetables: Moringa oleifera and Ipomoea batatas leaves

    Levels of some nutrients in Moringa oleifera leaves as well as seven varieties of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) leaves were determined using standard analytical methods. Crude protein ranged from 16.78 - 25.39%; crude fibre from 9.75 - 12.14%; crude fat from 0.38 - 1.91%; ash content from 8.71 - 11.60%; moisture content (fwb) ranged from 80.16 - 88.20%; carbohydrate values from 53.29 -...

Author(s): Ibok Oduro, W. O. Ellis and Deborah Owusu

February 2008

Impact assessment of water scarcity at Somntongo in the lowveld region of Swaziland

  A survey was conducted to assess the impact of water scarcity in Somntongo, in the lowveld region of Swaziland. The study adopted the use of questionnaire, interview schedules and focused group discussions. Information sought included sources of water, distances between water sources and places of residence, and the effect of water scarcity on the various aspects of human activities. The study revealed that...

Author(s): Yahaya Mijinyawa and Stanley S’manga Dlamini

February 2008

Comparative antimicrobial activity of tannin extracts from perennial plants on mastitis pathogens

  Three strains of pathogenic bacteria were treated with condensed tannins (CT) purified from eight different woody plant species to investigate their inhibition effect on the growth of these bacteria in vitro. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus were tested against low (0, 2, 4 and 8 mg CT/ml) and high dose levels (0, 50, and 100 mg CT /ml) of CT...

Author(s): Min, B. R., Pinchak, W. E., Merkel, R., Walker, S., Tomita, G. and Anderson, R. C.