International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 635

IJBC Articles

Diversity, structure and health of a cocoa based agroforest system in the Humid dense forest, East Cameroon

October 2021

Cocoa is a major cash crop in Cameroon, where its production and export contributes significantly to the national economy and in poverty alleviation. Cocoa-based agroforestry systems (cAFS) have been recognised as a fair strategy for natural resource management, combining both the agricultural and conservation objectives. This study aims to (1) assess the diversity, (2) analyses the floristic and structural...

Author(s): Essomba Henry Seraphin, Betti Jean Lagarde, Priso Richard, Ngueguim Jules and Njimbam Oumar Farrick

Ethnobotanical study of the coconut palm in the Coastal Zone of Benin

July 2021

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.), also known as “tree of life”, is widely distributed across the Coastal Zone in Benin, where its cultivation is most important. Using participatory research appraisal tools and techniques, a survey was conducted in this zone to assess the diversity of coconut ecotypes, associated endogenous knowledge and their utilization. Nineteen villages randomly selected, and...

Author(s): Ulysse Ayihaou DAA-KPODE, Gustave DJEDATIN, Edmond SACLA AIDE, Kolawolé Valère SALAKO, Farid BABA-MOUSSA and Kifouli ADEOTI,

Assessment of the diversity and abundance of tree species in Afe Babalola University, Ado- Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

July 2021

In this study, an assessment of trees diversity and abundance in the Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria was carried out. Stratified sampling method was employed. The University was divided into four strata for adequate sampling (Stratum A, B, C, D). The results revealed a total of 816 individual trees of 21 tree species belonging to 16 families. The family Aracaceae has the highest number of species...

Author(s): Jeje A. A., Olanipekun M. K. and Otoide J. E.

Tree species composition and diversity in Agoro-Agu Central Forest Reserve, Lamwo District, Northern Uganda

July 2021

Tree species composition and diversity were assessed in Agoro-Agu Central Forest Reserve located in Lamwo district-Northern Uganda. Fifteen transects, each 2 km long, were established in the reserve. A procedure of nested quadrats was employed for a systematic sampling of mature trees, saplings and seedlings at 100 m interval(s). Vegetation analysis was conducted in Species Diversity and Richness (SDRiv) software. A...

Author(s): John Bosco Lamoris Okullo, Sylvano Afai, Grace Nangendo and James Kalema

Assessment the conservation status and vulnerability of the ichthyological population of the Bandama River in the Marahoué Region (Central West of Côte d'Ivoire)

July 2021

The conservation status and the vulnerability to fishing pressure of the ichthyological population of the Bandama River located in the Marahoué Region (Côte d’Ivoire) were assessed. Sampling of fish fauna was conducted from September 2019 to November 2020 using experimental and artisanal fisheries. The results of International Union for Conservation of Nature show that, the majority of the fish...

Author(s): OUATTARA Dramane, ASSI Sonan Romuald, KONAN Kouakou Séraphin and BOUSSOU Koffi Charles

Forest cover change due to large scale plantation agriculture and community perception of its impact on climate variability in Nguti sub-division, South West Cameroon Region

July 2021

This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of plantation agriculture on land use, land cover change in the Nguti sub division and to investigate resident’s perception about the effects of land use, land cover change on local climatic variability. Satellite maps from Landsat multispectral images were processed using Arc GIS 8 to assess land cover change overtime. Structured questionnaires, focused group...

Author(s): Clara Enow Ayombe, Amahui George Amenhwi and Mbah Ignatius Ngala

Impact of protected areas on the livelihood of locals: A case study in Saadani National Park, Tanzania

July 2021

We randomly selected 200 households from the four villages (50 per village) based on the household distance from the park: villages settled close to the park and villages settled further away from the park. Besides, qualitative methods including focus group discussions and direct observations, were used. Community activities differed between the two groups of villages (close and far from the park). Furthermore, local...

Author(s): Franco P. Mbise, Beatrice Moshi and Eivin Røskaft

Spatial distribution, ecological niche model of pignut and control eradication strategies in the context of climate and global change for Benin, West Africa

July 2021

Benin’s native biodiversity, like other countries in the world, is facing biological invasions through the proliferation of invasive alien species. One of them, the pignut (Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze, Lamiaceae), represents a serious threat to the biodiversity. The control of its spatial distribution and ecological niche are essential to understand its favorable spatial area and predict its dynamics. The...

Author(s): AÏKPON Gorgias, KOURA Kourouma and GANGLO C. Jean

Can conservation incentives promote willingness to coexist with large carnivores in the eastern Serengeti ecosystem?

July 2021

Communities living adjacent to protected areas tend to express more willingness to coexist with large carnivores in their areas when they receive tangible benefits. The aim of this study was to explore people’s willingness to coexist with large carnivores, including lions (Panthera leo), leopards (Panthera pardus), cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) and...

Author(s): Franco P. Mbise and Eivin Røskaft

Breeding biology and diet of the Madagascar Buzzard Buteo brachypterus in the Bemanevika Protected Area, Madagascar

April 2021

The breeding biology and diet of the endemic Madagascar Buzzard Buteo brachypterus, in Bemanevika Protected Area, northern Madagascar, was studied in 2017 and 2018. Nest building occurred from early August to early September, egg laying from late August to early October, hatching between September and October and fledging between November and December. Laying peaked in September (n = 24 pairs). Twenty-four breeding...

Author(s): Laurent Raveloson, Lily-Arison Rene de Roland, Marius Rakotondratsima, Armand Benjara and Russell Thorstrom

Physiological ecology of ferns: Biodiversity and conservation perspectives

April 2021

Ferns have a long geological record extending over millions of years, and they are distributed in diverse environments worldwide; including swamps, coastal locations, open grasslands, mountain terrains, drylands and deserts. Consequently, their physiological ecology is rich with examples of the fern species diversity, and remarkable adaptive variability. This is a review of some major aspects of their physiological...

Author(s): O. Roger Anderson

Studies on Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) fruits storage and different preservation technologies for domestication

April 2021

In order to prevent a Shea seed from germination when stored, a preservation technology was adopted using different polythene bags which include a white transparent polythene bag of 500 mm gauge, big size perforated brown envelope, and black polythene bags of 500 mm guage. The results revealed that the Shea seeds preserved in the white transparent polythene bags retained their viability for six months which can then be...

Author(s): Koloche, I. M., Ikuenobe, C. E., Solomon, S., Enaberue, L. O., Garba, H., Mohammed, A. and Yahaya, S. A.

Invertebrate fauna associated with the cultivation of Vernonia calvoana calvoana (Asteraceae) in Yaoundé (Center-Cameroon)

April 2021

Vernonia calvoana is a culture spread across the world and prized for its culinary and medicinal virtues. The data was collected in Yaoundé, Central Cameroon region through manual harvesting at two stations from 2017 to 2019. A total of 168 species or morphospecies belonging to 47 families and 12 orders from two phyla were collected. The most abundant phylum was Arthropoda which represented 99.96% of the total...

Author(s): EBANGUE TITTI Oscar Giovanni William, MONY Ruth and NOLA Moïse

The effects of anthropogenic activities on the regeneration of flora in duekoué and scio forests in Southwestern Côte D’ivoire

February 2021

The aim of this study is to understand how the crop farms and forest plantations affect the regeneration of local flora. Ten plots of 10 m × 10 m size were established per vegetation type and all DBH categories of vascular plants were inventoried. The richness of adult plants (DBH ≥10 cm) was similar to those of juvenile plants (10 cm > DBH ≥1 cm), which was between 20 and 50 times lower than the richness...

Author(s): François N’Guessan Kouame and Marina Lucette Amany Kone

Climate change study in Burkina Faso from 1987 to 2018: An online systematic review for future directions

February 2021

In this paper, we perform a bibliometric analysis of published climate change research in Burkina Faso for the period of 1987 to 2018. More specifically, this article aims at (1) revealing the temporal, and categorical patterns in climate change research; (2) summarizing the global research trends from multiple perspectives; and (3) providing an alternative demonstration of research advancements about climate change...

Author(s): Rimwaodo P. Silga, Adama Oueda, Idrissa Ouedraogo, Komandan Mano, Peter D. M. Weesie and Gustave B. Kabre

Species composition, seasonal abundance and distribution of avifauna in Lake Hawassa and part of the Eastern Wetland habitats, Southern Ethiopia

February 2021

This study was carried out in Lake Hawassa, Tikur wuha riverine habitat and Cheleleka wetland from August 2017 to February 2018. The study aims to investigate species composition, seasonal abundance and distribution of birds. Systematic random sampling techniques at an interval of 3 km were used to select sampling blocks. T-test and one way ANOVA were applied for analysis of the effect of season on the composition and...

Author(s): Amare Gibru and Girma Mengesha

Communities’ attitudes and perceptions towards the status, use and management of Kapolet Forest Reserve in Kenya

October 2020

Forest communities play a vital role in the conservation of forest resources. Understanding communities’ use, attitudes and perceptions of forests and management measures is significant in attaining conservation goals and reducing forest resource use conflicts. This study sought to assess local community’ forest resources use and their perception towards forest status, use and management. Data was collected...

Author(s): Brian Rotich, Stanley Makindi and Moses Esilaba

Analysis of forest cover change in Yabello Forest, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

October 2020

Analyzing trends of land use and the change over time is an effective way for assessing the impact on ecosystem function. A study was conducted to detect forest cover change of Yabello forest between 1986 and 2016. The land use maps of 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016 were derived from satellite images. The spatial pattern analysis indicated that the Yabello land use/land cover (LULC) is at a dynamic state and forests had...

Author(s): Sisay Taye Gifawesen, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Gudina Legesse Feyissa  

Dynamics of supply services provided by a protected forest in Côte d'Ivoire

October 2020

The classified forest of Haut-Sassandra (CFHS) located in the Center-West of Côte d'Ivoire was infiltrated by the population for agriculture in the 2000s. This forest, initially devoted to timber production before its degradation, is today a vast cocoa-growing area associated with food crops, mainly plantains. The objective of the present study is to assess the overall production of wood, cocoa, and plantain...

Author(s): Yao S. S. Barima, Adjo A. Y. Assalé, Anombrou F. A. E. Adiko, Akoua T. M. Kouakou and Issouf Bamba  

Insights of Legal and illegal wildlife hunting in Selous and Rungwa Game Reserves in the South-East and Central Tanzania

October 2020

There is a lack of consensus among conservationists regarding the association between trophy hunting and wildlife poaching. Anti-hunting groups argue that trophy hunting is against animal welfare and contributes to wildlife population decline so it must be refuted. On the other hand, pro-hunting groups for advocate regulated hunting as an essential tool for supporting habitat protection and reducing crimes. Regulated...

Author(s): Gasto J. Lyakurwa, Rudolf Mremi and Alex W. Kisingo

Underfunding, the challenge of federally managed protected areas of Ethiopia

October 2020

This paper presents an analysis of the costs of protected areas (PAs) management in Ethiopia, specifically those managed by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority. The authority is managing a network of protected area (PA) systems covering an area of about 29,950 km2. Primary and secondary data were used. A total of 3,045 rangers are required to effectively control illegal activities. The estimated number...

Author(s): Simeneh Admasu, Hadis Tadele, Mekbeb Tessema and Zelealem Tefera

Abundance, distribution and ecological impacts of invasive plant species in Maputo Special Reserve, Mozambique

October 2020

With a few exceptions, comprehensive assessment of invasive plants species (IPSs) list that invade Maputo Special Reserve’s natural ecosystems is lacking. Some available data are either preliminary or localised, or focus on agricultural weeds that leave an ecological gap about IPSs. In order to establish this gap, a study was conducted to asses the impact of IPSs in Maputo Special Reserve. A stratified random...

Author(s): Byabasaija Syliver, Natasha Ribeiro, Eunice Cavane and Matola Salimo

Impact of cocoa cultivation in the forest-savannah transition zone of western Côte d'Ivoire

October 2020

The mountainous relief of Western Region of Côte d'Ivoire, as well as large savannas bordering the dense semi-deciduous forests, did not make this part of the country an area suitable for cocoa cultivation. However, in search of forest land for cocoa cultivation, a large influx of people has been observed in this area over the last decade. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of human pressure...

Author(s): Kadio Attey N. Koua, Kouassi B. Kpangui and Yao Sadaiou S. Barima

Effect of pesticide use on weeds, pollinators and microbial activity in Nzoia Sugar Basin of Western Kenya

October 2020

Diversity of flowering plants, pollinators and microbial activity was assessed in five farms of Nzoia Sugar Company and one outgrower farm in Western Kenya. The overarching study objective was to determine differences in species diversity in the sugar farms using agrochemicals and those not using. To sample flowering plants, transects were laid along sugar farms with quadrats 20 m apart. Sweep nets captured fauna flying...

Author(s): Rebecca Ngumburu Karanja, Anastasia Wairimu Muia, Catherine Kariuki,  Anastasia Njoki Ngigi Reuben Mukundi Njue and Joseph Maina Kariuki  

Typology of cocoa-based agroforestry systems of the semi-deciduous forest zone in Togo (West Africa)

October 2020

In the tropical zone, cocoa-based agroforest systems (CAFS) are considered as a mean to maintain and conserve biodiversiy. In the sub-humid zone of Togo (West Africa), agroforest plant species are key components of the landscape and agricultural lands. Cocoa and coffee agroforest systems contribute directly and indirectly to the livelihoods of an estimated one million people in Togo. Despite this fact, there is only few...

Author(s): Oyetounde DJIWA, Hodabalo PEREKI and Kudzo Atsu GUELLY

Small mammal community demography and reproductive seasonality under protection, pastoralism and agriculture in the Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania

October 2020

This work examined population demography and reproductive seasonality among small mammals under protection, pastoralism and agriculture in the Serengeti Ecosystem in 2017 and 2018. Small mammals were trapped to quantify variation in the proportions of actively breeding individuals, juvenile recruitment and adult sex ratio across land use types and seasons. Breeding peaked in the wet season, reflecting a corresponding...

Author(s): Monica Shilereyo, Flora J. Magige, Joseph O. Ogutu and Eivin Røskaft

Community dependency and perceptions of a protected area in a threatened ecoregion of Myanmar

October 2020

Local communities living adjacent to protected areas (PA) play a vital role in biodiversity conservation. Understanding communities’ use and perceptions of a PA will increase its conservation effectiveness through reducing anthropogenic pressures and improving park-people relationship. This study assessed local communities’ dependency on the PA and perceptions of benefits and costs accrued from the PA. Using...

Author(s): Thazin Htay,  and  Eivin Røskaft  

Attitudes of local leaders towards wildlife conservation in village areas in southern Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Karatu District, Tanzania

July 2020

Understanding attitudes of local leaders towards conservation issues in village areas surrounding protected areas is vital for the success of sustainable biodiversity conservation. This is because of the need of designing effective conservation programs outside protected areas and to reduce resource-based conflicts involving local communities and protected areas. Twenty villages in Karatu district located between...

Author(s): Kwaslema Malle Hariohay, Joseph Gwandu Gambay and Eivin Røskaft  

Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plant uses and threatening factors around the Malga District, Southern Ethiopia

July 2020

The study conducted in Malga district in 2019 aimed at documenting indigenous medicinal plants use among the Kebeles community, and the factors threatening local knowledge on medicinal plants before suggesting ways to overcome such threats. A total of 100 informants were selected and snowball sampling techniques were used. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews, field observations, guided...

Author(s): Sintayehu Tamene  

Climate variability, biodiversity dynamics and perceptions of local populations in Waza National Park (Far North Region, Cameroon)

July 2020

Climate variability is one of the major ecological challenges of the 21st century in Waza Logone Plain in the Far North region of Cameroon. The physical environment in this area has almost completly deteriorated as a result of declining rainfall and rising temperatures. A study was carried out to understand the dynamics of biodiversity in terms of climate variability in the Waza National Park. This study was based on...

Author(s): Souare Konsala, Megaï Mahamat Hamaye, Hamawa Yougouda, Rousgou Gnowe Romain, Djibrilla Mana and Tchobsala

Floristic diversity and stand structural analysis of gallery forests in Ajei highland watershed community forest, North West Cameroon: Implications for forest conservation and management

July 2020

The study was aimed at contributing to sustainable management of Ajei Highlands Watershed Community Forest, one of the vulnerable and highly threatened biological hotspots remaining within the Cameroon western highlands through an analysis of its woody species diversity and stand structure. The results of inventory of its 12 gallery forest patches through 17 permanent sample plots (20 m x 50 m) with multiple spatial...

Author(s): Gordon N. Ajonina, Lucie Felicité Temgoua, Mbacham Chenyuei Itagah, Ngoh Micheal Lyonga, Prince Etame and David Chick Forkam  

Potential of Acacia for poverty alleviation in Rorya District-Tanzania

July 2020

Rorya is one of new districts in Tanzania established in 2007. The district is a reflection of typical rural life in Africa South of Sahara where rural communities inhabiting dry woodlands and dependent on natural resources for their sustenance do not consider indigenous tree species as valuable resources of income. The study was conducted in the low lands of Rorya district-Tanzania to assess contribution of wild Acacia...

Author(s): Joseph Nicolao Otieno  

Communities’ perceptions regarding the impact of Hoima-Tanga crude oil pipeline on the loss of biodiversity in Swagaswaga Game Reserve, Tanzania

July 2020

This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions of communities surrounding the Swagaswaga Game Reserve regarding the impact of the proposed Hoima-Tanga crude oil pipeline on biodiversity loss. The pipeline will transect the game reserve and some of the neighbouring villages. The study involved 156 randomly selected respondents from four purposefully selected villages located at 0 to 10 km and 11 to 20 km from the game...

Author(s): Nyamasija F. Nyakeko,, Julius W. Nyahongo and Eivin Røskaft  

Daily activity patterns and relative abundance of medium and large mammals in a communal natural protected area on the central coast of Oaxaca, Mexico

July 2020

Anthropogenic disturbances cause direct and indirect effects on the global decline in biodiversity. For better planning strategies on the conservation of medium and large mammals in Oaxaca, we present an analysis of daily activity patterns of medium and large mammals and their relative abundance in a Communal Natural Protected Area (CNPA) on the central coast of Oaxaca, Mexico. Sampling was carried out between November...

Author(s): Alejandra Buenrostro Silva, Osciel Sánchez Núñez and Jesús García-Grajales  

Efficiencies of three insect collection methods in Lamto, Côte d’Ivoire

July 2020

Insects are of ecological and economic importance. This study was carried out to compare the efficiency of the three main insect sampling methods namely, sweep net, hand sampling and the light trap and also to show the biodiversity distribution from Lamto habitats for good biological conservation. A total of 379 individuals belonging to 9 orders were collected. Significantly, more individuals were collected by sweeping...

Author(s): Dohouonan Diabaté and Yao Tano

Assessment of impact of ecological elevation on grass species’ diversity in Yabello Rangeland, Southern Ethiopia

April 2020

Elevation has great impact on species’ diversity; it creates ecologically diverse vegetation. Studying species’ richness patterns at different scales is very important both for ecological explanations and effective conservation design. In this study, grass vegetation data were collected using systematic sampling methods. 18 transects and 54 quadrants were laid, with 6 transects and 18 quadrants from each...

Author(s): Yeneayehu Fenetahun,, Wang Yong-dong, and XU-Xinwen,  

Floristic assessment of semi evergreen forests of a peripheral site in Hadagarh Sanctuary, Odisha, India

April 2020

Phytosociological study was carried out in the outer periphery region of Hadagarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, India. An attempt has been made to find out the characteristics of the vegetation community of the forests of the sanctuary. Analysis of the vegetation was done following the standard ecological methods widely adopted for such studies (quadrat method). A total of 68 plant species from 30 families were documented...

Author(s): Ashis K. Dash, V. P. Upadhyay and H. K. Patra

Ingestion of plastic debris affects feeding intensity in the rocky shore crab Pachygrapsus transversus Gibbes 1850 (Brachyura: Grapsidae)

April 2020

The aim of this study was to investigate the plastic consumption by the rocky shore crab Pachygrapsus transversus and its effects in the species feeding activity. Specimens were collected monthly from August 2019 to January 2020 in a coral reef located in the north-eastern Brazilian coast, taken to the research laboratory, where they had their stomach removed, degree of fullness determined for each stomach and...

Author(s): Matheus Souza Ferreira de Barros, Tereza Cristina dos Santos Calado, Alberis Santos Silva and Ewerton Vieira dos Santos

Polymorphism of Cyclops abyssorum mauritaniae (Copepoda, Cyclopoidae) collected from Algeria water bodies

April 2020

Three morphotypes A, B and C were isolated after description of Cyclops abyssorum mauritaniae populations obtained from 46 Algerian water bodies. These are described based on their morphometric characters. Morphotype A found in six localities characterized the east of Algeria, morphotype B was collected in the west of Algeria, while morphotype C was collected in High Mountain in the North. After dissection of certain...

Author(s): Safia Akli-Bidi and Sybille Maas  

Poor regeneration of Brown Oak (Quercus semecarpifolia Sm.) in high altitudes: A case study from Tungnath, Western Himalaya

April 2020

This study was carried out in the timberline zone of Tungnath, Chopta region of the Chamoli District in India at eight altitudinal zones from 2,500 to 3,200 m, where the regeneration of Brown Oak was found to be very low. The data were obtained during the rainy season (August-September, 2016) by making counts of mature trees, saplings and seedlings in survey plots (50 × 50 m) at each of the eight altitudes. The...

Author(s): Sunil Chandra Joshi and O. Roger Anderson

An appraisal of ecotourism's impact on biodiversity conservation: The case of Campo Ma'an National Park, Cameroon

April 2020

Ecotourism is often perceived as a strategy for sustainable biodiversity conservation for protected areas. In Cameroon, there is dearth of information on the impacts of ecotourism on biodiversity conservation of protected areas. The main thrust of this study is to examine local population's perceptions of the impact of ecotourism on biodiversity conservation in and around the Campo Ma'an National Park (CMNP)....

Author(s): Gadinga W. Forje Tchamba N. Martin and Eno-Nku Manasseh  

Biological diversity of agroforestry species in the socioeconomic context of producers in the Barh-kôh Department, Southern Chad: Case of Kissimi, Mayelé and Badara villages

January 2020

This study aims to better understand the woody biodiversity and the relationship between the state of tree cover in the Agroforestry Park and the management units, and also to know the socio-economic role played by the trees of the parks. The study was conducted in 3 villages in Barh-kôh Department, Chad, between May and November 2018. A plot of 2500 m2 has been materialized in each management unit and the species...

Author(s): Guiguindibaye MADJIMBE, Touroumgaye GOALBAYE, Mbatbral NASKIDA, Senghor MAINKETE and Bansedi NGARIKLA  

Woody species diversity, structure and biomass carbon of parkland agroforestry practices in Gindeberet District, West Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

January 2020

Parkland agroforestry woody species are prominent features in many landscapes worldwide, and their ecological, social and economic importance is widely acknowledged. It is the traditional agroforestry systems from different countries and is almost a universal occurrence in Ethiopia. This study was conducted in Gindeberet District, West Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia to assess the parkland agroforestry woody...

Author(s): Daba Misgana, Simon Shibru and Rejash Chauhan  

Forest structure and carbon stocks of Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove, Nigeria

January 2020

Forest trees and soil are considered for climate change mitigation. Forest structure of the grove is required to predict its capacity to mitigate climate change. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the forest structure and carbon stocks of Osun-Osogbo Sacred grove. Five (30 × 30 m2) plots were demarcated in Old-growth forest (OF) and Re-growth forest (RF). Trees with ≥10 cm...

Author(s): Oladele Fisayo FALADE and Adesoji Joshua TAIWO

Wild potatoes of series Circaeifolia (Solanun section Petota) in the Bolivian Andean region, a new evaluation of its distribution

January 2020

The Circaeifolia series species are only from Bolivia. They are species that have particular morphological characteristics different from any other within the Petota section. The taxa of the series Circaeifolia, Solanum circaeifolim, Solanum capsicibaccatum and Solanum soestii (recently grouped as Solanum stipuloideum Rusby) have been distinguished by morphological characteristics and molecular analysis, however, they...

Author(s): Coca Morante, Mario  

Tree community structure and recruitment dynamics in savanna woodlands

January 2020

Climate, fire and herbivory rank among the key factors and processes shaping savanna woodland community composition and diversity.  We analyzed recruitment dynamics, community biomass, diversity, stability and composition and their relationships with rainfall fluctuations and herbivory in a savanna woodland community in the Masai Mara National Reserve of Kenya. Seedling and sapling recruitment varied differentially...

Author(s): Nina Bhola, Joseph O. Ogutu, Holly T. Dublin, Fons Van der Plas, Hans-Peter Piepho and Han Olff  

Woody fodder species in three agro-ecological Parklands of Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

January 2020

This study was conducted in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda of SNNPR, Ethiopia on Parkland agroforestry practices in three agro-ecological zones. The objective of the study was to investigate the fodder tree and shrub species composition, richness, diversity and structure. Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions were held. In total, ninety 50 m × 20 m plots were laid and standard procedures were followed....

Author(s): Aynalem Gochera, Simon Shibru and Yisehak Kechero

Analysis of socio-economic contribution of agroforestry systems to smallholder farmers around Jimma town, Southwestern Ethiopia

January 2020

Integration of trees into land use practices is an old-aged experience of smallholder farmers in Southwest Ethiopia. The contribution of this practice is much undermined. The objective of this study was to assess socio-economic contributions of agroforestry system to smallholder farmers around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 199 households were proportionally sampled from the three selected sites (Mazora,...

Author(s): Endale Bekele Jiru, Zerihun Kebebew and Ermias Melaku

Assessment of avifaunal assemblage and their distribution pattern across different habitat types of Gibe Sheleko National Park, South-western Ethiopia

January 2020

This study was conducted in Gibe Sheleko National Park from March to August 2015 covering wet and dry seasons. Sampling sites were taken based on the habitat characteristics and a transect line of 1 or less km with a distance of 250 to 300 m in between the transect lines was taken in the woodland habitat and point count was used in the riverine forest habitat. A total of 116 bird species consisting of 2 endemics to both...

Author(s): Hadis Tadele Desta Afework Bekele, Solomon Wagaw and Simeneh Admasu

Current distribution, regeneration and management practice of Hagenia abyssinica in different agroforestry systems of Ethiopia: A review

October 2019

Hagenia abyssinica is a multipurpose tree, which is sparsely distributed in the highland of Ethiopia. It is used for illness remedy, furniture, fuel, and as a soil additive. This review provides information on the present status and management practice of H. abyssinica in Ethiopia to give urgency care other than that given to introduced species for future conservation. The foliage and flowers have a higher quality of N...

Author(s): Akale Assamere Habtemariam and Alemu Mamuye Woldetsadik

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