The objectives of this study are to establish damage functions for the Ramularia areola pathosystem and characterize the damage in cultivars susceptible and resistant to it. The experiment was conducted in the city of Tangará da Serra in the 2012/2013 harvest season. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replications in a factorial arrangement of four cultivars × four gradients. The plots were divided into two subplots (twin plots). The division I received fungicide applications at intervals of 15, 30 and 45 days and no applications to establish the gradients of the disease, and the division II received weekly applications of fungicide in order to be kept without the disease or at minimum levels. FiberMax 993, FMT 701, FMT 707 RX and IAC 25 RMD cultivars were used with different reactions to ramularia spots. Disease severity was weekly determined and used to calculate the area below the disease progress curve (ABDPC). In addition to area below the severity progress curve (ABSPC), the variables related to the following production components were obtained: seed cotton productivity, damage, percentage of damage to productivity, average number of bolls per plant, weight of one hundred seeds, percentage of fiber, and components related to fiber technological characteristics. Analyses of variance were conducted and data were adjusted by the linear integral model. The ABSPC variable showed a high relation with damage and percentage of damage to productivity. Estimates reached levels of up to 975.42 kg ha-1, or 36.83%, of damage to productivity.
Key words: Damage, functions, Ramularia areola, Gossypium hirsutum, fiber technological characteristics (HVI).
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