Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 218

JASD Articles

The impact of Plan Ghana’s microfinance scheme on poverty reduction among women in Lower Manya Krobo

October 2014

The main purpose of the study was to assess the impact of Plan Ghana’s Microfinance Scheme on the livelihoods of female beneficiaries in the Lower Manya Krobo Municipality of the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was adopted and 180 sample size was used. The study showed that the scheme had improved beneficiaries’ lives tremendously in areas of health, child education, personal...

Author(s): John-Engelbert Seddoh

Nigeria and the crisis of cultural identity in the era of globalization

October 2014

This paper examines the crisis in the Nigerian cultural environment as a result of globalization. Globalization, referred to as the inter-dependence of countries, peoples, races and institutions in politics, economics, arts, science and technology, is equally responsible for inter-cultural exchanges and the coming together of people of diverse persuasions. In place of previous prejudices, biases and misunderstandings,...

Author(s): Dons Eze

Integration policies as structures of disintegration: the political economy of nationhood and resource control in Nigeria.

October 2014

In its exploration of the sub-theme, ‘Nigerian nation, Resource Control and National Integration’, this paper attempts to explain the fundamental reason why all the previous efforts towards national integration failed. The paper observes that the prevailing Nigerian nation is an organizational framework established for purposes of economic exploitation and domination of multi - ethnic nationalities by...

Author(s): Chukwuemeka Eze Malachy and Fidelia O. Nwobi

Access and attrition of female students in secondary schools in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

October 2014

The study investigated access of female students to secondary education and the completion rate of those that were enrolled in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It also determined the factors responsible for the attrition of female students with a view to promoting the education of the girl child in the FCT. Twenty two public secondary schools were randomly selected from three area councils of the FCT. Documentary...

Author(s): Olubunmi A. Omoniyi and Kunle O. Oloruntegbe

The practice of Almajiri: Prospect and socio-medical challenges in Northern part of Nigeria

September 2014

The main purpose of the study is to identify the practice of Almajiri: prospect and socio-medical challenges in Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey method was adopted using a cluster and sampling method. Questionnaire was used to collect the data, from three hundred male Almajiri. The study revealed that most of the respondents were between the ages of 8-14 years while very few...

Author(s): Zakir, A., Abubakar, U., Lawal, U. S., Imrana, H., Habibu, I. T., Hassan, I. H. and Harande, M. M.

Partial institutionalization and its relationship to Kenya’s poor economic development since independence: The case of the agricultural sector

August 2014

  This review paper presents the concept of partial institutionalization as the process prevents countries that ought to have achieved higher levels of socio-economic development from realizing their potential. The author has reconceptualised de-industrialization away from the mainstream understanding of this notion, that is, the movement away from manufacturing to service industry in the developed countries...

Author(s): Luke O.

Knowledge in praxis and socio-economic development: Explaining the African situation

August 2014

  One of the most fundamental questions bedeviling the African continent is the problem of underdevelopment which manifests in the forms of fears and despairs Africans face daily as they try to make sense of their existence in a world that has become a global village. Such a situation affects the level of confidence Africans have in terms of the relative opportunity to realize their potentials within the...

Author(s): Nkemnole Stanley Mmaduabuchi

A Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Migration of Highly-Skilled Professionals from Health Institutions in Nigeria

June 2014

Emigration and immigration/returning (simply put as migration) of highly-skilled professionals are of increasing concern in developing countries of the world. Emigration of core health professionals from Nigeria have been claimed to be increasing towards the developed North, while immigration/returning of health professionals into the country was believed to be increasing as well, over time. Ironically, virtually no...

Author(s): Abejide, L. E. O.

EU, China, Africa towards a trilateral cooperation: Prospects and challenges for Africa’s development

June 2014

The trilateral Africa-China-EU cooperation represents a unique opportunity for Africa’s development without ignoring the interests of each of the parties including the European Union (EU) and China. This paper aims at advancing the debate around trilateral development cooperation between the European Union (EU), China and Africa. The trilateral approach includes common interests for all parties and it can be an...

Author(s): Vasiliki Papatheologou

Assessment of the effects of changing land use from pastoralism to crop farming on Lake Nakivale wetland system in Isingiro District, Uganda

May 2014

The paper assessed the effects of changing the land use from transhumant pastoralism to crop farming on Lake Nakivale Wetland system. Semi-structured questionnaire was administered directly to 315 respondents from randomly selected households in three parishes bordering Lake Nakivale Wetland. In order to trace trends in land use practices overtime and understand the associated environmental problems, analysis of...

Author(s): Adonia Kamukasa and Kakurungu Bintoora

Perceptions of development by residents of a rural community in Kenya: A capability issue

May 2014

Despite the acknowledgment that participatory approaches in development have potential in understanding and designing development programmes and policies, perceptions of development continue to be dominated by outsiders including professionals and other development agents, most of whom do not experience the conditions. Using qualitative data collected from residents of Makueni County of Eastern Kenya, this paper...

Author(s): Hildah Essendi, Nyovani Madise and Zoe Matthews

Dynamic relationship between tourism, trade, infrastructure and economic growth: Empirical evidence From Malaysia.

April 2014

This paper aims to investigate a positive inter-relationship between tourism, trade, infrastructure and economic growth. Through number of literature examine bilateral relationship between the variables; the literature has certified that tourism is the one of the key factor in trade and economic growth as well as trade is the key factors of tourism and economic growth. Furthermore, the literature found that...

Author(s): Najat Nassor Suleiman and  Masoud Mohamed Albiman

Linking culture and water technology in Zimbabwe: Reflections on Ndau experiences and implications for climate change

February 2014

Renaissance studies continue to grow in post-colonial Africa. This study explores the Ndau culture in a bid to assess its vitality and relevance to contemporary society’s water technology in Zimbabwe. The thesis of the study posits that the Ndau people have indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) that can be tapped in the implementation of water resource management. Some Ndau beliefs and practices on water resources...

Author(s): Tenson Muyambo and Richard S. Maposa

Managing tourism for socio-economic development in Nigerian Local Government: A case study of Idanre Local Government

February 2014

This study examined the management of tourism in socio-economic development in Nigerian local government using Idanre local government as a case study. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 120 staffs of Idanre Local Government. In all a total of one hundred and twenty respondents constitute the population. This research revealed that there is a significant relationship between tourism and socio-economic...

Author(s): Ojo, John Sunday

Analysis of local institutions capacity to implement development plans and programs in Gamo Gofa Zone of Southern Ethiopia

February 2014

The study argues poverty in Ethiopia is the function of incapable local institutions. It measures the existing capacities and challenges of the local institutions to translate development plans to action in the study area. For data acquisition, pre-tested structured questionnaires were administered to 100 randomly selected civil servants in ten local institutions. The study has found that the local institutions had...

Author(s): Gebrerufael Girmay and Yohannes Mare

Implementation challenges of a donor funded development project: Lessons learned through a deep-end strategy while implementing a development program in Zambia

January 2014

Several authors have noted that despite the huge volume of international aid supporting development projects, there is a chronic litany of challenges threatening the effectiveness of development projects.  Most donor funded projects require project teams to produce and disseminate monitoring and evaluation reports for purposes of informing stakeholders of project achievements and challenges. Unfortunately, such...

Author(s): Joseph Mukuni and Bill Price

Sociological implications of domestic violence on children’s development in Nigeria

January 2014

Domestic violence against women is an issue of global concern that is gaining more and more prominence. It transcends national, cultural, racial and class boundaries. It is a social malady that is threatening the stable and balanced psychological development of children in the Nigerian society. Children raised in violent homes are known to imbibe violent tendencies as they grow up. This paper studies the domestic...

Author(s): Adebayo Anthony Abayomi

The effects of the Niger Delta oil crisis on women folks

January 2014

The Niger Delta area is one of the locations that is seriously affected by oil spill in Nigeria’s fifty one years of oil exploration. This study was designed to investigate the effects of the Niger Delta oil crisis on the women folks. Oil crisis could result in vast effects on humans and animals which include social, ecological, health, economical amongst others. The environment (air, water, soil) usually...

Author(s): Celestina Ihayere, Doris Fovwe Ogeleka and Theresa Ifeyinwa Ataine

Engendering politics and parliamentary representation in Zimbabwe

December 2013

This paper discusses the trends and patterns regarding the participation of women and men in parliamentary politics in Zimbabwe from the first democratic elections in 1980 to the 2008 elections in the context of global and regional trends. The main objective of this paper is to review both quantitative and qualitative data concerning the progress made in the direction of promoting women’s participation in politics...

Author(s): Thulani Dube

Exploring the Greek kindergarten teachers’ views about school programs

December 2013

School programs are well defined by the curriculum all over the world, so that they are implemented by teachers in all educational ranks. Our paper aims to identify and present the Greek kindergarten teachers’ views about school programs. Specifically, Greek kindergarten teachers are called to express their aspects on the different types of school programs, the teaching methods, aids and materials used in school...

Author(s): Helen Ch. Carida and Thouliotis E. Vaggelis

Semiotic translation and the expression of African thoughts and cultural values in English

December 2013

This paper identifies different situations which give rise to translation from the indigenous African languages. The relationship between language and thought on one hand and between language and culture on the other is fully discussed. Also stressed in the paper is the role of language in promoting cultural understanding. Attempt is made in the paper to identify different types of translation. As many scholars have...

Author(s): P. A. Ezema

Forcing the dumb to sing? Rejuvenating farmer cooperatives in Uganda amidst waning social capital

December 2013

Neoliberal reforms had for long recommended large scale corporate agriculture as the way forward; small scale peasant agriculture was considered as a hindrance to the capitalist progress of developing countries. However, crises that have befallen countries like Uganda, especially poverty and food crises have heightened the pressure and questions about the whole philosophy of corporate agriculture and food production,...

Author(s): Fredrick Kisekka Ntale

Inclusion and the world of disability: A case study of Zaka Central Cluster, Masvingo, Zimbabwe

December 2013

This paper discusses research carried out to investigate the effects of inclusion on children with severe intellectual disability who are in the mainstream system or in six ordinary regular rural primary schools in Zaka Central Cluster, Zaka District, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe. The study adopted the descriptive survey method. Three schools were randomly selected from the six which make up the cluster. The study...

Author(s): Tafirei Phinias, Makaye Jeriphanos and Mapetere Kudakwashe

The informal sector as a source of household income: The case of Alice town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

December 2013

The role of entrepreneurship in economic development has been extensively studied in the richer Western (i.e. first world) countries, but it could be argued that entrepreneurship is even more vital in developing countries. The informal sector in developing countries not only makes a significant contribution towards gross domestic product, but is a major potential source of entrepreneurship, hence a source of income too...

Author(s): Tshuma, M.C and Jari, B

Advancing the development agenda: Options

December 2013

Apparently, our schools and universities produce a lot of educated youths. However, there seems to be a mismatch of the content of the education and the stage at which we are in terms of economic modernisation, and the very content of our economy. Perhaps our schools’ curricula should be re-examined and redone to calibrate them accordingly and with prospects which are natural in the part of the globe in which we...

Author(s): Mbeleck Mandenge

The feminist discourse and the development of a civic virtue in Zimbabwe: Case of Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA)

December 2013

Recent literature on women and gender has sought to highlight the rising virtue against the violation of women’s rights on the backdrop of a dominantly patriarchal society. Given the increasing global recognition and efforts to uphold the status of women, international instruments and legislation have been incorporated into the arguments that support the recognition of women’s rights in every facet of...

Author(s): Jephias Mapuva

Policy and institutional perspectives on local economic development in Africa: The Ghanaian perspective

November 2013

  Local economic development involves identifying and using primarily local resources, ideas and skills to stimulate economic growth and development, with the aim of creating employment opportunities, reducing poverty, and redistributing resources and opportunities to the benefit of local residents. Growth and development cannot take place in an institutional and legal vacuum. Local development and growth...

Author(s): James Kwame Mensah, Kwame Ameyaw Domfeh, Albert Ahenkan and Justice Nyigmah Bawole

An assessment of the organisation commitment of the Nigerian Port Authority workers

November 2013

  This study examined the organisational commitment of the Nigerian Port Authority Workers using organisation commitment scale with (r = 0.71) as a measuring instrument. Five hundred workers were randomly selected from the various departments of the Nigerian Port Authority Lagos. They comprised male and female workers with their age ranges between 25 to 50 with a mean age of 32.5 years. Three hypotheses were...

Author(s): Toyobo Oluwole Majekodunmi

The people the boundary could not divide: The Gyaman of Ghana and Côte D’ivoire in historical perspective

November 2013

  This article aims at constructing the history of the Gyaman state before colonial rule. It is the first in a series of three papers to be published in the Journal of African Studies and Development. The current paper shall interrogate the pre-colonial political structures that culminated in the formation of the Gyaman state. It also discusses the socio-politico-economic activities of the Gyaman people before...

Author(s):   Agyemang Joseph Kwadwo and Ofosu-Mensah Ababio Emmanuel  

The socio-emotional dilemmas of primary school teaching in Anglophone post-colonial Africa: Policy implications for developing countries

November 2013

  This study investigated the underlying reasons for pre-service university student teachers’ negative responses toward an innovative faculty-based primary teacher education programme. The purpose of the study was to understand and explain post-Sixth form trainee teachers’ resistance to teach in primary schools. The data to address the problem was collected by means of the descriptive survey...

Author(s): Jonathan Mswazie, Mudyahoto T and Gamira D.

African nationalist transformational leaders: Opportunities, possibilities and pitfalls in African fiction and politics

October 2013

  The paper studies selected African writers’ dreams and fears, the way four novelists have been diversely excited by the topical issue of African leadership and discerns that artists dig into past history and tradition to reconstruct epic leaders, while fictionalising contemporary history and behaviour to critique modern African political leadership. The paper examines how African leaders have been...

Author(s): Jairos Gonye and Thamsanqa Moyo

Leadership crisis in the parliament of Nigeria: The case of the senate in the Fourth Republic

October 2013

  The article explores the political dynamics that explain the rapidity of the impeachment processes and resignation of Nigeria’s Senate Presidents in the Fourth Republic. By means of narrative analysis and utilising content-analysis of primary and secondary sources, gathered from fieldwork in Lagos and Abuja, the article seeks to capture the crisis-ridden character of the Nigerian Senate from 1999 to...

Author(s): Adewale Banjo

Peasants, land reform and property right in Ethiopia: The experience of Gojjam Province, 1974 to 1997

October 2013

  In late 1960s and early 1970s, progressive Ethiopians and international agencies urged Haile-Selassie’s Imperial government to introduced land reform and rural change and in 1974 the emperor was deposed and the Derg took power. Soon, the new régime, the Derg, promulgated a revolutionary land reform program. The land reform proclamation abolished all private ownership making all land...

Author(s): Temesgen Gebeyehu Baye

Problems and prospects of automobile workshops in Bangladesh

October 2013

  These days have witnessed a rapid growth of automobile industries all over the world. Although Bangladesh is a poorer country and densely populated, a large number of people works abroad and earn a large amount of foreign exchange. Millions of remittances come into our economy every month, which helps boost our economy and as such, some people have resources to modernize their life-style through the use of...

Author(s): Md. Kayemuddin, and Shakila Kayum

The historical conjuncture of neo-colonialism and underdevelopment in Nigeria

September 2013

  Neo-colonialism is widely viewed by many writers as the survival of the colonial system in an ex-colony. It is one of the issues that have blighted sustainable development in Nigeria. In Nigeria, it can be regarded as a specific phase of her development characterised by its social formation. This situation was carefully crafted during the decolonization process by the colonialists in collusion with Nigerian...

Author(s): ATTAH, Noah Echa

Democracy and institutionalization of poverty in Nigeria

September 2013

  Nigerian leaders have severally appreciated the fact that pervasiveness of poverty is one of the major impediments to development. This ostensibly could be one of the reasons that led to the adoption of many poverty reduction policies and frameworks especially since 1999. This paper critically looks at democracy and poverty incidence in Nigeria. It argues that democracy has aggravated the poverty profile in...

Author(s): C. Jaja Nwanegbo and Jude Odigbo

China’s foreign aid on human resources for health: Experience and implications

September 2013

  China’s foreign aid in terms of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is an important part of the country’s foreign assistance and reflects the basic philosophy and innovative mechanism of China’s foreign aid, as well as being a typical mode of South-South cooperation. This paper systematically reviews the three types of China’s HRH aid: Foreign-aid medical teams; Chinese government...

Author(s): Wang Xiaolin, Zhu Jiming and Zhang Deliang

Voter registers and the question of inclusion and exclusion in Tanzania’s multiparty elections: Learning from observers’ revelations

September 2013

  This essay is an inquest to voter registration process in a multiparty Tanzania. The main question that this essay attempts to answer is whether or not the introduction of permanent voter registers in Tanzania has resolved registration controversies. These registers were purposely created in order to address registration problems that were observed by elections stakeholders during the 1995 and 2000 general...

Author(s): Edwin Babeiya

Public-private partnerships and urban sanitation: Do expectations meet realities in Madina-Ghana?

September 2013

  Efficient and effective provision of public services is problematic in developing countries. Since the 1980s, there has been an increasing realisation that the state lacks capacity and resources to deliver public goods and services solely. Thus, the private sector has been drawn upon through myriad means to provide these services by injecting capital, expertise, technology, flexibility, and among others. The...

Author(s): Bossman E. Asare and Mark K. Frimpong

Testing the PPP hypothesis in the Sub-saharan countries

August 2013

  This paper examines the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) hypothesis in a number of Sub-Saharan countries by testing the order of integration in the log of their real exchange rates vis-à-vis the US dollar. I(d) estimation techniques based on both asymptotic and finite sample results are used. The test results led to the rejection of PPP in all cases: orders of integration below 1 are found in...

Author(s): Guglielmo Maria Caporale and Luis A. Gil-Alana

Gender equity in education: An analysis of perceptions of Masvingo urban female students, parents and teachers towards the maternity leave policy for high school girls in Zimbabwe

August 2013

  The study examined the perceptions of Masvingo urban female students, parents and teachers towards the maternity leave policy for high school girls in Zimbabwe. A qualitative paradigm and the descriptive survey method were adopted. The qualitative paradigm was selected because the issue under study yields soft data. A descriptive survey was suitable for a relatively large sample. The paradigm lends itself to...

Author(s): Josiah Chaonwa Sithole, Lilian Manwa and Lokadhia Manwa

The challenges of ethnonationalism for the Nigerian State

July 2013

  Whereas present day socio-economic realities tend to favour globalization and universalism, what is happening in Nigeria is rather a rise in ethnonationalism (Obi 2001). In fact, since the present democratic dispensation in Nigeria in 1999, ethnonationalist sentiments have become so trenchant and divisive that the country’s political, social and economic bear nay future is largely threatened....

Author(s): Uduma Oji Uduma 

Who will foot the bill? Water services infrastructure backlog in Sub-Saharan Africa

July 2013

  Investment in the water services infrastructure remains one of the major challenges that many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are facing. Current levels of investment in the sector, from both private and public sources, are only a quarter of the expenditure needed to meet the growing demand from the rapidly growing urban population as well as the positive economic growth experienced in the last decade....

Author(s): Horman Chitonge 

The modelled solar radiation pattern of Ghana: Its prospects for alternative energy source

March 2013

  Solar radiation has many values as it is a driving energy for weather and climate, enhances Ghana’s socio-economic landscape and can be used to generate electricity. In order for solar radiation to be used to generate electricity, we need to know its intensity on daily and monthly basis. To make this data possible would require erecting a sufficiently dense network of sophisticated radiometric stations...

Author(s): Frank S. Arku

Crises of leadership and the ethical grounds of revolution in Africa

March 2013

  Leadership is conceived as a vocation to service backed by authority to exercise administrative powers not for any personal gains but for the good and development of the people and the state. The leadership in Africa seems to derail from this rather noble understanding of leadership while tilting towards the egocentric idea of leadership where there is a shift from the people centered leadership to the person...

Author(s): Okoye, Chuka A.

Utilizing the participatory social learning theory as a new paradigm to evaluate the International Labour Organization (ILO) assessment of support for growth-oriented women entrepreneurs in Uganda

March 2013

  This manuscript highlights the participatory social learning theory (PSLT), an underutilized yet viable theory for assessing development initiatives. The PSLT is presented in this article as a means of analyzing the initiatives proposed and implemented for women’s economic growth in Uganda. It specifically analyzes the International Labour Organizations (ILO) report on support for women entrepreneurs in...

Author(s): Ronya D. Foy

Provision of secondary education in Nigeria: Challenges and way forward

January 2013

  Secondary education is critical to the education of a child, being the bridge between primary and tertiary education. In this paper, the challenges militating against the achievement of the objectives of secondary education in Nigeria were examined. They include: inadequate fund; inadequate and decay infrastructural facilities; inadequate and low quality teachers; negative attitudes of teacher; indiscipline...

Author(s): Ige Akindele Matthew

Curbing witchcraft persecutions in South Africa: A search for alternative solution

January 2013

  Witchcraft accusations and the resulting violence have become phenomenal of South Africa’s Limpopo Province (Prof S T Kgatla teaches in Missiology and Science of religion at the University of Pretoria South Africa). In the years 1996-2009, more than six hundred people have lost their lives because of witchcraft-related violence (For the statistics of the people killed and displaced from their homes, see...

Author(s): Selaelo Thias Kgatla

Representations of the land reform programme in selected Zimbabwean short stories and Mutasa’s Sekai, Minda Tave Nayo (Sekai, We Now Have the Land): A fait accompli?

December 2012

  The issue of the Land Redistribution Programme in the Zimbabwean literary geography is vexed and moot. This is because, like the politics which energised it, it is embedded in different ideological, social, economic, racial, gender and ethnic standpoints. It is this that makes some writers see it as a grand act of final decolonisation whose intention was to empower landless black natives. On the other hand,...

Author(s): Jairos Gonye, Thamsanqa Moyo and Wellington Wasosa

Gender and perception on climate change in Bahi and Kondoa Districts, Dodoma Region, Tanzania

December 2012

Perception precedes measures to adapt to climate change effects. However, little is known on how men and women dealing with agriculture in rural Tanzania perceive climate change. The study to analyze perception on climate change by gender was done in Bahi and Kondoa Districts Dodoma Region, Tanzania. Meteorological data were also used. Primary data obtained from 78 key informants, 12 focus groups and a sample of 360...

Author(s): Swai, O. W., Mbwambo, J. S. and Magayane, F. T.

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