African Journal of
Medical and Health Sciences

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL, ABAKALIKI, NIGERIA
  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Med. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2384-5589
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMHS
  • Start Year: 2017
  • Published Articles: 58

AJMHS Articles

Incidence and Pattern of Dog Bite Injuries Treated in the Emergency Room of a Teaching Hospital South East Nigeria

June 2018

Background: Dog bite injury treated in the emergency room varies from and within sub regions in pattern and potential risk of transmission of rabies. This variation has implications in its morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of dog bite injuries treated in a teaching hospital emergency room setting of a developing country. Patients and Methods: This was a...

Author(s): Njoku Isaac Omoke, Ndubuisi Onu Chukwueloka Onyemaechi

Anesthesia for Emergency Cesarean Section: A Comparison of Spinal versus General Anesthesia on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes

June 2018

Background: Despite the relative safety of cesarean section (CS), increasing CS rate is a cause for concern to obstetricians and anesthetists because of the attendant increased health risk one of which is the risk of anesthesia. The choice of anesthesia for cesarean section depends on the indication for the surgery, the urgency of intervention required, the maternal and/or fetal status, and the patient’s desires....

Author(s): Vitus Okwuchukwu Obi, Odidika Ugochukwu J. Umeora,

Lead in Potable Water Sources in Anambra State, South East, Nigeria

June 2018

Introduction: Due to lack of treated water supply in major cities and settlements in Anambra state, Nigeria, majority of the population obtain potable water directly from boreholes, streams, sachet, harvested rain, and well water sources. Lead‑laden potable water may be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Anambra state, Nigeria. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the presence of lead in...

Author(s): Ignatius C. Maduka, Anthony I. Anakwuo, Nnamdi P. Ogueche

Musculoskeletal Tumors of the Extremities: Challenges and Outcome of Management in a Nigeria Tertiary Hospital

June 2018

Background: Patients with musculoskeletal tumors in developing countries often present late to the hospital and this poses serious challenges to the management, especially for malignant tumors. This study aims to highlight the various types of musculoskeletal extremity tumors seen in a Nigerian tertiary health center during the study period, the challenges encountered in managing them, and the outcome of the...

Author(s): O. N. Salawu, O. M. Babalola, G. H. Ibraheem, C. Nwosu, A. K. Suleiman, D. M. Kadir, B. A. Ahmed, J. O. Mejabi, A. A. Fadimu, T. O. Adeyemi, W. O. Olawole

Prevalence and Antibiogram Pattern of Salmonella enterica Serotypes in Garhwal Region: First Report from Foothills of Himalayas

June 2018

Introduction: Enteric fever, caused by Salmonella enterica subsp. Enterica serotype Typhi and Paratyphi, is endemic in India with an incidence of 102–2219/100,000 populations. The definitive diagnosis of enteric fever in patients with compatible clinical picture is isolation of Salmonellae from blood, bone marrow, stool or urine, and demonstration of four‑fold rise in antibody titer to both O and H antigen of...

Author(s): Vikrant Negi, Monika Pathania, Rajat Prakash, Deepak Juyal, Munesh Kumar Sharma, Shekhar Pal

The effect of bacterial colonization of the embryo transfer catheter on outcome of in vitro fertilization–embryo transfer treatment

June 2018

Background: In vitro fertilization–embryo transfer (IVF − ET) has become a core treatment method for managing infertility. Bacterial contamination of the ET catheter may affect outcome, but there is still no consensus of evidence. Objectives: This study aims to assess the effect of bacterial colonization of the ET catheter tip on the clinical pregnancy rate in an IVF–ET treatment. Methods: An...

Author(s): Roy N. Maduka, James A. Osaikhuwuomwan, Michael E. Aziken

Nutritional Status of perinatally HIV‑infected children on antiretroviral therapy from a resource‑poor rural South African community

June 2018

Objective: In Sub‑Saharan Africa, millions of children are suffering from HIV and coexisting child undernutrition. Despite efforts to curb the spread of HIV through the availability of treatment and various nutritional programmes, it has been argued that undernutrition remains highly prevalent in rural areas. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence and psychosocial factors influencing the...

Author(s): Antonio George Lentoor

Clinical evaluation of acellular dermal matrix allograft (Alloderm®) with coronally advanced flap in the treatment of multiple gingival recessions: A clinical study

December 2017

Aims: The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Alloderm® with the coronally positioned flap in the treatment of multiple gingival recessions and to assess the esthetic and hypersensitivity evaluation from patient's perspective using visual analog scale (VAS).  Subjects and Methods: A total of 10 systemically healthy male and female patients aged 18–50...

Author(s): Gayathri Somasheker, Alampalli Viswanathamurthy Ramesh, K Roopa, Chinni Doraiswamy Dwarakanath

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