African Journal of
Medical and Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Med. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2384-5589
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMHS
  • Start Year: 2017
  • Published Articles: 54

AJMHS Articles

Relationship between renal ultrasonographic, CD4 cell count and proteinuria findings in HIV infected adult patients in Jos, Nigeria

August 2021

This study intends to describe renal sonographic outcomes in matured patients with HIV/AIDS in Plateau State capital Jos and relate the outcome with proteinuria and the subjects’ CD4 cell count. The 504 subjects were evaluated for renal ultrasound scan, CD4 cell counts and dipstick proteinuria (using Combi 10 Urinalysis strips) were obtained, and their findings recorded. Twenty-four (4.8%) of the patients had...

Author(s): P. M. Gwom, D. Atsukwei, E. D. Eze, E. O. Igoh, E. A. Gabkwet, M. D. Adams, K. M. Rabiu and I. Ezekiel

Factors affecting the vaccination status of under five children in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

August 2021

Immunization is the most cost effective of public health intervention geared towards reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. There has been a global increase in the rate of immunization coverage with its attendant decline in vaccine preventable deaths. The immunization coverage in developing countries like Nigeria has however been challenging due to some reasons. Therefore, this study determined the immunization...

Author(s): Sarajudeen Bello, Ikrama Hassan, Taofik Ogunkunle, Olayinka Ibrahim, Abdulmumeen Lawal and Yahaya Issah

Back and upper body musculoskeletal pain and associated factors among medicine and nursing practicing students at university of Gondar, Ethiopia

July 2021

Musculoskeletal pain are common problems for nursing and medicine students especially in developing countries. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of back and upper body musculoskeletal pain among nursing and medicine students at the University of Gondar. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted. Stratified simple random sampling technique and structured self-administered...

Author(s): Getasew Yirdaw, Yonas Lamore, Abate Lette and Sintayehu Daba  

Disseminated tuberculosis with pulmonary and renal infections: A confirmed case in a severely immunocompromised HIV patient

July 2021

Tuberculosis continues to be a major public health issue. The advent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections led to a dramatic increase in extrapulmonary forms of tuberculosis, with a non-negligible number of cases with multifocal lesions. This study reports a disseminated tuberculosis case with pulmonary and renal localization in a severely immunocompromised HIV patient diagnosed by microscopic examination and...

Author(s): Alain Farra, Gaspard Tekpa, Gilles Ngaya, Hervé Gando and Alexandre Manirakiza  

Utility of temperature measurement using non-contact infrared thermometer in detecting elevated temperature as an infection control measure in the era of Covid-19

June 2021

The pandemic nature of the corona virus diseases that emerged at the end of year 2019 (COVID-19) is a major global health concern worldwide. Since high body temperature is a core symptom of the disease, the use of non-contact infrared thermometer for the detection of people with elevated temperature has become one of the measures for infection control as this will identify people that are likely to be incubating the...

Author(s): Babatunde Adewale, Toyosi Raheem, Kazeem Osuolale, Emelda Chukwu, Gideon Liboro, Ebenezer Odewale, Leona Okoli and Oliver Ezechi  

Pain index and health-related quality of life in a Nigerian patient’s cohort with sickle cell anaemia

June 2021

The severity of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) often causes painful episodes of vaso-occlussive crises and affects quality of life. Poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with sickle cell disease has been established. The study aim was to determine the relationship between pain index and HRQoL in Nigerian patients with SCA. The study was a cross-sectional survey of SCA individuals. Data collection was done...

Author(s): Festus Olusola Olowoselu, Oluseun Peter Ogunnubi, Olufunke Itunu Olowoselu, Osahon Enabulele, Olufemi Abiola Oyedeji, Oluwamuyiwa Anthony Ayanshina, and Vincent Oluseye Osunkalu  

Singleton stillbirths in a tertiary public hospital offering free maternity services in southwest Nigeria: A one-year review

May 2021

Stillbirths are major components of perinatal mortalities in Nigeria. The study objectives are to determine the feto-maternal factors associated with antepartum intrauterine fetal deaths (IUFDs) leading to stillbirths as well as compare selected clinical characteristics with normal live births. This prospective observational study was conducted in a free service public hospital in south-western Nigeria. Parturients with...

Author(s): Oladiran Ayodeji and Oyeneyin Lawal  

Prevalence of diaper rash and associated factors among babies aged 0 to 24 months in Adama Administrative City, Central Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

May 2021

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diaper rash and identify associated factors with diaper rash among children between 0 and 24 months of age in Adama Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted with mothers using structured questionaries during face to face interview to assess risk factors associated with diaper rash. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 and Chi-square test was used to...

Author(s): Siraj Jewaro, Yemane G. Mariam and Belay Ali  

Salivary gland tumours in the intraoral region: A retrospective study of cases treated in a teaching hospital in North-West Nigeria

April 2021

Tumours of the minor salivary glands occurring in the oral cavity are uncommon. The oral cavity has many tiny salivary glands which occur in the lip, palate, floor of the mouth, cheeks, tongue and pharynx. Tumour could develop from any of these minor salivary glands. We conducted a retrospective study of twenty-four cases of these tumours treated in our Centre over a period of eleven years. The objective of this study...

Author(s): Omisakin Olatunde Oluleke, Ayuba Iko Godwin, Fomete Benjamin, Ogunsina Modupe and Sannom Yates  

Birth injuries in newborn: A prospective study of deliveries in South-East Nigeria

April 2021

Birth injury is an important cause of short and long-term deformity and disability in children. It is becoming an increasing source of litigation in developing countries. Exploring the magnitude of the problem in a resource-limited setting, and, identifying associated factors, will help reduce its occurrence. This surveillance for birth injuries is a 4-year prospective study conducted in the Enugu State University...

Author(s): Ekwochi Uchenna, Osuorah DI Chidiebere and Asinobi Isaac Nwabueze  

Primary and secondary resistance to first-line anti-tuberculosis medications at the Institute Pasteur Bangui, Central African Republic

March 2021

The emergence and spread of anti-tuberculosis-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis presently represents a real challenge to the WHO's End TB by 2035 strategy. Through this study, we wanted to determine the current prevalence of primary and secondary resistance to first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs at the Pasteur Institute in Bangui. Cultures and sensitivity tests were carried out for 6 months (July -...

Author(s): Alain Farra, Boris Jolly, Gilles Ngaya, Herve Gando, Aristide Desire Komamgoya-Nzonzon, and Alexandre Manirakiza  

Preconception care: What women know, think and do

February 2021

Preconception care are interventions that help in identifying maternal and fetal risk factors that could be prevented and managed in order to reduce materno-fetal morbidities and mortality. The study determined the predictors of knowledge, attitude, and practice of preconception care among women at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. A cross-sectional study conducted among 414 antenatal attendees using a...

Author(s): Ayodeji A. Adeyemo and Oluwasomidoyin O. Bello  

Orthodox and unorthodox practices by traditional birth attendants’ in Nsukka area of Enugu State, Southeast Nigeria

February 2021

Unskilled Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA) is prevalent in rural Nigeria due to communal culture and traditions, their compassionate attitude, and non-availability of appropriate health facilities within the communities. Yet, there is no clear framework defining their roles, locations and practices. This study aimed to identify the pattern and practices of TBA in Nsukka area of Enugu State, and evaluate their roles in...

Author(s): George Onyemaechi Ugwu, Ed Nwobodo, Godwin Uchenna Ezema, Cosmos Onah and Odidika Ugochukwu Umeora  

Predictors of HIV disclosure amongst people living with HIV/AIDS at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

January 2021

HIV serostatus disclosure is a challenging but yet an important step necessary for all people living with HIV/AIDS.  However, divulging such sensitive information by people Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) may be linked with severe consequences which poses as a hindrance to seeking treatment and adherence. This study therefore aims to determine the prevalence and identify determinants of HIV status disclosure among...

Author(s): Oku A. O., Mkpanam N. E., Ekpenyong N. O., Isika A. I. and Akpakpan A.U.  

Pre-hospital management of childhood convulsions in Ilesa, South-west, Nigeria

January 2021

Convulsion evokes a lot of fear in mothers and caregivers whenever it occurs. They even think that their child is dying. Many interventions are  often carried out because of anxiety and limited knowledge. The aim of this study is to examine the interventions instituted by caregivers for children with convulsions before presentation in the hospital for treatment. We prospectively studied all the 276 children that...

Author(s): Olubosede Omolayo Adebukola, Oseni Saheed Babajide, Aladekomo Theophilus Adesola, Bello Olaseinde Emmanuel , Akinlosotu Morenike and Okunnuga Ndidi Aishat  

Quality of health care service assessment using Donabedian model in East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018

December 2020

Donabedian model health care quality assessment measures the difference between expected and actual performance to identify gaps in the health care system, which would serve as a starting point for quality improvement activities. So, the aim of this study was to assess the level of quality of health care with respect to structural settings, actual process of care, and outcomes of care. Institutional based both...

Author(s): Yewbmirt Sharew, Getachew Mullu, Nurilign Abebe and Tsegaye Mehare  

Evaluating the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on visual acuity and intraocular pressure among HIV/AIDS patients in Kano State, Nigeria

December 2020

Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) has been effective in reducing rapidly progressive retinopathies, there are other ocular manifestations of HIV and ocular side effects of HAART which are yet to be determined and evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the effect of HAART on Visual Acuity (VA) and Intraocular Pressure (IOP) among HIV/AIDS patients in Kano State, Nigeria. This was a...

Author(s): Ebisike Philips Ifeanyichukwu, Sadiq Hassan, Timothy Christopher Okechukwu, Ibrahim Usman Yuguda, Ismail Salma Mukhtar, Rabi Yahaya Sani, and Habib Saudat Garba,  

Uptake and reason for discontinuation of long-acting reversible contraception in a tertiary hospital: A 5 years retrospective review

December 2020

Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods, including intrauterine contraceptives and subdermal implants, are some of the most effective contraceptive methods available. They are known to be convenience, cost effective and suitable for many women. The study aims to determine the trends and uptake of long acting reversible contraception in University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, assess the...

Author(s): Bilkisu Isa, Sanusi Mohammed Ibrahim, Mairo Mandara and Babagana Bako  

The evaluation of Cleopatra I score for predicting preterm birth in subjects with threatened preterm labour

November 2020

This work aims to evaluate the Cleopatra I model for the prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in subjects having threatened preterm labour. This is a hospital-based prospective observational study done over a period of one year. A total of one hundred and eleven (111) subjects enrolled in the study. Their demographic factors and previous obstetric history were recorded. A cervical length with a cut-off of 25 mm...

Author(s): Varsha Maran, Nandita Maitra, Tosha Sheth, Palak Vaishnav and Niyati Takhatsinh Parmar  

Evaluating mothers’ knowledge and attitude as a contributing factor to the low childhood immunization uptake in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

November 2020

Childhood immunization remains one of the most important and cost-effective public health interventions that reduces both morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases in children yet it is still underutilized. The study assessed the level of knowledge and attitude of mothers towards childhood immunization. This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study involving 141 mothers that brought their babies...

Author(s): Uzoma Vivian Asiegbu, Dorathy Chinwe Obu, Alfred F.I. Una, Chinonyelum Thecla Ezeonu, and Obiora Kingsley Asiegbu  

Status and perception of intestinal parasitosis among students of a health professional institution in N’Djamena, Chad

November 2020

Intestinal parasitic diseases remain an epidemiology a real problem in Chad, but little research has been done in this area. The purpose of the study is to determine the status of intestinal parasites infection among students in a health professional training institution and to assess their level of perception of this health problem. This prospective and descriptive study took place between June and July 2018. A total...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., , Fombotioh N., , Nack J., Noumga H. ; Issa R. A., , Kemba S., , Brahim B. O., Zenaba M. K. and. Bilong Bilong C. F.  

Assessment of the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS in the city of Lubumbashi, The Democratic Republic of the Congo

October 2020

Worldwide coverage of anti-retroviral treatment has extended life expectancy of people living with HIV and AIDS. The expanded survival time brings into play the patients’ quality of life, on which little data is available in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was administered to 249 patients, mostly females (65%), attending a dedicated centre for the treatment and comprehensive support...

Author(s): Manuel F. Manun’Ebo, Salvatrice Madika Masonga, Didier Mbombo Ndombe, Lay Tshiala, Choudelle Nkulu-wa-Ngoie, Willy Ibibi Ilanga and Pierre Mbang Mazono

Prevalence and identification of fungi associated with Tinea capitis in school children of Morogoro municipality, Tanzania

October 2020

Tinea capitis is one of the major common skin diseases affecting school-age children in developing countries, whose prevalence and associated fungi have not been fully investigated in these countries. This study investigated the prevalence and fungi associated with Tinea capitis infection amongst children attending selected schools in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): Magreth E. Macha, Mariam R. Makange and Gerald Misinzo  

Review of the antioxidant properties of wild edible plants in Ethiopia

September 2020

This work aims to study the potential and importance of wild edible plants (WEPs) as antioxidants in treating different diseases caused by free radicals. A total of 67 species belonging to 50 genera under 36 families and naturally growing in Ethiopia were recorded after assessing all available documents. About 16.2% of the total (413) WEPs were recorded in the country. The plant families with more number of species...

Author(s): Nigussie Amsalu, and Zemede Asfaw  

Severity of coronary atherosclerosis in hypertensive: A postmortem study

September 2020

The development of coronary atherosclerosis and ischaemic heart disease had been attributed to risk factors that include but not limited to hypertension. These factors were determined without reference to data from autopsy studies. It is likely that there is no significant difference on the grades of coronary atherosclerosis in hypertensive’s when compared with the non-hypertensive’s. The aim of this study,...

Author(s): AZEKE, Akhator Terence and IMASOGIE, Dele Eradebamwen  

Levels of some reproductive hormones, cadmium and lead among fuel pump attendants in Benin City, Nigeria

September 2020

Infertility is a common public health challenge in Nigeria. The causes of infertility in both males and females are multifactorial, and the contributions of endocrine abnormalities had been reported from both the Northern and Southern regions of Nigeria. The effect of occupational exposure on endocrine levels among petrol pump attendants has not been sufficiently documented in our setting.  This study evaluated the...

Author(s): Mathias A. Emokpae and Fidelis O. Oyakhire  

Determinants of pre-cervical cancer among women visiting Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia: A case control study

August 2020

Cervical cancer is the most common and lethal form of cancer occurring among women of sub- Saharan Africa and Ethiopia. Despite its wider occurrence, cervical cancer is preventable and curable if it is diagnosed and treated in its pre-cancerous stage. Recognizing the risk factors associated with pre- cervical cancer lesion is important to design appropriate strategies for prevention of cervical cancer. However, studies...

Author(s): Abiy Semunigus Dejene and Dejene Hailu  

Factors associated with child’s comorbid diarrhea and pneumonia in rural Democratic Republic of the Congo

August 2020

Diarrhea and pneumonia are leading killers of the world’s youngest children. The toll is highly concentrated in the most disadvantaged children from 15 high-burden countries. The present research reports the factors associated with the comorbidity of the two killer diseases in the context of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), one of the 15 countries suffering the most from the blights. This analysis of...

Author(s): Manuel F. Manun’Ebo, and Choudelle Nkulu-wa-Ngoie  

Computed tomography angiographic evaluation of vascular pathology in a Nigerian tertiary hospital

July 2020

Computed Tomography Angiography has progressively replaced the invasive conventional angiography, and has now become the preferred modality for the diagnosis and characterization of most cardiovascular abnormalities. Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) alone is mostly sufficient to adequately evaluate vascular lesions in various disease conditions. This study reports the institutional evaluation of various vascular...

Author(s): Adekanmi Ademola Joseph and Osobu Babatunde Ebenezer  

Assessment of the causes of mortality among HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania

July 2020

 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affects immune system, thereby impairing the normal functions of immune system. Causes of mortality among HIV patients have become more diverse and deaths from AIDS-related diseases have continued to change over the years. This study aimed to assess causes of death among HIV patients admitted in Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital, Tanzania. A retrospective hospital-based study...

Author(s): Ebenezer Abimbola Morolahun, Frank Moshi Ndayeza, Happyfania Primi Kilenga, Flora Marwa Magige, Hidaya Rashid Matata, Mathew Shileka Samwel and Senga Kali Pemba  

Glycaemic control and correlation between estimated average glucose and glycated haemoglobin in diabetic patients seen in a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria

June 2020

Diabetes mellitus is on the increase worldwide and in Nigeria, with prevalence ranging from 0.65% in rural Mangu to as high as 11.0% in urban Lagos.  Its prevention, early diagnosis and adequate treatment to prevent morbidity and mortality are essential. Glycated haemoglobin estimation is a marker of glycaemic control and it reflects average plasma glucose over previous eight to twelve weeks. Reporting estimated...

Author(s): Adewolu Olanike F. and Ohenhen Oluwatoyin A.  

Pattern of gynaecological malignancies in a Nigerian tertiary hospital

June 2020

The sociodemographic and histological patterns of gynaecological malignancies is important in their management. Facilities are now available for prevention, detection, treatment and palliative care for the wide spectrum of female genital tract malignancies. The study aim to determine the socio demographic and histological patterns of Gynaecological malignancies identified at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital...

Author(s): I. F. Osinachi, N. Adewole, A. D. Isah, H. I. Abdullahi and E. T. Agida  

Renal Doppler values in healthy Nigerian children: Anthropometric variations

June 2020

The rising morbidity and mortality from end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among children in sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria is now a primary health concern. Due to this, an accurate, simple, affordable, non-invasive method for early diagnosis of renal diseases in children is needed to prevent progression to ESRD. In this prospective, cross-sectional study among children with no evidence of clinical and pathologic...

Author(s): Atalabi O. M., Adekanmi A. J., Olatunji R. B. and Akinmoladun J. A.  

Discontinuation of intrauterine device: Are the reasons changing?

May 2020

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are among the most widely used contraceptive methods and users discontinue use despite its effectiveness due to different reasons. This study is aimed at determining the reasons for IUD discontinuation. A retrospective survey was conducted at Family Planning Clinic of University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, IUD - duration of use and...

Author(s): Oluwasomidoyin Olukemi Bello and Adebayo Damilola Agboola  

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in non-elderly adults (18-64 years) working indoors at 40° north latitude

February 2020

There are very few reports focusing on a role of vitamin D in falls and the related factors in the non-elderly (18-64 years). A cross-sectional survey was addressed to investigate associations between falls, the related factors, and 25[OH]D3 status in 256 non-elderly adults that regularly work indoors at latitude 40° north region. The mean value of the serum 25[OH]D3 was 15.6 ± 7.0 ng/ml. We divided the serum...

Author(s): Koichiro Okuyama, Tadato Kido, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Kimitaka Tajimi and Yoichi Shimada

Sero-prevalence of Hepatitis B and C infection among patients with end stage renal disease at haemodialysis initiation

February 2020

Hepatitis sero-positivity at initiation of haemodialysis may suggest a causal role or arise due to repeated blood transfusions and reduced immunity associated with advanced chronic kidney disease.  This study was to determine the sero-prevalence of Hepatitis B and C infection at initiation of haemodialysis, and describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients.  This is a cross-sectional study of...

Author(s): Ogochukwu Chinedum Okoye  

Perineo-genital injury secondary to sexual assault in a 3-month old female

December 2019

Traumatic injuries to the perineum and external genitalia in children may be accidental, self-inflicted or the result of assault.  Sexual assaults account for majority of the injuries in developed countries while accidental injuries occur more in underdeveloped and developing countries. The injuries may be isolated or associated with trauma to other areas of the body. Perineal injuries constitute 0.2% of the...

Author(s): Nwokoro C. C., Ayoade B. A., Salami B. A., Emmanuel E. A. , Fatungase O. M., Amosu L. O. and Ogundele I. O.  

An exploration on blood donation intention among population in Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia; theory of planned behaviour approach: A qualitative study

July 2019

Millions of lives are saved each year through blood transfusions. Blood donation is therefore considered as a humanitarian act and a positive behavioural phenomenon. To explore intention to donate blood among Hawassa city population, southern Ethiopia, 2017, a qualitative study using the theory of planned behaviour was employed. Data collection was done using a semi-structured interview guide with open-ended questions....

Author(s): Dereje Geleta and Berhan Meshesha  

Quality of hospital admission documentation: A study in an emergency paediatric unit of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria

July 2019

Medical documentation, in addition to being a legal and research tool, is vital in providing quality patient care. In Nigeria, hand written documentation without proforma, is the norm. We assessed the quality of doctors’ documentation of children admitted into Emergency Paediatrics Unit (EPU), Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH). A 3-month cross-sectional study of admission records by different...

Author(s): K.O, Isezuo, A. Adamu, F. B. Jiya, T. Yusuf, U. M. Sani, N. M. Jiya, B. O. Onankpa, P. K. Ibitoye, M. O. Ugege and B. I. Garba  

Foeto-maternal outcome of abruptio placentae at a Nigerian tertiary hospital

June 2019

Abruptio placentae remain a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality and a significant cause of perinatal loss especially in the resource poor countries like Nigeria. The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors, maternal and perinatal outcomes of patients managed for abruptio placentae at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, (UATH), during a five-year period. A retrospective 5-year review...

Author(s): N. Adewole, A. D. Isah and I. F. Osinachi  

Efficacy of intravenous tranexamic acid at reducing blood loss during elective caesarean section in Abakaliki: A double blind randomized placebo controlled trial

April 2019

Increasing caesarean section rate is a source of concern to obstetricians due to the attendant increased health risk, its commonest complication is bleeding, which occasionally may be life threatening. Tranexamic acid has recently been investigated as a potentially useful adjunct for the prevention of maternal morbidity. The research aim to evaluate the efficacy of tranexamic acid at reducing blood loss during elective...

Author(s): Obi V. O., Umeora O. U. J., Dimejesi I. B. O., Asiegbu O., Mgbafulu C. C., Ifemelumma C. C. and Obi C. N.  

Utilization of Postnatal Care Services after home delivery in Ethiopia: A Multilevel Logistic Regression Analysis

January 2019

Despite postnatal care services significant role in improving maternal and new-born health, services are underutilized in most developing countries including Ethiopia. Utilization of postnatal care services in many countries is very low. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of postnatal care service utilization and also, identify determinant factors of utilization of postnatal care services and assess the...

Author(s): Yebelay Berelie, Endalew Tesfa and Tizazu Bayko  

A 10‑Year Review of Ultrasonographic Findings of Scrotal Diseases in Ibadan, South Western, Nigeria

June 2018

Introduction: Despite the importance of a thorough clinical evaluation, ultrasonography has emerged as the mainstay of imaging of the scrotum and its contents. Differentiation of testicular lesions and that of adjacent scrotum and content is usually difficult clinically. Scrotal ultrasound (SUSS) is highly sensitive in the detection of intrascrotal abnormalities and in differentiating testicular from paratesticular...

Author(s): Ademola Joseph Adekanmi, Adenike Temitayo Adeniji‑Sofoluwe, Gbolahan Obajimi, Ekwutosi Okafor

Diagnostic Reference Levels for Mammography Examinations in North Eastern Nigeria

June 2018

Background: Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) plays an important role in health‑care delivery and radiation safety of patients. This study was carried out as part of a comprehensive project to establish DRLs for the radiological examinations for the first time in North Eastern Nigeria. Objective of the Study: The aim is to establish DRL for mammography examination in North Eastern Nigeria and to compare it with...

Author(s): Dlama Zira Joseph, Christian Chukwuemeka Nzotta, Joseph Dimas Skam, Mohammed Sani Umar, Dambele Y. Musa

Work‑Related Respiratory Symptoms and Cardiopulmonary Function Impairment of Factory Workers in a Cement Company in South‑West Nigeria

June 2018

Background: Cement factory workers are exposed to dangerous cement dust while at workplace especially in the developing countries where little or no safety standards are followed. This study investigated the work‑related respiratory symptoms and cardiopulmonary functions’ impairment in cement factory workers in South‑West, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Seventy cement exposed workers and 70 age‑matched...

Author(s): Happiness Anulika Aweto, Bosede Abidemi Tella, Adetutu Islamiyyah Lateef

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Gastroduodenal Diseases in Kano, Nigeria

June 2018

Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been well noted as a causative agent of many diseases in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract notably, gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastric adenocarcinoma. Determining the burden and the risk factors for acquiring this infection may be crucial to containing it and its sequelae in Kano, Nigeria. Methodology: The study was cross‑sectional in design. Questionnaires...

Author(s): Ahmad Kumo Bello, Ali Bala Umar, Musa Muhammad Borodo

Incidence and Pattern of Dog Bite Injuries Treated in the Emergency Room of a Teaching Hospital South East Nigeria

June 2018

Background: Dog bite injury treated in the emergency room varies from and within sub regions in pattern and potential risk of transmission of rabies. This variation has implications in its morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of dog bite injuries treated in a teaching hospital emergency room setting of a developing country. Patients and Methods: This was a...

Author(s): Njoku Isaac Omoke, Ndubuisi Onu Chukwueloka Onyemaechi

Anesthesia for Emergency Cesarean Section: A Comparison of Spinal versus General Anesthesia on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes

June 2018

Background: Despite the relative safety of cesarean section (CS), increasing CS rate is a cause for concern to obstetricians and anesthetists because of the attendant increased health risk one of which is the risk of anesthesia. The choice of anesthesia for cesarean section depends on the indication for the surgery, the urgency of intervention required, the maternal and/or fetal status, and the patient’s desires....

Author(s): Vitus Okwuchukwu Obi, Odidika Ugochukwu J. Umeora,

Lead in Potable Water Sources in Anambra State, South East, Nigeria

June 2018

Introduction: Due to lack of treated water supply in major cities and settlements in Anambra state, Nigeria, majority of the population obtain potable water directly from boreholes, streams, sachet, harvested rain, and well water sources. Lead‑laden potable water may be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Anambra state, Nigeria. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the presence of lead in...

Author(s): Ignatius C. Maduka, Anthony I. Anakwuo, Nnamdi P. Ogueche

Musculoskeletal Tumors of the Extremities: Challenges and Outcome of Management in a Nigeria Tertiary Hospital

June 2018

Background: Patients with musculoskeletal tumors in developing countries often present late to the hospital and this poses serious challenges to the management, especially for malignant tumors. This study aims to highlight the various types of musculoskeletal extremity tumors seen in a Nigerian tertiary health center during the study period, the challenges encountered in managing them, and the outcome of the...

Author(s): O. N. Salawu, O. M. Babalola, G. H. Ibraheem, C. Nwosu, A. K. Suleiman, D. M. Kadir, B. A. Ahmed, J. O. Mejabi, A. A. Fadimu, T. O. Adeyemi, W. O. Olawole

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